What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center

DrugRehab.org What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center

While every drug rehabilitation center differs in what is and isn’t allowed, there are some items that are generally prohibited. What’s more, strict policies serve to provide the best care in a variety of effective treatment options.

Drug Rehab Centers Have Different Policies

In 2014, the Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) conducted a survey that showed over 21 million people needed treatment for abusing drugs or alcohol. Out of all those people struggling with some kind of drug addiction, the sad truth is only around 2 million people received the proper treatment they needed. For whatever reason, it is clear that people suffering from drug addiction are unwilling to seek critical treatment needed for recovery.

Deciding to enter a drug rehabilitation center is a major choice, and one that requires in-depth research to ensure you’re receiving the best treatment for you.

DrugRehab.org What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center Over 21 Milllion people

What to bring, and what not to bring, to a drug rehabilitation center can be difficult to access, and may add more stress to an already stressful situation. It is important to understand that all rehabilitation centers are different, and may implement different policies. Which policies are implemented depend on the particular center, level of care, and specific needs of the individual.

You may want to check out the drug rehabilitation center’s frequently asked questions (FAQs) page for more information. Regardless of which center you choose, there are things you should never bring to a drug rehabilitation center.

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What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center

Across the board, it is generally the case that all drug rehab centers will have strict policies and rules for treatment. Strict policies promote good health, a stable and safe environment, and fewer distractions during the rehabilitation process. While all treatment and drug rehabilitation centers have different rules, the following items are generally prohibited:

  • illicit drugs
  • alcohol
  • food or drinks
  • unnecessary prescription medication
  • weapons of any kind
  • opened or previously used over the counter medications
  • pornography
  • clothing with inappropriate language or images
  • excessive amounts of jewelry or makeup

This may not be a complete list of every item you cannot bring to drug rehab, but does include common things that are usually considered problematic for your recovery. These items may also be construed as suspicious or potentially used to sneak drugs in, tempt you to seek a desired high or escape by any means possible, or pose safety risks to yourselves or others.

The above items are likely to be prohibited at all drug rehabilitation centers, but other items may be restricted, or possibly allowed, at some centers.

Items That May Be Restricted Or Prohibited

DrugRehab.org What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center No Cell PhonesSome items may simply prove to be too much of a distraction. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disorder that requires extensive measures to treat. Any unnecessary distraction may inhibit the success of treatment. Some of these items may be prohibited or restricted:

Restricted items may be available for use under certain caveats or stipulations. While this may seem harsh, these items are restricted to benefit the individual and provide essential lifestyle changes needed in order to beat addiction. Before you jump to conclusions, it is crucial to understand why successful treatment demands letting some things go during the process.

Why Certain Items Are Restricted Or Prohibited

As you research drug rehabilitation centers, it may be frustrating to come across so many strict rules and policies for treatment. However, it is crucial to understand why drug rehab centers operate in ways that seem restrictive, or even oppressive. Drug addiction is a disease that changes a person’s behavior, and drug rehabilitation centers enact policies to make sure these complex behaviors do not influence the course of treatment.

When a person uses drugs, they are likely to act in ways that only serve their addiction. For example, a person may continue to use drugs despite obvious harm to themselves or others. Successful treatment must then employ strict policies to change destructive behavior.

By the time people enter a drug rehab facility, they are often to the point where drugs have taken over their lives. Abusing drugs is likely all they think about, and can disrupt their relationships to family, the workplace, and the community. Treating addiction is more than just stopping use of a particular drug, but must address all aspects of the person’s life, needs, and behavior in order to be successful.

This is why the most effective programs inform people what not to bring to a drug rehabilitation center, so the person can limit all distraction and focus solely on improving their choices and behavior.

Understanding what treatment options are available may be useful for getting in the right mindset, and willingly leave the extraneous things behind.

Drug Rehabilitation Treatment Options

Effective programs implement a variety of treatment options. These include:

Family Therapy is especially useful for younger populations struggling with drug addiction. The person will examine how family interacts with their drug use, and how certain dynamics or relationships may contribute to the cycle of abuse.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy aims to help patients deal with stressful situations that may occur outside of the facility after treatment. In order to get better, the person must change their attitudes and behavior about using drugs.

Motivational Enhancement Therapy works to change internal behaviors that can help a person become more responsive to seeking treatment in the future. The person may be less concerned with what not to bring to a drug rehabilitation center, and more focused on getting better and receiving treatment.

Contingency Management uses positive reinforcement to reward behavior that is needed for successful treatment. Things like staying drug free, engaging in counseling and therapy sessions, and limiting distractions may be rewarded in order to reinforce productive behavior.

DrugRehab.org What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center Family Therapy

Modifying a person’s behavior and attitude towards drugs require multiple components that also include substance abuse monitoring, recovery support programs, and constant care. All these components, and many more, establish a person will get quality treatment; however, they only make a difference when the person is 100% committed to getting better.

Asking what not to bring to a drug rehabilitation center matters less than an individual’s willingness to put themselves out there, engage in therapeutic activities, and do whatever it takes to beat drug addiction.

For More Information Related to “What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

 


Sources

NIDA – Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations
NIDA – The Science of Addiction: How do the best treatment programs help?
NIDA – Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

Can I Bring Vitamins To A Drug And Alcohol Rehab Center?

Vitamins To Rehab_

After making the decision to enter an addiction treatment center, it’s important to find out what you can and cannot bring to the facility. Proper nutrition and wellness is an important part of drug and alcohol treatment; this may include the use of certain vitamins or supplements. Though some facilities may not let you bring these items to treatment, they may supply them as part of your treatment.

Not every rehab facility allows you to bring vitamins or nutritional supplements. Should a facility allow vitamins or supplements, the exact nature of what’s allowed varies facility to facility.

Some facilities may not allow you to bring any, while others have guidelines outlining what type of vitamins or supplements are allowed. For instance, a multivitamin may be on the approved list of what to pack, whereas certain supplemental vitamins or herbal supplements may not be.

Vitamins To Rehab_If Allowed

As a general rule, if allowed, vitamins or supplements must be new, unopened, and sealed. This ensures that clients do not attempt to hide or stash drugs within these items, or even within the vitamin capsule itself. Some individuals open vitamins, empty their contents, and refill the capsule with a drug of abuse. These precautions work to protect an individual from relapse, overdose, and drug-related adverse health effects.

Should you have any questions about what is and is not permitted, contact the rehab center you’re interested in or one you’re scheduled to attend. Each facility should be able to provide you with this information as well as a complete list of what else you can and cannot bring to rehab. Even if you can’t bring your own vitamins, many facilities integrate vitamins into their detox and rehab programs.

Drug Abuse Can Cause Vitamin Deficiencies

Drug and alcohol abuse and addiction can cause poor health, malnourishment, and key vitamin and nutrient deficiencies. This occurs from both the drug of abuse and the way of life which frequently accompanies substance abuse. The majority of drug abusers experience a declining quality of life, poor self-care, and physical health problems, all of which may contribute to nutritional deficiencies.

Your body needs vital nutrients, vitamins, and minerals to function properly and to maintain a healthy immune system. Many of these substances come from our diets, which are often quite poor within patterns of abuse and addiction. Over time, without these things, your body may weaken; one way this occurs is through malnourishment and vitamin deficiencies.

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Here’s how drug abuse causes your body to reach these unhealthy, malnourished, and deficient states:

  • Appetite suppression: Many drugs of abuse, especially stimulants like meth, cocaine, and illicitly abused ADHD medications, suppress, or reduce, a person’s appetite. Because of this, a person may eat significantly less or even go long periods of time without eating anything at all.

Without proper caloric intake, a person is not able to derive the vitamins and nutrients they need from their diet. In certain cases, your body may even begin to strip itself of certain key elements (like calcium) in an attempt to address any deficiencies.

  • Excessive appetite and food cravings: Certain drugs, like marijuana and opioids, may lead a person to crave certain foods. Research illustrates that heroin abusers are more inclined towards craving sweets, while a marijuana high leads many individuals to consume excessive amounts of junk food. Many of these foods and beverages are full of empty calories and offer little to no nutritional value.
  • Poor diet: Drug abuse can squash a person’s motivation and desire for self-care. This often results in poor dietary choices (such as fast food, junk food, and sugar-laden foods and beverages); high-calorie, low-nutrient food; and little to no fresh produce, grains, legumes, and other foods which have a high nutrient density.

Alcohol, for example, is full of empty calories. Many people consume less food because of this, limiting the amount of nutrients they take in.

  • Decreased nutrient absorption: Certain drugs of abuse actually inhibit your body’s ability to absorb certain key vitamins and nutrients, even if you’re eating well. For example, Psychology Today reports that alcohol can cause calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium deficiencies, as well as decreased levels of vitamins A, B, C, D, and K.

Certain deficiencies cause serious problems. Chronic drinking can impede both the manner in which thiamine (B1) is absorbed and the ability of cells to utilize this important nutrient. This can become very dangerous, leading to a serious and even life-threatening brain disorder called Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome, or “wet brain.”

Vitamins Can Be A Beneficial Part Of Addiction Treatment

To counter these deficiencies, resolve any damage caused from them, and to boost general health and well-being, many rehab facilities integrate nutritional support, including vitamins into their care plan.

Certain drugs, like alcohol, benzodiazepines, and opioids often require a medically-supported detox. While detox is a time for your body to strip the chemical burden of the abused substance from its system, it’s also a time when good things need to be going back into your body. Fluid hydration and vitamin supplementation is quite commonly used during this time.

As we’ve noted, vitamin deficiencies can progress to serious extremes, such as within the case of alcoholism. Various B vitamins, including thiamine, are critical components of a treatment plan for those recovering from an alcohol addiction. Other vitamins, minerals, or supplements may be used as needed. Alcohol isn’t the only drug addiction which benefits from vitamin supplementation.

Vitamins To Rehab_Healing

Any form of drug abuse can impair physical and mental health. Certain drugs cause greater nutritional deficiencies than others, especially when abuse reaches levels of addiction. For example, the Psychology Today article continues, noting that cocaine can create vitamin B and C deficiencies, while marijuana can reduce levels of zinc and disrupt the metabolism of omega-3 fatty acids.

Vitamins support detoxification, healing, and all around better health, when used within a holistic, integrated treatment plan. Certain programs which offer alternative therapies may also utilize various herbal supplements. Nutritional support is quite commonly supported by exercise, healthy meal planning, and alternatives therapies like yoga within rehab.

When paired with researched-based treatment modalities, good nutrition helps to promote a balanced mood, alleviate stress, reduce cravings, and address any medical concerns (including co-occurring disorders) which may accompany addiction.

If you’d like to learn more about the role of vitamins or nutrition within inpatient drug rehab, it’s best to talk to a treatment specialist for more information and resources.

For More Information Related to “Can I Bring Vitamins To A Drug And Alcohol Rehab Center?” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

 


Sources

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism — The Role of Thiamine Deficiency in Alcoholic Brain Disease
US National Library of Medicine — Burden and Nutritional Deficiencies in Opiate Addiction- Systematic Review Article

5 Symptoms Of Opioid Withdrawal

DrugRehab.org 5 Symptoms Of Opioid Withdrawal

“Every day, more than 90 Americans die after overdosing on opioids,” according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. One way to U.S. Department of Health and Human services plans on combating this crisis is by improving access to treatment and recovery services.

What Are Opioids?

Opioids are developed derivatives of opium, which originate from the poppy plant. Opioids are a broad class of drugs typically prescribed to manage moderate to extreme pain symptoms. The term narcotics is used to discuss both opioids and opiates.

Examples of opioid drugs include:

What Causes Opioid Withdrawal?

Over time, your body becomes less sensitive to the effects of opioids. This tolerance causes the body to need larger doses of the drug to achieve the same effect, and it can increase the risk of overdose and death. After a while, your brain thinks it is functioning normally while on the drug, and will function abnormally when they are absent from your system.

Many people become dependent on the drug to avoid the pain of withdrawal symptoms. It is possible to not even realize that you have become dependent on the drug and mistake withdrawal symptoms for the flu or other condition.

DrugRehab.org 5 Symptoms Of Opioid Withdrawal Moderate to Extreme Pain Symptoms

Even people taking opioids as prescribed can experience building a tolerance to them. About 24 percent of people prescribed opioids for chronic pain misuse them, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. However, because individuals develop their tolerance at different rates it is hard to tell which withdrawal symptoms will occur when they stop taking the drug.

For those that become dependent, when going through withdrawal a condition known as acute opiate withdrawal is frequently experienced. This condition occurs are a result of lowering doses drastically or stopping completely. It occurs because without opioids in the system the brain goes through a large dopamine (happy hormone) deficiency.

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Signs And Symptoms Of Withdrawal From Opioids

While there are many factors that can help identify opioid withdrawal, the following are the five more common symptoms:

  • Flu like symptoms
  • Agitation & Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Depressive/dysphoric state
  • Excessive sweating

DrugRehab.org 5 Symptoms Of Opioid Withdrawal Flu Like Symptoms1.Flu-like Symptoms

Runny nose, body aches, and diarrhea are all common flu like symptoms felt during withdrawal from opioids. When the body is deprived of opioids it causes a chemical imbalance.

This imbalance leads to multiple body systems, including the immune system, to function abnormally.

2. Agitation & Anxiety

This is also thought to occur due to the chemical imbalance in the brain. The lack of opioids leaves the brain wanting more dopamine release and no way to get it.

These symptoms are thought to be dependent on how strong a tolerance a person has developed. The higher the dose that was accustomed to the longer the fall will be during the withdrawal process. This can cause extreme mood swings which then trigger the onset of anxiety in someone detoxing from opioids.

3. Insomnia

Insomnia is thought to occur more due to the pain of withdrawing from the medication than anything else. It is devastating to the body though, because it can amplify the other symptoms that are present.

4. Depressive/Dysphoric State

These symptoms are also a result of the chemical imbalance in the brain when opioids are removed. The lack of dopamine, compared to the amount the body now considers to be normal, wreaks havoc on the mood center of the pain. It can cause extreme sadness or dissatisfaction in a person experiencing withdrawal.

5. Excessive Sweating

This often occurs in people withdrawing from opioids. As the body tries to remain in homeostasis with the brain, it is affected by the chemical change as well. The body can sweat during all hours of the night, which can contribute to poor sleep too.

Other opioid withdrawal symptoms to be aware of include:

  • Restlessness
  • Increased heart rate/ blood pressure
  • Goosebumps on the skin
  • Dilated pupils

Opioid Withdrawal Timeline

The average person could experience the above symptoms somewhere between 12 and 30 hours after the last dose of drugs. In most cases, these symptoms are experienced for four to 10 days. However, if withdrawing from an extended release opioid, symptoms can last up to 21 days or even longer.

DrugRehab.org 5 Symptoms Of Opioid Withdrawal 12 And 30 Hours

It is not always true that withdrawal symptoms end there though. After the acute symptoms disappear, there can be extended withdrawal symptoms or post-acute withdrawal symptoms (PAWS). This recovery can last for months at a time, and include symptoms like:

  • Depression and anxiety
  • Insomnia and fatigue
  • Mood swings and diminished decision-making skills

Treatment For Opioid Addiction

Tolerance, dependence, and addiction can all lead to experiencing withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal is a different experience for each individual and depends greatly on the exact substance and the level of its use. Because this has become such a widespread epidemic, there are currently a wide variety of treatments.

These include medication-assisted withdrawal using smaller and smaller doses of extended release opioid derivatives such as methadone or buprenorphine (Suboxone).

Opioid addiction can also include the use behavioral therapies such as:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy – therapy based on the feelings, thoughts, and beliefs about the substance and its effects on the individual.
  • Motivational interviewing – Is used to find what would motivate a person to change and go through recovery.
  • Contingency management – provides tangible rewards for remaining drug-free, and recovery-oriented to disway further use of the drug
  • Family therapy – works to educate family members regarding substance and use issues and improve relationships with the individual in recovery and their family

Each therapy has its focus, but they all aim to assist the person going through treatment of this addiction to get their lives back.

Get Help For An Opioid Addiction Today

If you would like to find out more about possible symptoms of opioid withdrawal and treatment for opioid addiction, contact us at DrugRehab.org. One of our specialists is standing by 24/7 to assist you in finding out what you would like to know.

For More Information Related to “5 Symptoms Of Opioid Withdrawal” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

 


Sources

U.S. National Library of Medicine – Opiate and opioid withdrawal

The Dangers Of Mixing Cocaine With Benzodiazepines

DrugRehab.org The Dangers of Mixing Cocaine with Benzodiazepines

Powerful stimulants like cocaine can end with a serious crash, then sometimes when a person uses the drug they may not be able to sleep or wind-down afterwards. Some people might use a central nervous system depressant like benzodiazepines to help them taper off cocaine, but this mixture may lead to the development of further abuse and even polysubstance dependence.

Cocaine is a stimulant derived from the coca-bush. Typically cocaine comes in a fine, white powder which can be snorted, injected, or further processed into crack cocaine. Some people use cocaine in binges, while increasing doses over time to maintain the same high they experienced before.

DrugRehab.org The Dangers of Mixing Cocaine with Benzodiazepines Schedule IV Drug

Benzodiazepines are psychoactive medications, also referred to as sedatives and tranquilizers. They can be used to treat anxiety disorders, epilepsy, and insomnia. Generally, benzodiazepines (or benzos) have a low level of abuse. However, “there is the potential for dependence on and abuse of benzodiazepines particularly by individuals with a history of multi-substance abuse,” as reported by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Cocaine is a powerful drug, but not everyone who tries cocaine will become addicted, or even like it for that matter. Yet this drug can still have serious consequences to a person’s health and overall well-being, especially when combined with benzodiazepines

Why Do People Mix Cocaine And Benzodiazepines?

People who abuse cocaine may become dependent on it or develop a cocaine use disorder—partly because of the intense euphoria and numbing feeling it creates. Someone who suffers from a cocaine use disorder might use benzodiazepines to lower the risk of crashing after cocaine wears off. This combination of stimulants and depressants has the potential to be dangerous.

Dangers Of Mixing Stimulants With Depressants

DrugRehab.org The Dangers of Mixing Cocaine with Benzodiazepines Unpredictable ConsequencesMixing more than one drug, or taking a drug while under the influence of another is known as polysubstance (polydrug) use, and may have a greater effect than what meets the eye. When a person uses a depressant with a stimulant they might better manage their withdrawal symptoms, but what can happen over time is they rarely use one drug without the other, and now they’ve become dependent on two substances.

Mixing stimulants, like cocaine, with depressants, like benzodiazepines, can have often unpredictable consequences. The combination of cocaine and benzodiazepines in the bodycan badly alter a person’s natural dopamine levels and make it hard for them to feel happy on their own.

Some of the risks of mixing stimulants and depressants are:

  • Increase in side effects of both substances
  • Aggravating or worsening symptoms of co-occurring mental health or substance use disorders
  • Increased risk of development of addiction and/or dependence for either substance
  • Greatly increased risk of fatal overdose

Effects Of Cocaine On The Body

Cocaine can have adverse effects on the body, but mostly on the nasal passage, lungs, kidneys, liver, heart, and brain. Often the amount of cocaine or the regularity of abuse can alter side effects, euphoria experienced, and even withdrawal symptoms.

Potent stimulants like cocaine can give a person immense euphoria and a feeling of well-being, but once they stop abusing the drug, they can experience side effects and withdrawal. The side effects of cocaine are the same concerns that benzodiazepines work against.

Some of the short-term effects of cocaine can include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion
  • Increased body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate
  • Muscle spasms
  • Nausea
  • Pupil dilation

Effects Of Benzodiazepines On The Body

Benzodiazepines are used medically for several purposes, as a sedative, hypnotic, anti-anxiety agent, or muscle relaxant. Benzodiazepines work by emitting tranquilizing chemicals into the brain, producing feelings of calm, relaxation, and euphoria. These drugs are some of the most widely prescribed medications in the United States, according to Medical News Today.

DrugRehab.org The Dangers of Mixing Cocaine with Benzodiazepines 1.5 Million Current CocaineThere are a lot of different brands of benzodiazepines. According to the DEA, some of the most commonly-prescribed benzodiazepines are alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), temazepam (Restoril), and diazepam (Valium).

Abuse of benzos can be dangerous, as the drugs work by slowing brain activity, thereby slowing certain functions in the body.

Side effects of benzodiazepine abuse may include:

  • Body tremors
  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Grogginess
  • Headache
  • Lack of coordination
  • Vision troubles

Mixing cocaine and benzodiazepines can be dangerous because the drugs have wildly opposing effects on the body. One increases certain functions to stimulate the body and brain (cocaine), while the other decreases certain functions to produce calmness and relaxation (benzodiazepines). Combining the two can produce heightened effects of each substance until your body cannot process either drug, greatly increasing your risk of fatal overdose.

Treatment For Polysubstance Use Disorder

Substance and polysubstance use disorders can be hard to beat, but the right treatment program can make all the difference. The best programs for substance abuse, addiction, and dependence are found at inpatient drug rehab centers, where you will find caring, supportive staff and evidence-based modalities.

Some of the most effective methods of recovery for substance use disorders are detoxification, dialectical behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy, peer support groups, and contingency-management. Drug rehab may be able to guide you into recovery and help you return to a normal life—happy and free from addiction.

How To Find Help For Addiction

If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction to cocaine and benzodiazepines, we understand what you’re going through, and that it can be hard to overcome a drug problem. We can help you find the inpatient drug rehab center that’s right for you, figure out how to pay for it, and what route to take once you’re there. Contact us today to speak to one of our treatment specialists and learn more about drug rehab.

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How Does Alcohol Abuse Affect The Body?

DrugRehab.org How Does Alcohol Abuse Affect The Body-

Most people choose to consume alcohol because it allows them to relax and appear more sociable and happy, but, alcohol abuse can have serious long-term consequences to the body. The negative effects begin as soon as alcohol enters the body and contaminate the rest of it quickly.

Alcohol abuse is considered to be a habitual misuse of alcohol. Where the person is using alcohol as an escape mechanism to let loose and have fun, or to escape their own reality in some way. Anyone can abuse alcohol, it does not mean that there is an addiction (alcoholism) present, only that there is a higher likelihood for addiction to occur.

The more alcohol in the blood, the higher the risk for serious side-effects to occur. Which include increased risks for certain cancers, damage to the liver, brain, and other organs, and unintentional injury or violence.

The recommended drinking amount is 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women. Drinking more than this is considered to be problematic drinking and can result in permanent damage to the body.

Alcohol’s Effects On The Body

When first consumed, 33 percent of alcohol gets absorbed immediately into the bloodstream, via the lining of the stomach. The rest is slowly absorbed by the small intestine. When someone abuses alcohol, they consume more than the amount their body can handle, and the amount of alcohol that is in their blood increases more quickly.

DrugRehab.org How Does Alcohol Abuse Affect The Body- 33 Percent of Alcohol

Once in the blood, alcohol makes its way to the brain, heart, and most other biological tissues.

Alcohol’s Effect On The Brain

Alcohol abuse can produce a significant amount of alcohol in the blood that supplies the brain. When the brain is flooded by alcohol it interferes with the brain’s neural messaging network by causing a disruption to the neural pathways. These disruptions can result in sudden mood changes, or changes in general behavior. And make it more difficult to think clearly, or be coordinated.

Alcohol’s Effect On The Heart

Abusing alcohol can cause serious heart malfunctions. When habitually abused, over a long time period it can cause the muscles in the heart to sag or droop (cardiomyopathy), irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), stroke, and high blood pressure.

Alcohol’s Effect On The Liver

Heavy drinking can take a huge toll on the liver over time. The liver is the organ responsible for detoxifying your body of harmful substances. When alcohol is introduced into the system, the body recognizes it as a contaminate. The pancreas and liver begin producing and releasing enzymes that break down the alcohol and make it less toxic to the body.

Overtime, abusing alcohol causes the liver to become overworked and injured. Because most people who abuse alcohol attempt to remain a little drunk all the time, in order to avoid the withdrawal symptoms of alcohol leaving their system. As a result of the damage this constant state causes the liver to become inflamed.

The inflammation can appear as:

  • Steatosis (fatty liver)
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Fibrosis (scarring of the liver)
  • Cirrhosis (chronic degeneration of liver cells)

Depending on how long the person has abused alcohol.

Alcohol’s Effect On The Pancreas

With the constantly raised levels of alcohol, the pancreas can only produce enough enzymes to break down a little of the excessive amount. This causes the pancreas to be flooded with toxic substances that, over time, lead to inflammation (pancreatitis).

Pancreatitis is dangerous because the swelling of the blood vessel prevents the body from being able to digest things properly, which can damage multiple other systems throughout the body.

Alcohol abuse can lead to long-term irreparable damage to these major organs. It can also cause the body to slowly shut down over time. It’s essentially like slowly poisoning yourself because your organs become to damaged to properly detox your body.

Alcohol Abuse Causes An Increased Risk Of Cancer

Abusing alcohol can increase risk of cancer to the mouth, esophagus, and throat. This is thought to result because the majority of alcohol is consumed orally. The mouth, esophagus, and throat all become exposed to habitual abuse, and the cells within the tissues that initially consumed the alcohol degenerate from the inside out once the remaining alcohol enters the blood.

DrugRehab.org How Does Alcohol Abuse Affect The Body- Increase The Rick of Getting

Alcohol abuse has also been shown to increase the risk of getting liver and breast cancer. The increased risk to liver damage will happen when the liver becomes overworked and the damage sets in. The increased risk to breast cancer is thought to be because of the increased fat cell content in this tissue, because fat cells are more susceptible to alcohol penetrating their cell membranes than normal body tissue cells.

Decreased Immune System

With time, alcohol abuse can also lead to a less than optimal immune system. Typically when the body encounters a foreign substance it sees as harmful it will produce white blood cells to fight and destroy that substance to return the body to homeostasis.

Abusing alcohol lowers the body’s ability to do this by damaging internal organs and keep the body constantly in a state of fluctuation. This is why people who drink chronically, are more likely to contract diseases like pneumonia and tuberculosis, over people who rarely drink. It is important to note that even after a single binge drinking session the body’s ability to ward off infection is lower than normal for up to 24 hours after getting drunk.

Alcohol Has Different Effects With Age

How the body handles alcohol can change with age. And alcohol abuse symptoms are sometimes easily mistaken for common problems among old people, like balance issues. This can be dangerous because it can make it more difficult for doctors to understand their elderly patients symptoms, and they are more likely to be misdiagnosed. The increased risk of elderly becoming confused and forgetful often lead to the misdiagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease.

It is possible for elderly people to feel the effects of alcohol without increasing the amount they drink. Because the body breaks down with age, making it more difficult to build up a tolerance. This can lead to increased risk for falls and fractures.

Abusing alcohol has also been shown to worsen some health conditions like osteoporosis, diabetes, high blood pressure, ulcers, and mood disorders in older people.

Get Help For An Alcohol Problem Today

Still have questions regarding alcohol abuse and its effects? Contact one of our treatment specialist at DrugRehab.org to find out more about these topics. Abuse is the borderline to addiction, reach us today if you or a loved one is in need. We are here to help.

For more information, call now!

For More Information Related to “How Does Alcohol Abuse Affect The Body?” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

 


Sources

National Institute on Aging – Facts About Aging and Alcohol
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism – Alcohol’s Effects on the Body
U.S. National Library of Medicine – Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse

Opana Withdrawal Symptoms

DrugRehab.org_Opana_

Opana is a form of oxymorphone and classified as an opioid. It has a serious risk of tolerance, dependence, and addiction. For some, stopping use abruptly can intensify withdrawal symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, anxiety, and irritability. For some people, quitting opioids may require more than willpower alone.

DrugRehab.org_Opana_AddictedIt should be well known that the United States is in the midst of an opioid epidemic. In fact, in 2014, there were about 4.3 million people who were nonmedical users of narcotic pain relievers; a number that grows larger every year. Prescription opioids continue to threaten society with overdose, withdrawal symptoms, and death tolls.

The withdrawal symptoms of Opana are part of the reason that 1,000 patients check into emergency rooms every day for opioid misuse. These symptoms can be both daunting and dangerous to try to beat alone.

Prescribed as a painkiller, Opana hasn’t been around very long, but in the last decade, it has been the underlying factor for serious health issues like HIV and Hepatitis C.

What Is Opana?

DrugRehab.org_Opana_emergencyOpana is a semi synthetic opioid that works on a the part of the brain responsible for pain as well as pleasure. For most people, it’s the effect that Opana on the nucleus accumbens (or pleasure center) that makes them want to keep using it.

Opioid abuse can result in dangerous side-effects, physical dependence, and withdrawals that can make it more difficult to stop using it.

Opana belongs to a class of drugs known as oxymorphone and is similar to OxyContin and other potent opioids. Generally it’s used to treat moderate to severe pain. Opana is classified as a Schedule II drug because of its great potential for abuse, dependence, and diversion.

How Do People Abuse Opana?

The most common and riskiest way to abuse Opana is to inject it, but the drug could also be administered intranasally or taken orally as well. An individual might even take part in other risky behaviors such as mixing Opana with alcohol, or other drugs.

“Taking broken, chewed, dissolved, or crushed Opana ER Tablets leads to rapid release and absorption of a potentially fatal dose of oxymorphone” (U.S. National Library of Medicine).

Opana Withdrawal Symptoms

When someone who is suffering from Opana dependence stops taking them abruptly, they may experience these withdrawal symptoms:

  • Restlessness
  • Watery eyes
  • Runny nose yawning
  • Sweating
  • Chills
  • Muscle, joint, or back pain
  • Enlarged pupils (black circles in the centers of the eyes)
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Weakness
  • Stomach cramps
  • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fast breathing

Even though not everybody will have the same experience with Opana, it’s vital to recognize that opioid withdrawal symptoms can be serious. For some people, withdrawal symptoms can result in permanent brain damage. For others these symptoms can be avoided by decreasing a dose gradually.

Treatment For Opana Addiction

The fact of the matter is that for a person who suffers from a opioid use disorder, addiction, or dual diagnosis, quitting Opana usually requires more than gradual reduction of dosage.

So what do they do? For some, a Medication-Assisted Treatment of buprenorphine can help with the most painful withdrawals and detoxification while treating the physical addiction.

DrugRehab.org_Opana_SymptomsOnce a person successfully completes the detoxification process, a behavioral treatment program can treat the mental addiction. Even though most people feel blissful after detoxification, as if a major weight has been lifted, it does not fix the whole problem. It’s crucial not to overlook treatment of the mental addiction, because of the potential complications that can arise.

From the U.S. National Library of Medicine:“The biggest complication is returning to drug use. Most opiate overdose deaths occur in people who have just detoxed. Withdrawal reduces the person’s tolerance to the drug, so those who have just gone through withdrawal can overdose on a much smaller dose than they used to take.”

A behavioral therapy at inpatient treatment can include anything from Individual to Group therapy, Mindfulness and Stress Management, Motivational Interviewing, Religious or Nonreligious Therapy, or Contingency Management. Over the past several decades Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) have become the gold standards for addiction treatment.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) can help a person see that their negative thinking and unhealthy behaviors may have fueled their addiction, but also things they have control over. CBT helps a person to recognize their unhealthy behaviors and use newly learned behaviors outside of treatment to avoid a relapse.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a treatment modality that works by creating a controlled environment to overcome addiction and regulate emotions. DBT is intended to continue working a person’s everyday life after rehab through mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness.

Get Help For An Opana Addiction Today

Contact a DrugRehab.org treatment specialist if you are struggling with an addiction to Opana or other opioids. We can help you find a treatment program that fits your individual needs. All calls are 100 percent confidential.

For more information, call now!

For More Information Related to “Opana Withdrawal Symptoms” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

Heroin and Opioid Addiction Statistics

Prescription Drug Overdose Symptoms

Understanding A Heroin Use Disorder

What Is A Relapse Prevention Plan?

Social Learning Theory Of Addiction Treatment

 


Sources

Center for Disease Control and Prevention – Prescription Opioid Overdose Data
National Public Radio – Dangers of Opana Opioid Painkiller Outweigh Benefits
U.S. National Library of Medicine – Opana

What is an Alcohol Use Disorder?

DrugRehab.org What is an Alcohol Use Disorder-

Alcohol is one of the most widely abused drugs across the globe. With an estimated 16 million people in the United States alone suffering from alcohol use disorder, it comes as no surprise that alcohol abuse and alcoholism are so common.

As a legal and easily accessible drug, alcohol can be a difficult drug to say no to. Determining what an appropriate or healthy amount of alcohol to consume can be difficult. It is so socially accepted that many people may suffer from an alcohol use disorder without even realizing it.

What Is Alcohol Use Disorder?

An alcohol use disorder is generally defined as a disease that causes lack of control and compulsiveness associated with drinking alcohol. While there are many levels of severity to this disease, alcohol use disorder can worsen quickly, leading to alcoholism and alcohol dependency.

To determine if a loved one is suffering from an alcohol use disorder, it is first important to understand what defines an alcohol use disorder. While there are many ways that an alcohol use disorder can present itself in a person, often times the foundation of the problem is rooted in an individual’s behavior surrounding the consumption of alcohol.

DrugRehab.org What is an Alcohol Use Disorder- Alcohol Use Disorder

Individuals who suffer from an alcohol use disorder tend to take unnecessary and sometimes dangerous risks while drinking. Those who make risky decisions while they are drunk or after the consumption of alcohol can often point to signs of an alcohol use disorder. These risky decisions can include:

  • Driving while under the influence of alcohol
  • Participating in unsafe sex, such as random partners or not using protection
  • Participating in unlawful activities, such as theft
  • Demonstrating excessive aggression while drinking, such as getting into a fight at a bar
  • Drinking to the point of passing out, or putting yourself at risk for alcohol poisoning
  • Mixing alcohol with other drugs
  • Going to work or school while under the influence of alcohol

Alcohol use disorders can also be apparent when an individual neglects some aspects of their typical routine or day-to-day life. One example of this could be missing an important assignment for school in order to go out and drink or being late or absent to work due to a bad hangover. Often times when responsibilities are missed or ignored, it can be a telltale sign of alcohol use disorder.

Signs Of An Alcohol Use Disorder

If you suspect a loved one may suffer from alcohol use disorder, or if you believe you may have some symptoms of alcohol use disorder, there are some signs to look for.

Signs of an alcohol use disorder include:

  • Inability to control the amount or frequency of alcohol consumed
  • Lying to friends or family about the amount or frequency of alcohol consumed
  • Continuing to drink despite negative consequences such as lost friendships or financial difficulties
  • Demonstrating withdrawal symptoms after periods of not drinking
  • No longer interested in activities or hobbies that don’t include drinking or the consumption of alcohol
  • Getting into dangerous or risky situations because of drinking (for example, committing a crime or participating in unsafe sex)
  • Have attempted to cut back or stop drinking in the past but could not
  • Experiencing intense cravings for alcohol or drunkenness
  • Feelings of depression or anxiety when not drinking

If you have experienced these symptoms in the past, it is possible you suffer from an alcohol use disorder. It is important to be honest with yourself when considering your relationship with alcohol, as it can be easy to lie about the amount of alcohol you consume or your actions surrounding the consumption of alcohol.

Alcohol Use Disorders vs Alcoholism

While both alcohol use disorders and alcoholism can both lead to devastating results, they are two different diseases. In simple terms, alcoholism is far more severe than most cases of alcohol use disorders. Often times an alcohol use disorder is a disease that can turn into alcoholism when left untreated.

Alcoholism is considered a severe and debilitating disease, and with good cause. This severity of alcohol use disorder leaves individuals with a form of alcohol dependence that is completely dominant over their lives. Someone who suffers from alcoholism often has little or no control over the frequency or volume of alcohol they are consuming. These individuals are not blind to the negative consequences happening as a result of their disease, however they do not have the power to overcome their own cravings. Ignoring financial, social, and professional implications of their drinking habits is not uncommon for someone suffering from alcoholism, as they cannot control their own urges.

DrugRehab.org What is an Alcohol Use Disorder- Be Honest With Yourself

An alcohol use disorder is still very dangerous, although it is not as severe as alcoholism. The cravings, habits, and risky behaviors often associated with alcohol use disorder can make those individuals especially prone to alcoholism. Individuals suffering from alcohol use disorders may also find themselves with the same broken relationships, lost jobs, and legal issues that those suffering from full alcoholism may also struggle with.

The good news is with an AUD there is still a good opportunity to try to overcome some of the cravings and other symptoms associated with the disease. Even making simple life changes, such as choosing activities and hobbies that have no association with drinking can help distance the relationship you have with alcohol. Distancing yourself from alcohol can also help you associate other sober activities with positive experiences. Making some of these simple changes can help put you back in charge of your life, giving you a better chance of standing up to the cravings when they hit again.

Treatment For Alcohol Use Disorders

There are many steps that you can take in your own life to distance yourself from alcohol, such as the ones mentioned above. Surrounding yourself with people and activities that are not associated with alcohol can enrich your life with sobriety and new experiences. Exercising your own power over cravings for alcohol is important, and can also help you to realize just how significant of a role alcohol plays in your life.

It is, however, equally as important to be honest with yourself when you have lost some of that power over your cravings for alcohol. If you have reached a point where you begin to cancel on plans that do not involve drinking for ones that do, or if you choose to hang out with the bar crowd over your sober crowd, then it may be time for some professional help.

Professional help is essential when it comes to diagnosing and treating some cases of alcohol use disorder. Therapists and counselors who are specifically trained to treat clients with alcohol use disorder are accessible through many addiction treatment programs. These professionals can help address both the physical dependency of alcohol use disorder as well as the psychological and mental symptoms of the disease. In treating all aspects of an alcohol use disorder, clients are more likely to have a successful recovery and less likely to suffer from a relapse in the future.

Get Help For An Alcohol Use Disorder Today

If you are interested in the treatment mentioned above for yourself or for a loved one, we are able to help you find a program that fits your needs. Our addiction treatment specialists are available 24/7 to talk with you about your program options. Your call is always confidential. Contact a treatment specialist today to learn more.

If you or a loved one is battling methamphetamine abuse or addiction, contact us now!

For More Information Related to “What is an Alcohol Use Disorder?” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

Medications To Manage Alcohol Withdrawal

Seizures from Alcohol Withdrawal

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System?

The Dangers of Alcohol Withdrawal

What is Alcoholic Hepatitis?

 

 


Sources

Drug and Alcohol Dependence (journal) – The Alcohol Use Disorder And Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule
JAMA Network – Prevalence and Co-occurrence of Substance Use Disorders and IndependentMood and Anxiety Disorders
National Institute of Health – Alcohol Use Disorders

Teen Cocaine Use More Harmful Than Adult Use

DrugRehab.org Teen Cocaine Use More Harmful Than Adult Use

Cocaine impacts people differently, but it can actually be more harmful to teenagers than it is for adults, simply put. Cocaine addiction can be hard for family members as well. In a study by the University of São Paulo’s Medical School (FM-USP), in Brazil, researchers discovered that cocaine abuse in teenagers results in deficits of sustained attention, working memory, and declarative memory.

With the multidisciplinary treatment approach offered at an inpatient rehab center, both teens and adults can overcome cocaine addiction, and return to living a normal life.

Why Do Teenagers Use Cocaine?

Cocaine is a white powder that’s manufactured from the leaves of the coca plant, which is native to South America. It’s a central nervous system stimulant, that’s often snorted, or mixed with a liquid and injected into the bloodstream. Cocaine can also be free based or smoked as crack. The majority of teens who try cocaine for the first time will snort it.

DrugRehab.org Teen Cocaine Use More Harmful Than Adult Use 6,784 Deaths In The United States

Where did it all begin? In the late 1800s, cocaine has been impacting society. But it got a lot worse in the 1970s and 1980s, when cocaine use became more of a trend among college students.

Why Do Teens Try Cocaine?

Psychology Today described teenage rebellion as a part of adolescent growth, stating that “it can cause them to experiment with high-risk excitement.” In this respect, cocaine might be deemed attractive, or mischievous because of the risk involved. Cocaine might also be viewed as something that rich and famous people do, but parents scorn. To a teenager, someone using cocaine might seem cool with their lingo, sex-appeal or expendable money.

What’s worse is that cocaine is also highly addictive, and also potentially lethal. Actually in 2015, cocaine was the cause of 6,784 deaths in the United States (National Institute on Drug Abuse).

Cocaine isn’t always called by name; it has nicknames or “street lingo.” Here are some of the most widely used terms for cocaine in the United States:

  • Candy
  • Blow
  • Snow
  • White
  • Powder
  • Toot
  • Coke
  • Yayo
  • Line
  • Rail
  • Base
  • Flake

Taking a closer look into a cocaine addiction reveals that it’s a lot less glamorous than it appears at first glance. Cocaine addiction can result in permanent brain damage, nasal damage, cardiovascular damage, or even spending time in a federal prison. According to the National Library of Medicine, cocaine abuse also comes with a risk of diseases like HIV and hepatitis from having unprotected sex and sharing needles.

What Are The Effects Of Cocaine On Teen Brain Development?

Cocaine gives a person a rush of happiness, numbness, or alertness. It gives them energy; so much that it may keep them awake all night. As it wears off, cocaine causes a crash, and can make that person feel irritable, hostile, and paranoid—which is what happens when the brain stops naturally producing dopamine. Teens might start using cocaine to fit in, seem cool, or rebel, but in the process they’re actually causing serious damage to their brain.

Scientists used to think that the human brain stopped developing in the teenage years. In recent years, however, it was established that the brain continues growing until well into a person’s twenties. Teenagers using cocaine are at a greater risk than adults for shortfalls in cognitive development in memory, and attention.

“Adolescence is considered one of the key stages of brain development when surplus synapses are eliminated and the structures essential to adulthood are selected and refined. Drug use in this stage can impair the brain programming process and lead to the loss of important connections,” said Paulo Jannuzzi Cunha, a professor at FM-USP.

DrugRehab.org Teen Cocaine Use More Harmful Than Adult Use Can Change The Structure

Through their research, scientists at FM-USP found the main difference between teenagers and and adults who use cocaine was their attention span, and ability to perform more than one task at a time. In essence cocaine can change the structure of a teenager’s brain, the prefrontal cortex, and how it works.

Yale University has done similar studies to show that when a teenager first experiments with cocaine, “their brain launches a strong defensive reaction designed to minimize the drug’s effect… vulnerability to cocaine is much higher in adolescence, when the brain is shifting from an explosive and plastic growth phase to more settled and refined neural connections characteristic of adults.”

So what happens is the teenage brain actually changes the shape of it’s cells. This defensive reaction is controlled by a certain pathway in the brain involving integrin beta, which is a crucial gene involved in the development of the nervous system in humans.

When a teenager uses cocaine, the changes it makes to their brain can alter the rest of their life. These changes involve behavioral, developmental, and cognitive growth impairment. If one should become addicted to cocaine, the drug not only has potential to damage the brain, but can also result in heart attack, and stroke.

How Can I Tell If A Teenager Is Using Cocaine?

It may come as a surprise that in 2014, there were 1.5 million people 12 and older using cocaine (NIDA). As parents, it can be difficult to believe, or realize that your child is using drugs. Most teenagers aren’t going to come home and tell their parents that they’re using cocaine. It can help to know what to look for. By understanding that addiction is a chronic disease; that someone addicted to cocaine is suffering from a mental obsession to use the drug. They might not be able to stop without help.

The signs of cocaine abuse and addiction are presented through nearly every aspect of a person’s life, and can include financial, behavioral, physical, and social problems.

At an inpatient rehab, the professionals not only understand what addiction looks like, but that it requires a treatment that will cover every aspect. If your loved one is having a hard time quitting cocaine, they may benefit from the comprehensive care, and education offered at rehab.

Treating Cocaine Addiction With A Multidisciplinary Approach

Teens are at a greater risk of developing a cocaine use disorder, which includes addiction.
In a normal brain the neurotransmitter dopamine is released into the reward pathway, when that person does something they enjoy. Then after the activity, the dopamine goes back into the cell that it came from.

When someone uses cocaine, the drug causes a flood of dopamine into their brain, and prevents it from recycling the neurotransmitter. The flood of dopamine is what makes a person feel high when they use cocaine.

When a person uses cocaine repeatedly, their brain may stop producing this dopamine naturally, which makes it nearly impossible to feel pleasure from normal activities. Further use causes them to develop a tolerance to the drug, where they need more of it to feel the same effect. After that, a lot of teens (and adults) become dependent and addicted to cocaine. Now they may need the drug to feel normal, whereas before it was just for a good time.

DrugRehab.org Teen Cocaine Use More Harmful Than Adult Use Typical Age-Related Pattern

“The typical age-related pattern of drug use involves experimentation in the late teens and early 20s, so those who experiment before these typical times are the most at risk” for developing substance use disorders and addiction (NLM).

In the study by FM-USP, scientists found that those with severe cognitive deficits from cocaine abuse or addiction needed an intense multidisciplinary treatment approach to recover. This means that the treatment professionals are able to work against the addiction from several fields. Some of the methods included in multidisciplinary treatment include:

  • Behavioral therapy and behavior modification
  • Individual and group counseling
  • Physical activities
  • Pain management
  • Social skills training
  • Adventure or Wilderness therapy
  • Nutrition counseling
  • Stress reduction
  • Alternative therapy such as yoga, acupuncture or massage
  • Vocational training
  • Family or relationship counseling and therapy
  • Support groups
  • Relapse prevention and aftercare

Teens Can Overcome Cocaine Abuse With The Right Treatment

If you suspect that your teen is using cocaine it is important to intervene and get them the help they need right away. Contact one of the treatment specialists at DrugRehab.org today for more information.

If you or a loved one is battling methamphetamine abuse or addiction, contact us now!

For More Information Related to “Teen Cocaine Use More Harmful Than Adult Use” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

How Long Does Cocaine Stay In Your System?

What is the Difference Between Cocaine and Crack?

Cocaine Use And Depression

Difference Between Amphetamines And Cocaine

Signs of Speedball (Heroin with Cocaine) Use

 


Sources

National Institute on Drug Abuse – Overdose Death Rates
National Institute on Drug Abuse – What is the scope of cocaine use in the United States?
National Library of Medicine – Are adolescents more vulnerable to drug addiction than adults?
National Library of Medicine – Cocaine
NIDA for Teens – Cocaine and the Teen Brain
Yale University – Cocaine and the Teen Brain: Yale offers insights into addiction

The Dangers Of “Skin-Popping” Drugs

“Skin-Popping” Drugs

Along with intravenous injection, drugs like cocaine, steroids and heroin can be intradermally, subcutaneously and intramuscularly injected—also known as “skin-popping.” These types of drug injections can lead to health problems, euphoria, overdose, and amputations. Drug rehab centers can help a person safely begin recovery and stop abusing drugs.

Skin-popping is a method used to inject illicit substances like heroin and other opiates, cocaine, anabolic steroids, barbiturates, and some medications. Over the years, methods for using drugs have become more effective and easier. Skin-popping may be an easy method, but is just as dangerous as any other method and has potential to lead to serious skin conditions and other health complications.

What Is Skin-Popping?

Skin-popping is also known as subcutaneous or intradermal injection. It’s a preferred method of using black tar heroin, cocaine, and anabolic steroids. Intradermal injection is the introduction of a drug between the skin and fat just below the surface, and subcutaneous is injection of a drug into the tissue layers just beneath the layers of skin. A drug doesn’t work as quickly through intradermal or subcutaneous injection as it does from injecting it into the veins, directly into the bloodstream.

Why Skin-Popping?

There are a lot of reasons that people prefer not to inject chemicals directly into their veins. “For some, trying to hit a vein gets so frustrating that they just give up and shoot anywhere they can. Some do it because drugs absorb more slowly this way. Muscling and skin-popping give you less of a ‘rush,’ but the effects of the drug may last longer” (Public Health Seattle and King County).

“Skin-Popping” Drugs_Intradermal Injection

People will also switch to skin-popping if frequent intravenous injections have led to hardened or scarred skin and the veins are no longer easily accessible. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), the most frequently used sites for injection are “the neck, supraclavicular region and the thorax.”

Some addicted individuals may be at the point that they aren’t so concerned about the rush, but more about the withdrawal that comes when they stop using the drugs.

Most Frequently Injected Drugs

The substances most commonly used for intradermal and subcutaneous injection are heroin and other opiates, cocaine, anabolic steroids, and sometimes barbiturates. Some of these substances are more dangerous and more addictive than others, but neither intravenous, nor intradermal, nor intramuscular injection is considered a safe alternative to use them.

“All three have serious risks. All three put you at great risk for blood-borne infections like HIV and Hepatitis B and C. Although muscling and skin-popping may cause more abscesses and skin infections, shooting into a vein may be more likely to cause serious long-term illnesses like endocarditis (heart valve infection)” (Public Health Seattle and King County).

Intradermal And Subcutaneous Substance Abuse

Intradermal means “within the skin” and subcutaneous means “under the skin.” In either case, they’re types of skin-popping, and can lead to different health problems and skin conditions. Subcutaneous injection goes deeper than intradermal but not as deep as intramuscular. More specifically, subcutaneous injections are inserted into a layer of skin just before the muscle.

Intradermally Injecting Cocaine

Cocaine is a stimulant that has a serious impact on a person’s nervous system and heart. When injecting cocaine, the drug goes directly into the bloodstream. This not only intensifies the euphoria, but also the health consequences.

“Skin-Popping” Drugs_Cocaine Abuse

Intradermal cocaine abuse is actually associated with Fournier’s gangrene. Further, “cocaine abuse is associated with a number of medical complications, most notably arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, and cerebral hemorrhage” (NLM).

Intradermally Injecting Opiates

Opiates like oxycodone, morphine, and heroin are the most commonly injected drugs and, like cocaine, they can lead to a lot of negative consequences. Opiates are classified as central nervous system depressants that cause a person to feel an intense euphoria, drowsiness, disorientation, and numbness. Heroin takes longer to reach the bloodstream through intradermal injection, so a person may use more of it to achieve a more intense high—increasing their chance of overdose.

Is Heroin More Addictive When Injected?

Some people believe that heroin isn’t as addictive when it’s snorted or used by skin-popping. This is not true. The drug is highly addictive no matter how it’s abused. The biggest difference between intravenous, intramuscular, intradermal, and nasal administration is the amount of time it takes for the substance to reach the brain.

“Skin-Popping” Drugs_Skin-Popping Effects

According to the Center For Substance Abuse Research (CESAR), “intravenous injection provides the greatest intensity and most rapid onset of effects, as users can feel peak effects after 7 to 8 seconds. Intramuscular injection produces the euphoric high within 5 to 8 minutes, and when the drug is sniffed or smoked, effects are felt within 10 to 15 minutes.”

Heroin Overdose Statistics

CESAR goes on to describe the some of the side-effects of heroin by stating, “overdosing is a very real danger for heroin users. It is far more common than one might expect; a 2001 study in Australia concluded that 54% of regular injecting drug users reported experiencing at least one non-fatal overdose in their lifetime.”

Heroin overdose can include one or more of the following side effects:

  • Extremely slow and shallow breathing
  • Convulsions
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Confusion
  • Blue lips
  • Weak pulse
  • Low blood pressure
  • Uncontrollable muscle spasms
  • Disorientation
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Stopped breathing
  • Coma

If someone is overdosing, they need to be taken to the hospital immediately. An overdose can be fatal.

Intramuscularly Injecting Anabolic Steroids

Anabolic steroids are the drugs most commonly abused by intramuscular injection, or muscling. Muscling occurs when a person injects a substance into the muscle instead of the vein, usually in the upper arms or legs. This method is commonly used in medicine for oral/dental surgeries, for substances that irritate the veins, or because a vein can’t be found. No matter which method is used for injecting, it can lead to abscesses, lesions, and tissue scarring.

Skin-Popping Abscesses, Lesions, And Scars

As substance abuse continues, the areas of injection become scarred, and lesions or abscesses start to form. When the body becomes infected, the immune system sends white blood cells to fight the infection. These injured sites become callused scar tissue over time.

“Skin-Popping” Drugs_Skin-Popping Scars

“Scars are most commonly found on dorsal hands, digits, wrist, forearms, and lower extremities” (VisualDx). These scars and abscesses can last for life, and can show up years after a person stops.

Dangers And Complications Of Skin-Popping And Muscling

From Public Health Seattle And King County, “muscling and skin-popping allow germs to ‘sit’ inside muscle and fat tissue or under the skin. These are great places for abscesses and other infections to brew. Infections in these areas can be very serious. They can also spread to the blood, bones, heart and other places in the body. Some of the worst infections include wound botulism, tetanus (also called “lockjaw”) and necrotizing fasciitis (‘flesh eating disease’). If not treated quickly, these and other infections can become life-threatening and result in death.”

Treatment And Therapy For Addiction

Some people might continue abusing injectable substances to avoid painful withdrawal and intense cravings. Through a medically-supervised detoxification, these withdrawals and cravings can be managed through a healthy and natural process. After detox, addiction specialists, therapists, or psychologists can help patients better understand addiction, emotions, and behaviors.

Some of the most effective addiction treatment programs are:

Finding The Right Treatment For You

If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction, we understand what you’re going through. We want to help you on your road to recovery. Contact us today to speak to one of our kind, caring professionals about skin-popping and rehab treatment.

If you or a loved one are struggling with an OxyContin or prescription drug addiction, contact us now!

For More Information Related to “The Dangers Of “Skin-Popping” Drugs” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

Sepsis From Intravenous (IV) Drug Use

Cotton Fever From IV Drug Use

Cellulitis From Intravenous (IV) Drug Use

Recovery Solutions: Hepatitis C Treatment For Former IV Drug Use

Understanding A Needle Fixation

 


Sources

Center For Substance Abuse Research—Heroin
Public Health Seattle And King County—Muscling and Skin Popping
U.S. National Library Of Medicine—Fournier’s gangrene associated with intradermal injection of cocaine
U.S. National Library Of Medicine—Pneumothorax: A Complication of ‘Skin Popping’
VisualDx—Skin Popping Substance Abuse

The Dangers Of Subcutaneous Drug Injection

Subcutaneous Drug Injection_

Subcutaneous injection means “under the skin,” and is a method used in clinical settings to inject insulin, Morphine, diacetylmorphine, and goserelin. Heroin, other opioids, cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamine, and various other medications can all be abused by subcutaneous injection. It can lead to skin infections and viruses as well.

A person abusing drugs by subcutaneous injection may be at great risk of contracting skin infections like abscesses, HIV, hepatitis C, and other immunodeficiency diseases. A rehab treatment program may be able to help you avoid these risks, quit abusing drugs, and beat addiction.

Understanding Subcutaneous Injection

Over the years, substance abuse methods have changed, and a lot of people have switched to faster routes of administration for drugs like heroin or cocaine. Subcutaneous injection is sometimes referred to as “skin-popping,” which is using a hypodermic needle to inject a substance between the dermis layer of skin and muscle tissues.

This method is commonly used in medicine for insulin, but there are some reasons that a person might subcutaneously inject illicit drugs as well. For instance, some might skin-pop because they can’t find a vein, or because taking a medication orally defeats the purpose if the stomach enzymes will destroy it.

Subcutaneous Drug Injection_PHSKC

Additionally “some do it because drugs absorb more slowly this way. “Muscling and skin-popping give you less of a ‘rush,’ but the effects of the drug may last longer,” according to Public Health Seattle and King County (PHSKC).

What Are The Most Commonly Injected Drugs?

In the world of substance abuse and addiction, any substance that’s water soluble can be injected. The majority of people who inject drugs do so intravenously. However, if they’ve missed a vein or prefer not to shoot up into their veins they may resort to “skin-popping.”

Gloria J Baciewicz, M.D. of Medscape said, “the most commonly injected drug is heroin, but amphetamines, buprenorphine, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, cocaine, and methamphetamine also are injected.” She continues, “treatment of individuals who use injection drugs may be complicated by social and political barriers to treatment and by a lack of resources for public health approaches to treatment.”

Dangers Of Injecting Heroin And Other Opioids

Injecting heroin into the veins is the fastest route of getting the substance into the bloodstream, central nervous system, and brain. With a subcutaneous route, the opioids linger for minutes longer before arriving into the bloodstream. The rush a person experiences isn’t as intense, and it will stay in the system for longer. This delay often leaves room for further health complications and infections.

As stated by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), “people who inject drugs such as heroin are at high risk of contracting the HIV and hepatitis C virus. These diseases are transmitted through contact with blood or other bodily fluids, which can occur when sharing needles or other injection drug use equipment.”

Dangers Of Injecting Cocaine

The euphoria produced from injecting cocaine occurs much faster than snorting it, and even though it doesn’t last as long, it can easily put a person in harm’s way.

Subcutaneous Drug Injection_Gauge SizesJust like heroin, injecting cocaine can put a person at “higher risk for contracting HIV, hepatitis C, and other bloodborne diseases. However, even people involved with non-needle cocaine use place themselves at a risk for HIV because cocaine impairs judgment, which can lead to risky sexual behavior with infected partners” (NIDA).

Not only does subcutaneous cocaine abuse have potential to lead to immunodeficiency diseases, it has also been proven to actually speed up the HIV infection. Based on the research by the NIDA, this is because “cocaine impairs immune cell function and promotes reproduction of the HIV virus. People who use cocaine and are infected with HIV also increase their risk for co-infection with hepatitis C, a virus that affects the liver.”

Dangers Of Injecting Anabolic Steroids

Although anabolic steroids don’t cause the same euphoria and rush as cocaine or heroin, they can still be dangerous. Steroids are one of the most frequently injected drugs. Even though the most common route is intramuscular, steroids can be abused through subcutaneous routes as well.

Some of the consequences of abusing anabolic steroids are as follows:

  • Short-term effects such as mental problems, and extreme mood swings, including “roid rage”—angry feelings and behavior that may lead to violence.
  • Continued steroid abuse can act on some of the same brain pathways and chemicals—including dopamine, serotonin, and opioid systems—that are affected by other drugs.
  • Long-term, even permanent, health problems, including effects which are gender- and age-specific.
  • Increased risk of contracting or transmitting HIV/AIDS or hepatitis.
  • Risk of developing addiction

Dangers Of Injecting Barbiturates

Barbiturates are central nervous system depressants similar to benzodiazepines, sleeping pills, tranquilizers, and alcohol that produce euphoria. They’re commonly used in veterinary practices to sedate or treat epileptic animals, but they can be abused by snorting, injecting, purchasing them illegally, or taking a prescription that isn’t yours.

“Barbiturates are generally abused to reduce anxiety, decrease inhibitions, and treat unwanted effects of illicit substances. Barbiturates can be extremely dangerous because overdoses can occur easily and lead to death” reports the Department of Developmental Services.

Regular abuse of barbiturates is more likely to build up a person’s tolerance, and cause them to need more of the drug to get the same effect. Tolerance puts people at greater risk of overdose, another risk-factor that’s increased by subcutaneous abuse.

Other Risks

Sharing or using dirty or contaminated needles is extremely dangerous and can put a person at a greater risk of HIV, tetanus, and hepatitis C. It can also lead to skin conditions like abscesses, lesions, or Cellulitis—or even necrotizing fasciitis, wound botulism, and gas gangrene.

One of the biggest risks with subcutaneous injection is that it allows “germs to ‘sit’ inside muscle and fat tissue or under the skin. These are great places for abscesses and other infections to brew. Infections in these areas can be very serious. They can also spread to the blood, bones, heart and other places in the body,” states PHSKC.

What Are Abscesses, Lesions, and Cellulitis?

Abscesses can happen anywhere in the body, but most commonly form in the mouth, on the skin, and under the skin. They “occur when an area of tissue becomes infected and the body’s immune system tries to fight it. White blood cells (WBCs) move through the walls of the blood vessels into the area of the infection and collect in the damaged tissue. During this process, pus forms,” the U.S. National Library of Medicine explains.

Subcutaneous Drug Injection_DangersLesions are hardened, callused tissue. With long-term subcutaneous injection, scar tissue and lesions form at the site the needle enters. They are defined by the National Cancer Institute as “an area of abnormal tissue. A lesion may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).”

Cellulitis is “an infection of the skin and deep underlying tissues. Group A strep (streptococcal) bacteria are the most common cause. The bacteria enter your body when you get an injury such as a bruise, burn, surgical cut, or wound,” according to the NLM.

Long-Term Health Risks Of Injecting Drugs

There are a wide range of risks associated with injecting drugs, but some of the most vital organs are severely affected. The organs damaged are the dermis, heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, central nervous system, and brain.

How To Help If Someone Is Injecting Drugs

A common sign of drug abuse by injection is spots on the skin where the needle went in. A person who injects drugs may also spend a lot of time alone, or frequently become irritable.

If somebody you care about is battling a substance use disorder, you may be able to help them by conducting an intervention. Interventions are led by qualified professionals who have experience conducting them.

Addiction Prevention And Treatment

It can be hard to overcome addiction, but it’s possible. Sometimes all it takes is the right treatment to start the process. Behavioral therapy and other treatment programs can help a person overcome addiction and embark on the road to recovery.

Some of the frequently implemented and most successful treatments are detoxification, dialectical behavior therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, contingency management, group therapy, and aftercare support.

Finding The Best Rehab Center

There are a lot of diseases out there, and not all of them have cures, but you can treat addiction and enter recovery. We want to help you recover from addiction.

If you or someone you love is battling addiction, contact a caring, friendly specialist at Drugrehab.org. You can find out more about subcutaneous drug injection, addiction treatment programs, and how to begin recovery.

If you or a loved one are struggling with an OxyContin or prescription drug addiction, contact us now!

For More Information Related to “The Dangers Of Subcutaneous Drug Injection” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

 


Sources

Department of Developmental Services—Barbiturates
Medscape—Injecting Drug Use
National Cancer Institute—Dictionary of Cancer Terms
National Institute on Drug Abuse—Anabolic Steroids, Cocaine, Heroin
Public Health Seattle and King County—Muscling and Skin Popping
U.S. National Library of Medicine—Abscess, Cellulitis

5 Signs Of Methamphetamine Abuse

Signs of Methamphetamine Abuse_

Determining if someone’s abusing methamphetamine can be difficult if you don’t know what to look for. Signs of methamphetamine abuse may include behavioral, paraphernalia, physical, financial, and social changes.

What Is Methamphetamine?

Methamphetamine (meth) is a highly addictive, man-made stimulant that commonly appears as a white powder, pill, or glass-like substance referred to as crystal meth. Meth has several street names including chalk, speed, tina, crank, fire, glass, go fast, and ice. Though it’s chemically similar to amphetamine, greater amounts of meth get into the brain, making it a more potent stimulant, as reported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

Signs of Methamphetamine Abuse_Signs

Some of the most popular ways to abuse meth are to swallow, snort, inject, and smoke it. Long-term meth abuse can cause irreversible physical and emotional damage, and overdose can result in death. If you find out your loved one is abusing methamphetamine, it’s important to seek help. The following are five signs of methamphetamine abuse.

1. Behavioral Signs Of Methamphetamine Abuse

Methamphetamine can cause unusual behaviors like hyperactivity, euphoria, decreased appetite, paranoia, delusion, and increased energy or alertness. It’s also extremely difficult to sleep while on methamphetamine, and a meth binge can keep someone up for days.

The withdrawal symptoms when a person stops using the drug can cause insomnia, irritability, depression, anxiety, shaking, or fatigue.

Methamphetamine is also chemically similar to dopamine, and can make a person feel pleasure from the drug that can last all day. When the meth wears off, a person usually experiences a crash. According to NIDA for Teachers, “even small amounts of methamphetamine can cause a person to be more awake and active, lose their appetite, and become irritable and aggressive.”

Methamphetamine can also cause an overdose, which can lead to seizures, coma, and death. There are two types of meth overdose—acute and chronic, which are defined by the National Library of Medicine:

“An acute methamphetamine overdose occurs when someone takes this drug by accident or on purpose and has side effects. These side effects can be life-threatening. A chronic methamphetamine overdose refers to the health effects in someone who uses the drug on a regular basis.”

2. Paraphernalia Signs Of Methamphetamine Abuse

Methamphetamine abuse requires the use of paraphernalia, and other objects needed for abuse of the drug. To someone less familiar with the drug, these may seem strange or foreign.

Types of drug paraphernalia can include:

  • Needles or syringes
  • Aluminum foil
  • Sandwich baggies with drug remnants
  • Burnt metal spoons
  • Light bulb used for smoking drug
  • Straws
  • Rolled-up dollar bills
  • Tubes
  • Smoking pipes
  • Unexplained chemicals

Methamphetamine can be created in home labs using hazardous materials, as well as chemicals, that typically create an excessive amount of waste and byproduct. Methamphetamine ingredients may include alcohol, benzene, ether, red phosphorous, iodine, acetone, paint thinner, camp stove fuel, heet, ammonia, lye, drano, hydrochloric acid, propane cylinders, ephedrine, bronchodilators, and battery acid.

If you believe someone is conducting a meth lab, do not try to take the situation into your own hands, and don’t touch anything. To avoid serious injury and violence, it’s absolutely vital to contact authorities.

Signs of Methamphetamine Abuse_Small Amounts

3. Physical Signs Of Methamphetamine Abuse

If your loved one has been abusing methamphetamine, they may start to show adverse physical changes. The physical signs of methamphetamine abuse can be pretty obvious, and may start with dilated pupils, droopy or twitching eyes, and excessive weight loss.

As a person continues abusing meth, they may experience further problems, including:

  • Tooth decay (meth mouth)
  • Frequent nose bleeds
  • Chest pain
  • Track marks
  • Offensive body odors
  • Skin lesions—open sores from picking and scratching
  • Boils
  • Abscesses
  • Infections
  • Premature aging

Some long-term health consequences of meth abuse may include

  • Hypertension
  • Destruction of muscles
  • Kidney or liver failure
  • Tachycardia
  • Major mood swings
  • Extreme paranoia
  • Heart attack
  • Hyperthermia
  • Bronchitis
  • Seizures

4. Financial Signs Of Methamphetamine Abuse

Abusing methamphetamine can cost a person more than their good health; it can cost them a small fortune. By comparison, meth is considered one of the cheaper drugs on the street, but still a person might spend all of their money to continue using the drug.

Signs of Methamphetamine Abuse_IngredientsSomeone with a meth problem may constantly need to borrow money to fund their habit, even if they have a job. Friends and family members will do what they can to help their loved one, but sometimes without realizing they may be enabling them. Teenagers and students get a lot of their spending cash from parents, so as parents, it can be important to have an idea where that money’s going.

Someone who’s suffering from an addiction to meth might not be able to pay back loans, pay medical bills, pay their rent and utilities, or pay for the general cost of living. Unfortunately, a person with a meth addiction may even resort to theft to pay for the drug.

5. Social Signs Of Methamphetamine Abuse

Methamphetamine abuse can also make a person extremely antisocial. Even when including themselves in social functions, a person suffering from methamphetamine abuse may not seem like themselves. It’s pretty common for someone with a meth addiction to push away old friends, and start hanging around those who are willing to accept their decision to use drugs.

If your friend or family member is struggling with an addiction to meth, please don’t give up on them. They need your love and support. But remember that you can be a friend to someone without giving them money, enabling, or accepting their drug addiction.

Sometimes the best thing you can do is turn the problem over to someone who better understands it—like the professionals at an addiction rehab center.

Find Treatment To Overcome Methamphetamine Abuse

If someone you love is battling an addiction to methamphetamine, contact us at DrugRehab.org. We can help you find the treatment you need to overcome methamphetamine. Your call will be completely confidential.

For more information on fentanyl abuse and addiciton, call now!

For More Information Related to “5 Signs Of Methamphetamine Abuse” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

 


Sources

National Institute on Drug Abuse—What is Methamphetamine?
National Library of Medicine —Methamphetamine Overdose
NIDA for Teachers—Mind Over Matter: Methamphetamine (Meth)
NIDA for Teens—Methamphetamine (Meth)

Signs Of A Barbiturate Overdose

Barbiturate Overdose_

Barbiturate drugs are prescribed to treat seizures, and in more limited instances, anxiety and insomnia. But, when abused, these drugs can cause addiction and overdose. First time and chronic users alike can overdose. Overdose can first resemble alcohol intoxication before progressing to more serious extremes, including respiratory depression, coma, and death. Roughly ten percent of barbiturate-related overdoses are fatal, most commonly from complications of the heart and lungs.

Barbiturate Overdose_10%Prescription drug abuse affects countless individuals and families across our nation. And sadly, in many cases these individuals actually abuse their own medications or get barbiturates from their family members or other loved ones. Some individuals may do this to self-medicate a physical or mental health condition, while others do so for recreational purposes. If you’re struggling with insomnia or anxiety this might seem like a quick fix. But regardless of why you initiate barbiturate abuse, you’re ingesting a drug which has a high potential for overdose.

How Do People Abuse Barbiturates?

Barbiturates are produced in capsule, tablet, and elixir forms. During abuse, whether it be self-medication or recreationally, many people continue to consume these drugs orally, but in larger and more frequent quantities. Recreational users may use barbiturates because they create feelings similar to being drunk or intoxicated on alcohol.

When a person is addicted, or even within patterns of abuse, they might decide to alter the form of the drug and administer it differently. This is because they hope to enhance or quicken the drug’s effects. These methods may include smoking, snorting, rectally (“plugging”), or even by liquefying capsule or tablet forms and injecting it.

And in another attempt to alter or expedite the pleasurable effects, or to moderate ill effects of another drug, users often abuse barbiturates with alcohol or opiates. Mixing these drugs is not a harmless, fun time. All of these work upon your central nervous system (CNS) with depressant qualities, leading to what can be deadly results.

What Are Barbiturates?

Barbiturate drugs have sedative and hypnotic effects, which mean they can make you feel sleepy or very relaxed. This mechanism of action occurs due to the way this class of drugs decreases the rate of certain activity within your brain. These effects are also what makes them so appealing to drug abusers. Frequently abused barbiturates include (name brand is listed second):

  • Butabarbital (Butisol Sodium)
  • Phenobarbital (Luminal)
  • Pentobarbital (Nembutal)
  • Secobarbital (Seconal)

Barbiturate Overdose_DrunkEven prescribed use of these drugs changes the way your CNS functions, earning them the term CNS depressants. These effects are felt more profoundly within patterns of abuse and addiction.

As your CNS is depressed various systems within your body which are tasked with life-support begin to slow down or fall, including:

  • Blood pressure
  • Breathing rate (respiration)
  • Heart rate
  • Temperature

Severe levels of CNS depression are what initiate overdose. When too much of the drug is used these critical systems can even begin shutting down. The higher potential for overdose is why barbiturates are prescribed in smaller numbers than they were in the past. Now, benzodiazepines are largely used in their place, however these drugs also run the risk of addiction and overdose.

What Are The Signs Of Barbiturate Overdose?

What makes barbiturate abuse dangerous is how it resembles alcohol intoxication. This similarity can surface as an excuse or diversion for a barbiturate abuser. Barbiturate abusers might try to pin their abuse on alcohol or the casual observer might make this assumption on their own. Try to be mindful of this. If a person becomes suddenly drunk after having only one drink (especially if they’ve struggled with barbiturate abuse in the past) there may be cause for concern.

According to MedlinePlus signs of overdose include:

  • Becoming uncoordinated
  • Changes in speech (speaking slower or slurring words)
  • Coma
  • Difficulty maintaining consciousness
  • Feeling or moving sluggishly
  • Having trouble walking (staggering)
  • Intense drowsiness
  • Impaired judgment
  • Slow or shallow breathing
  • Struggling to think clearly

Many of these symptoms are also present in varying degrees during an intoxicated state. But beware, intoxication can quickly progress to full-fledged overdose. If you have the slightest concern that you’re going into overdose, or watching a loved one do so, call emergency medical services immediately. This prompt action could save a life.

Can A Barbiturate Overdose Be Deadly?

Yes. Again, nearly one in ten barbiturate-related overdoses leads to death. As barbiturates are often mixed with alcohol or opiates (all three may be abused together) a large number of overdoses result this way. In fact, MedlinePlus warns that these polydrug abusers are:

“New users who do not know these combinations can lead to coma or death”
“Experienced users who use them on purpose to alter their consciousness”

They conclude by cautioning that overdose in the second group of individuals is harder to treat.

What Are The Risks Of A Barbiturate Overdose?

While death is surely the most serious concern, even a non-fatal overdose can have some life-altering results. According to MedlinePlus, overdose may lead to:

  • Coma
  • Developmental damage to the child in utero
  • Miscarriage
  • Falls, leading to head injuries, concussions, injury to the neck and spine regions, and/or paralysis.
  • “Pneumonia from depressed gag reflex and aspiration”
  • “Severe muscle damage from lying on a hard surface while unconscious, which may lead to permanent kidney injury”

Barbiturate Overdose_Death

Your drug abuse and addiction doesn’t have to progress to this point. But every time you use you’re taking a gamble with your health and life. Fortunately, help exists. Barbiturate abuse and addiction can be treated with the right combination of treatment modalities, and with the help of the right program.

The Right Treatment Could Save Your Life

Since a vast majority of prescription drug abuse begins from self-medication, a good treatment program should address any physical or mental health concerns which precipitated abuse. So if you struggle with anxiety, insomnia, or seizures, and you’ve found that you’re misusing your prescription (or someone else’s) in dangerous ways, treatment should address these adverse health effects alongside of the addiction.

This might include implementing the use of another medication to curb the symptoms of these conditions. For a co-occurring disorder like anxiety, individuals should be offered dual diagnosis care so that the mental illness is treated too. These treatments hold true with recreational abusers who may have a mental health disorder.

Effective treatment for both addiction and co-occurring disorders includes behavioral therapies; two research-based examples include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT).

Barbiturates do form intense physical dependencies. Because of this, a medical detox may be necessary prior to commencing inpatient drug rehab. Life can be very overwhelming and dark when you’re living under the constant burden of an addiction. It doesn’t have to be this way.

Get Treatment And Find Hope Today

Don’t give up your life to addiction. Contact the compassionate treatment specialists today at DrugRehab.org. We have more resources on barbiturate abuse and addiction to help you or a family member begin living a sober and safer life. Contact us today.

For more information on fentanyl abuse and addiciton, call now!

For More Information Related to “Signs Of A Barbiturate Overdose” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

 


Sources

National Institute on Drug Abuse — Commonly Abused Drugs Charts

5 Ways People Enable Their Addicted Loved One

DrugRehab.org 5 Ways People Enable Their Addicted Loved One

Far too often, family members of addicted individuals become enablers, that is their actions actually make it easier for a substance-abusing lifestyle to continue. Examples include being in denial, making excuses for a person or covering up for them, taking on extra responsibilities, certain types of financial assistance, and using or providing the substance.

Watching A Family Member Go Through Addiction Can Upend Your Life

When addiction overtook your family member’s life, your world suddenly turned upside down. You may be experiencing an array of confusing and intense emotions, ranging from betrayal, blame, shame, resentment, fear, anger, and sadness. But despite this, you still love them deeply and find that you want to help them.

Within all of this, you might question your role, both before and during the addiction. These emotions and thoughts are understandable and experienced by many within these situations. It’s how you handle them which makes the difference, both within your life and your family member’s.

5 Ways People Enable Their Addicted Loved One

It’s our nature to love and seek love. We do this by words and actions of affirmation and by offering support when someone is in need. But when a person is addicted to drugs or alcohol, the line between helpful and healthy and damaging and enabling becomes easily blurred. So what is enabling?

DrugRehab.org 5 Ways People Enable Their Addicted Loved One Examples Of Enabling

When you enable a drug abuser you’re preventing them from experiencing the full effect of their addiction and making it easier to keep using. By doing so, it becomes difficult for them to see why they need to change and also prevents them from developing the acceptance and motivation to do so.

Below are five ways people end up enabling a loved one.

1. Feeding Denial

While denial can be a natural part of accepting a person’s substance abuse, when it continues past a reasonable point, it can become profoundly enabling. Looking the other way only serves to harm both them and you.

Examples include:

  • Blaming it on yourself. Convincing yourself that something you did drove them to drink or use in the first place and continues to do so. This can be part of a larger problem, but it’s often intertwined with denial.
  • Ignoring family and friends when they implore you to recognize the addiction.
  • Ignoring signs of addictive behavior and the damage it’s doing to a person’s life (finding hidden bottles and leaving them there or throwing them out without saying a word).
  • Lying to yourself (when a person’s sick or volatile from the substance, saying it’s the flu or a bad day).
  • Believing them when they say they can beat it on their own. Addicted people have the highest chance of success with comprehensive treatment.
  • Suppressing your emotions. Not allowing yourself to feel the toll of the addiction is a form of denial.

Being aware and proactive about your loved one’s addiction can help you to help them get treatment faster and make it more obvious to them that they need help.

2. Making Excuses And/Or Covering Up For A Person

This often stems from denial, codependency, or even just exhaustion and frustration.

Examples include:

  • Calling in sick to work for them if they’re drunk, high, hungover, or sick from using.
  • Covering up for them so they don’t get in trouble at school or with the law.
  • Covering up their actions to avoid a fight or other loved ones finding out/getting angry at them.
  • Making excuses for their substance abuse (they’re stressed out, school or their job is tough, etc.).

DrugRehab.org 5 Ways People Enable Their Addicted Loved One Wear You Out

It can wear you out to watch a loved one fall into the depths of addiction, and sometimes it just feels easier to do things yourself. But know that in the long run these, and other actions like them, are only serving to perpetuate the vicious cycle that is the addictive lifestyle.

3. Picking Up The Slack

When a person is addicted, responsibilities at home or at work often become ignored. This can place a lot of extra stress on you, both mentally, emotionally, and even financially.

Examples include:

  • Doing extra chores around or outside of the house.
  • Taking over their responsibilities with children or elderly parents.
  • Working extra hours so they can cut back on their job responsibilities (or even quit).

While it’s important that you support them, don’t do things for them that they should do on their own. Doing so not only gives them more time to use, but this form of enabling takes away a major incentive for change as a person’s insulated from seeing and feeling the adverse effects of their drug-seeking and using.

4. Financially

We don’t ever want our loved ones to suffer, and when you see your family member losing the battle to addiction, it can be easy to lend a helping hand without realizing the full impact.

Examples include

  • Giving them money for food, bills, or utilities. They can use this money for drugs. Or, even if they use it for these things, it still gives them more resources to purchase drugs.

If you want to help out financially, consider pitching in for treatment costs, should you be able to afford it.

5. Using With Them Or Providing The Substance

Now this may be alcohol, a legal and highly social drug; marijuana, which is legal in limited places; or an illicit drug. Just because a drug is legal or socially acceptable doesn’t mean it’s not harmful or that it’s okay to do with an addicted person.

Examples include:

  • Using the substance with them even when you know they have a problem, because you want to have a “fun time” with them.
  • Buying the substance for them (beer, wine, marijuana, etc.) because you figure they’ll do it anyways and at least you know what/how much they’re using.

DrugRehab.org 5 Ways People Enable Their Addicted Loved One Seeing And Smelling

Keep in mind, using around a person can be bad too. Some people in recovery can tolerate this, but many cannot. For these people, seeing and smelling a substance can be an intense trigger for relapse. And any time you’re using a drug (even alcohol) you’re exposing yourself to risks too.

If you recognize any of these enabling patterns in yourself it’s time to take a step back and reevaluate how you interact with your family member.

Ways To Overcome Enabling And Give Them The Help They Need

If you’re caught up in unhealthy patterns of enabling, or if you’re concerned you might fall into them, here’s some ways you can offer healthy support. Being mindful of your thoughts, emotions and behaviors, and the ways by which they affect you and your loved one, can help to protect you both.

Be Patient, But Not Lenient: Addiction makes it difficult to think clearly and prioritize healthy behaviors. Try and understand this as you encounter your loved one, but don’t let them take advantage of your understanding, or use it as an excuse.

Be Proactive Instead Of Reactive: When faced with a situation where you could resort to enabling, stop and think. Rather than reacting in an emotional way, take time to think about your actions. Ask yourself:  “If I do this, am I really helping them? Or am I making it easier for them to continue using?” In these moments, think of ways you could support them so that they find inner strength or have access to tools to take control over these situations themselves.

Be Real With Them: It’s easy to think we need to sanitize our emotions and reactions in tough situations. But if they see the adverse effects of their addiction on you, it might help them to recognize that they have a problem and that they need help.

Do Healthy Things Together: During treatment this may mean taking part in a counseling session or recreational activity. And after, it could be as simple as taking a walk after dinner, going to a movie, or working on a do-it-yourself project together.

Don’t Offer A Solution, Build One: Instead of creating the solution, help your loved one learn how to take more positive steps to find one on their own. For instance, instead of giving them money when they ask, sit down with them and help them prepare a resume, look for a job, and/or create a budget.

Get Support: Consider joining a support group. If you take steps to help yourself, you’re providing inspiration and a proactive example for change to your loved one. This might help them become more ambitious to do the same. Counseling can be immensely beneficial as well.

DrugRehab.org 5 Ways People Enable Their Addicted Loved One Practice Tough Love

Practice Tough Love: In these situations, while saying “no” can be the hardest thing, it’s the best thing. Forced to deal with the repercussions of their addiction, a person will be more apt to take strides to seek help and start changing.

Research Treatment Options: The best way to support your loved one in living a drug-free life is to help them get the treatment they need. With our help, you can research their drug of abuse, find the best treatment options, and even examine ways to cover the cost of treatment.

Take Charge And Stop The Cycle Of Enabling Today

Fortunately, it’s never too late to help, or to learn more healthy ways to look out for your loved one. If your family member is addicted, they need your love and support now more than ever. Let DrugRehab.org help you with these things. Contact us today.

For more information on fentanyl abuse and addiciton, call now!

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What Is The Difference Between Methadone And Oxycodone?

DrugRehab.org What Is The Difference Between Methadone And Oxycodone-

The United States is currently in the midst of an opioid crisis, but determining which opioids are the biggest problem can be difficult. Opioids include illicit drugs like heroin, and powerful pain relieving medications like oxycodone, and methadone. Even though they share the same classification, methadone and oxycodone have many differences.

Methadone Vs. Oxycodone

Most opioids have potential to produce a high and can lead to addiction,  but some are more powerful than others.

Even though the drug excites the same opioid receptors in the brain as oxycodone, methadone is not derived from opium. Nonetheless, both oxycodone and methadone are central nervous system depressants that can be used to decrease the amount of pain perceived by a patient.

DrugRehab.org What Is The Difference Between Methadone And Oxycodone- Fully Synthetic Opioid

Opioids can be naturally derived from the opium poppy plant; semi-synthetic, or derived from natural opioids and mixed with other chemicals; or fully synthetic and completely man made. Methadone is a fully synthetic opioid, and has a much longer half-life than oxycodone, which is a semi-synthetic opiate.

You won’t feel the effects of methadone as quickly, but it’s still effective—it just takes longer to activate in your system. Methadone can also take longer to leave the system.

There are three different types of opioids, as reported by the National Institute On Drug Abuse (NIDA) for Teens:

  • Natural opiates are alkaloids, nitrogen-containing base chemical compounds that occur in plants such as the opium poppy. Natural opiates include morphine, codeine, and thebaine.
  • Semi-synthetic/man-made opioids are created in labs from natural opiates. Semi-synthetic opioids include hydromorphone, hydrocodone, and oxycodone (the prescription drug OxyContin), as well as heroin, which is made from morphine.
  • Fully synthetic/manmade opioids are completely man-made, including fentanyl, pethidine, levorphanol, methadone, tramadol, and dextropropoxyphene.

Why Is Methadone Used Instead Of Oxycodone?

Methadone has a longer half-life and less potential for abuse. Because of this, methadone may be offered in a clinical setting to replace the effects of, or help to avoid withdrawal symptoms caused by, oxycodone, morphine, hydrocodone, or heroin.

Methadone can also be helpful for pain management for someone suffering from an addiction to oxycodone, or from natural or other semi-synthetic opiates. Methadone can still be abused for the euphoric effect, when someone tampers with the dose size, frequency, or method of administration.

The half-life of methadone can be anywhere from 24 to 60 hours, so it can help prevent opioid withdrawal symptoms for a full day. At the same time, the effects of methadone aren’t achieved as quickly as the effects of oxycodone, which has a half-life of about four hours and rapidly takes effect.

DrugRehab.org What Is The Difference Between Methadone And Oxycodone- Ninety-One Americans

To find out the appropriate dose size, it’s vital to speak to a doctor before deciding to take more of a drug. The potency for an opioid is measured in comparison to morphine. This is known as the MME, or morphine milligram equivalent, and doses are regulated on a daily milligram measurement.

The MME for 50 mg per day of oxycodone is 33 mg (~2 tablets of oxycodone sustained-release 15 mg), and 12 mg of methadone ( <3 tablets of methadone 5 mg).

“Calculating the total daily dose of opioids helps identify patients who may benefit from closer monitoring, reduction or tapering of opioids, prescribing of naloxone, or other measures to reduce risk of overdose,” according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Methadone is also a cheaper alternative to oxycodone. When a patient’s health insurance contribution has run out for the year, they become responsible for paying for their meds out of pocket. This is why a lot of people switch to methadone, because they are unable to pay for expensive prescriptions like OxyContin.

What Are The Overdose Rates And Risks Of Methadone And Oxycodone?

Both methadone and oxycodone are large contributors to the United States opioid epidemic.  “From 2000 to 2015 more than half a million people died from drug overdoses. Ninety-one Americans die every day from an opioid overdose,” the Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports.

Because oxycodone is more potent than methadone, doctors prescribe smaller doses of it and monitor patients to avoid overdose. Methadone can also result in overdose. However, due to successful monitoring and use, the rate has substantially decreased since 1999. “The rate of methadone overdose deaths increased 600%, from 0.3 persons per 100,000 in 1999 (784) to 1.8 in 2006 (5,406), was stable in 2007 (5,518), and then declined 39% to 1.1 (3,400) in 2014,”s as reported by the CDC.

DrugRehab.org What Is The Difference Between Methadone And Oxycodone- 15,000 People Died
Nearly half of the opioid overdoses in the United States involve a prescription opioid. In 2015,  more than 15,000 people died from overdoses involving prescription opioids. The top three contributors to those deaths were oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), and methadone.

Not everyone who overdoses on opioids purposely abuses the drug. These adverse consequences can happen just as easily when a person who uses an opioid for a medical purpose increases the dose size. Some people decide that an opioid isn’t working, or no longer feel the effects due to tolerance, so they take more. This is especially true of methadone because of the prolonged activation time.

Taking too much of any opioid highly increases the chances of overdose. Overdose occurs when a dose size exceeds the amount that the body is able to metabolize. It can result in coma, respiratory failure, and death.

It’s vitally important to pay attention to dose sizes of both methadone and oxycodone. But overdose isn’t the only risk of abusing these drugs. They can also result in serious addiction, dependence, long-term health consequences, and other injuries such as:

  • In 2014, almost 2 million Americans abused or were dependent on prescription opioids.
  • As many as one in four people who receive prescription opioids long-term for noncancerous pain in primary care settings struggles with addiction.
  • Every day, over 1,000 people are treated in emergency departments for misusing prescription opioids.
  • In 2009, opioids were the cause of more than 475,000 emergency room visits.

Opioid Addiction Treatment

Opioid addiction and dependence may require a medically-supervised detox to overcome the physical addiction (dependence). Detoxification may be necessary when a person stops using opioids because managing withdrawal symptoms can be life-threatening and dangerous

After detox, a lot of patients benefit from behavioral treatment to overcome the mental addiction. During a behavioral treatment program, clients learn healthy coping skills, healthy reactions, and ways to adapt to their surroundings. They also learn relapse prevention skills, positive thinking and behaviors, as well as learn to love themselves again. Addiction treatment programs can be conducted in an inpatient rehab center, or other clinical environments that contribute to a healthy lifestyle.

In some cases, a medication will be helpful to manage withdrawal, which can be one of the hardest parts of recovery, and when relapse is the most frequent. A medication-assisted treatment may include methadone maintenance for oxycodone, or other semi-synthetic opiates. Other types of opioid medication-assisted treatment may include naloxone, or buprenorphine (or a mixture of both—Suboxone or Subutex).

Some of the best behavioral treatment modalities for an opioid addiction are cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, or motivational interviewing. There are a lot of different phases of recovery. Admitting there’s a problem is often the first step, but that isn’t always easy. Sometimes asking for help is the best way to overcome the first hurdle of recovery.

Choosing The Right Rehab Center For Opioids

Contact DrugRehab.org today to speak to someone who can find the right treatment program for you or your loved one. All calls are 100 percent confidential.

If you or a loved one are struggling with an OxyContin or prescription drug addiction, contact us now!

For More Information Related to “What Is The Difference Between Methadone And Oxycodone?” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

 


Sources

Center for Disease Control and Prevention—Calculating Total Daily Dose Of Opioids For Safer Dosage, Methadone Prescribing and Overdose and the Association with Medicaid Preferred Drug List Policies, Understanding the Epidemic: Drug Overdose

NIDA for Teens – What Are the Different Types of Opioids?

5 Signs Your Loved One Is Using Cocaine

5 Signs Your Loved One Is Using Cocaine

In 2014, there were an estimated 1.5 million people using cocaine in the United States, but finding out if your loved one is using cocaine can be tricky, especially if you don’t know what to look for.

Cocaine is a white powder that people can snort up their nose, or mix with liquid then inject into their bloodstream. Cocaine’s dangerous. It’s a central nervous system stimulant that overstimulates the brain’s reward circuit. Cocaine can increase a person’s heart rate to an alarming level.

There are several signs that may give you a better idea, if you believe that someone is using cocaine. It’s important to know what to look for, because your loved one might need help quitting cocaine. Many people find freedom from cocaine in the safety of a rehab center.

1. Lack Of Money From Cocaine Use

5 Signs Your Loved One Is Using Cocaine_Cocaine Abuse in AmericaOne of the first signs of cocaine use will appear when an individual runs out of money. Cocaine is one of the more expensive drugs, and the high from it doesn’t last very long so one binge can be costly. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), “snorting cocaine produces a relatively slow onset of the high, but it may last from 15 to 30 minutes.”

A cocaine binge can cost 150 dollars per gram, and can last for several days, weeks, or months. Some people spend so much on cocaine that they’re unable to support themselves, or their family on an otherwise substantial income. Cocaine use has been known to ruin lives, and may even cost a person their job. In this respect, a person abusing cocaine may constantly need to borrow money, whether they have a job or not.

2. Drug Paraphernalia Used For Cocaine

Another sign of cocaine abuse is the appearance of drug paraphernalia, which refers to objects, and miscellaneous articles needed to use the drug. Here’s a list of paraphernalia used for cocaine:

  • Tightly rolled dollar bills
  • Straws
  • Tubes
  • Pens with the ends cut off
  • Sandwich baggies
  • Flat surface with white residue:
    • Piece of glass
    • Mirror
    • Tray
    • Book
    • Countertop
    • Magazine
  • Burnt spoons
  • Unexplained needles or syringes
  • Glass pipe
  • Concealable containers with white residue

Some of these items won’t show up, because your loved one may keep it well hidden, or clean up after using the drug. It can also depend on when and where an individual uses cocaine. If you decide to confront someone about their cocaine use, they might not be honest with you—at least not at first. It may be helpful to have them take a random at home drug test, if you suspect your loved one is using cocaine.

3. Behavioral Changes From Cocaine Use

Changes in behavior may be the next sign to appear. When someone starts acting strangely, or constantly sneaks around, it may be due to cocaine use.

The teenage years may present a dilemma, because during this time, people are changing anyways. Teenagers might act out or show aggression towards authority. Similarly, someone using cocaine may do a lot things that seem out of character like become violent, or recluse.

5 Signs Your Loved One Is Using Cocaine_Cocaine Side EffectsSomeone using cocaine might stay up later than usual, sleep at odd times during the day, spend a lot of time alone, and excessively use the bathroom without good reason. Suspicious activities may also include anonymous phone calls, and when you answer. when the person hangs up.

Using large amounts of cocaine may increase a person’s euphoria, but at the same time it can lead to erratic, bizarre, and sometimes violent behavior. Cocaine use can lead to paranoia, anxiety, irritability, restlessness, and panic. Your loved one may seem energetic, talkative, euphoric, mentally alert, and be sensitive to sight, sound, and touch (NIDA).

Some may even develop an obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) as a result of their cocaine use—this occurrence of both mental and substance use disorder is referred to as a co-occurring disorder. With consistent results from epidemiological studies by the National Library of Medicine, subjects actively using cocaine (and also marijuana) were found to be at an increased risk for OCD.

4. Social Changes From Cocaine Use

Your loved one may stop spending time with lifelong friends as a result of their cocaine use. A teenager might even stop enrolling in extracurricular activities like sports, or academic clubs, and replace those social circles with other people who use drugs. An adult may avoid social situations with the exception of night clubs, bars, and other scenes where drug use is more widely accepted.

The people who aren’t using cocaine may not like their friend’s new found activity, and as a result stop hanging around them. The choice to cut ties with someone because of cocaine use can work from both sides. Sometimes it’s the person using cocaine who stop responding to their friends or family; maybe from fear of being rejected, or judged.

5. Physical Changes From Cocaine Use

5 Signs Your Loved One Is Using Cocaine_Cocaine Drug MisuseSometimes the physical changes from cocaine use are the last thing people notice before they realize it’s a problem. Using cocaine temporarily decreases a person’s need for food and sleep. So as a result, they may lose a lot of weight, or even seem gaunt, or malnourished. Cocaine use may also come with the appearance of dark circles around the eyes.

Cocaine can also result in a lot of adverse health consequences. Some of these aren’t as easy to determine as others, but may include:

  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Dilated pupils
  • Cardiovascular complications
  • Increased body temperature
  • Heart rate
  • Blood pressure
  • Heart arrhythmia
  • Heart attack
  • Frequent headaches
  • Seizures
  • Gastrointestinal complications
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Respiratory complications
  • Slowed breathing
  • Coma
  • Death

So repeated cocaine use not only puts a person at risk of becoming addicted or dependent upon the drug, it can also lead serious physical and mental health complications, and emergencies. In 2011, “cocaine was involved in 505,224 of the nearly 1.3 million visits to emergency departments for drug misuse or abuse,” (NIDA). If you believe someone you love is using cocaine, don’t give up on them, get help today.

Find Help For Cocaine Addiction And Dependence

It’s helps to remember that cocaine addiction is considered an disease, and even after a person changes from it, they’re still the same person. They just might need more help now. Contact DrugRehab.net today to speak to someone who understands addiction, and can tell you more about how to find cocaine addiction treatment for you or your loved one.

If you or a loved one is battling methamphetamine abuse or addiction, contact us now!

For More Information Related to “5 Signs Your Loved One Is Using Cocaine” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From DrugRehab.org:

How Long Does Cocaine Stay In Your System?

What is the Difference Between Cocaine and Crack?

What Is “Freebase” Cocaine?

Difference Between Amphetamines And Cocaine

Signs of Speedball (Heroin with Cocaine) Use

 


Sources

National Institute on Drug Abuse – What Are The Short Term Effects of Cocaine Use?
National Institute on Drug Abuse – What is the Scope of Cocaine Use in the United States?
U.S. National Library of Medicine – Cocaine
U.S. National Library of Medicine – Cocaine Use and Other Suspected Risk Factors for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder