Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms

Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms_Featured Image

Marijuana is the most highly abused illicit drug in our nation. It’s estimated that of those who abuse this drug, 30 percent have a marijuana use disorder. In 2015, this equated to four million people.

Chronic use of marijuana may result in a physical dependence. A physically dependent person will experience withdrawal when they’re not using the drug. Marijuana withdrawal may make a person anxious, on edge, fatigued, and have difficulty sleeping.

Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms_Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal

Without the proper treatment and support, a person may relapse to avoid these symptoms. Individuals with a marijuana use disorder may benefit from individualized treatment to help them build a sober life.

Is Marijuana Addictive?

Contrary to what many people think, marijuana is addictive. Individuals who frequently abuse the drug in high quantities may develop a marijuana use disorder.

Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms_THC becomes a substituteIt’s estimated that nearly nine percent of marijuana abusers will develop a dependence to the drug. This risk increases for individuals who use marijuana at young ages. Seventeen percent of those who use the drug as teens are expected to become dependent to marijuana. Dependency is a qualifying factor of addiction.

When a person is addicted to marijuana their body will become reliant on the drug to function properly. This is called a dependency.

When a person uses high amounts of marijuana the drug’s THC becomes a substitute for the THC-like chemicals contained in our brain. This leads our brain to reduce the natural production of its own THC-like chemicals.

Once a person is dependent their body struggles to function due to these reduced levels, should the marijuana suddenly be absent. This is what causes a person to experience withdrawal.

Other signs of a marijuana use disorder include when a person:

  • needs more of the drug to produce the same high (a tolerance).
  • experiences strong cravings or urges to use the drug.
  • continues using the drug despite adverse physical or mental health effects.
  • pushes their friends and family members away.
  • spends large amounts of time and money in the pursuit of obtaining the drug.
  • begins ignoring important duties relating to work, school, or the family.

If a person continues to use marijuana their quality of life and health may rapidly decline.

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Symptoms Of Marijuana Withdrawal

Withdrawal symptoms are typically greatest from the time of discontinuation through the third or fourth day. Symptoms usually taper off as time passes and cease by day seven to ten. However, some individuals may experience discomfort for up to two weeks.

Certain symptoms may not decline as time passes. One study found that as time went on, chronic abusers had greater trouble falling asleep and experienced strange dreams.

A second study found that those who had used marijuana for shorter periods of time on a chronic basis experienced a greater amount of withdrawal symptoms. Despite this, long-term, chronic users of marijuana encounter severe withdrawal as well.

Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal include:

  • anxiety
  • confusion
  • cravings
  • decreased appetite
  • depression
  • irritability
  • loss of appetite
  • nervousness
  • psychomotor retardation
  • insomnia
  • sleeping
  • tiredness
  • trouble concentrating
  • weakness
  • yawning

Individuals may also experience a sense of physical discomfort which could include chills, fever, sweating, headache, shakiness or tremors, and stomach ache. Some people may become angry, fearful, or exhibit aggressive behaviors.

Many individuals relapse to avoid the discomfort associated with withdrawal. A return to marijuana can be very harmful to both the body and brain. Prolonged use of the drug may cause cognitive impairment, mental health problems, and recurring respiratory infections.

Selecting an individualized treatment program can help individuals with a marijuana use disorder to regain a healthier, sober life.

Getting Treatment For Marijuana Withdrawal

Individuals who experience severe withdrawal may need to stay at a residential treatment facility. Treatment may include detoxification services to reduce or alleviate symptoms of withdrawal and rehabilitation for the psychological symptoms of addiction.

There are currently no medications approved by the FDA for the treatment of a marijuana use disorder. However, since sleep disruption occurs so frequently during marijuana withdrawal, medications may be used to help a person fall asleep and stay asleep. Other medications may prescribed to address mental health concerns, such as depression or anxiety.

Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms_Gabapentin may be useful

Recent research has found that gabapentin may be useful in treating symptoms of marijuana withdrawal. Chronic marijuana use alters the functioning of the brain’s stress circuitry. Gabapentin stops stress hormones from altering certain neurotransmitter levels in the brain, which creates a more calm, relaxed state. This action is what’s believed to make gabapentin a potentially useful treatment for marijuana withdrawal.

After a person successfully withdrawals from marijuana, further treatment for the psychological addiction may be necessary. Behavioral therapies are effective components of treatment for a marijuana use disorder. These sessions help a person to develop sober living and relapse prevention skills.

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MedlinePlus — Substance Use – Marijuana
National Institute on Drug Abuse — Gabapentin Tested To Treat Marijuana Dependence, Is Marijuana Addictive?

The Dangers Of Snorting Crystal Meth The Dangers Of Snorting Crystal Meth Featured Image

The method of abuse (orally, snorting, injecting) of a drug can alter the effects on the mind and body in different ways. People snorting heroin will feel its effects within three to five minutes, yet people snorting crystal meth may not feel the effects as quickly. The Dangers Of Snorting Crystal Meth Also Comes In Several FormsMethamphetamine also comes in several different forms, from a powder “crystal” form that can be processed into a rock, or “ice, form. There is also a liquid form that can be injected.

Dangers of snorting crystal meth include addiction and various physical and psychological symptoms. The symptoms that occur during and after abusing crystal meth can vary from mild to severe. Methamphetamine abuse has the potential to cause permanent damage to the brain.

Other risks of chronic meth abuse include:

  • anxiety
  • confusion
  • insomnia
  • extreme mood swings
  • violent behavior
  • weight loss

Individuals struggling with addiction to crystal meth may exhibit paranoia, visual and auditory hallucinations, and delusions, like the sensation of snakes under one’s skin. It is possible, in some cases, for these symptoms to last for months, possibly years after meth abuse has stopped.

Possibly the most dangerous stage of meth abuse happens when someone has not slept for three to 15 days and is irritable and paranoid. This behavior is often referred to as “tweaking.” The individual will crave more meth, but will find it difficult to achieve the original high.

This can cause them to become frustrated, and, at times, exhibit unstable behavior. People going through a tweaking spell can appear normal—clear-eyed, concise speech and movements. However, under close observation, their eyes are actually moving much faster than normal, and their voice has a slight quiver.

Due to the unpredictable response to tweaking, individuals who abuse meth have an increased chance of risky behaviors, including: involvement in domestic disputes, impulsive crime participation, and car accidents.

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Short-Term Effects Of Snorting Crystal Meth

While under the influence of meth, individuals may exhibit several physical and psychological symptoms. These can include:

  • brief rush, euphoria, surge of energy
  • increased physical activity
  • increased blood pressure and breathing rate
  • dangerously elevated body temperature
  • loss of appetite
  • sleeplessness
  • paranoia, irritability
  • unpredictable behavior
  • performing repetitive, meaningless tasks
  • dilated pupils
  • heavy sweating
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • tremors
  • dry mouth
  • uncontrollable jaw clenching
  • seizures and sudden death

The symptoms present in each person will vary depending on a few factors, including the purity of the meth, amount of meth taken, if a co-occurring disorder is present, and how long they have abused meth. The Dangers Of Snorting Crystal Meth While Under The Influence People May Experience Several Symptoms

Long-Term Effects Of Snorting Crystal Meth

Negative, and sometimes severe, side effects can set in with chronic, long-term abuse of meth. These effects can include:

  • damaged nerve terminals in the brain
  • brain damage similar to Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease
  • high blood pressure
  • prolonged anxiety, paranoia, insomnia
  • psychotic behavior, violence, auditory hallucinations, and delusions
  • homicidal or suicidal thoughts
  • weakened immune system
  • strokes, heart infection, lung disease, kidney and liver damage
  • increased risky behaviors
  • increased risk of accidental or unintentional death

When meth is abused by a pregnant individual, their baby may suffer cardiac defects, cleft palate, and other birth defects.

How Meth Affects The Brain

Meth is an extremely strong psychomotor stimulant, which mimics the actions of certain neurotransmitters (chemicals) in the brain that affect mood and movement. Once meth reaches the brain, it produces a rapid release of dopamine (happy hormone), which is responsible for the initial “rush” felt by those using the drug.

The brain remains in an alert state, even after the initial rush has passed. This keeps the person under the influence of meth on edge. After the effects of meth have worn off, the brain is depleted of dopamine, causing a depressed state.

Meth can easily become addictive to those who abuse it because the highs are so intense and the lows are so awful. It is also possible for meth to cause damage to the nerve endings in the brain. This can lead to increased risk of early-onset of disease, like Parkinson’s disease.

Crystal Meth: What Are You Actually Snorting?

Meth first came to the U.S. in the 1930s and, by 1970, was made illegal as a part of the U.S. Drug Abuse and Regulation Control Act. Production and trafficking rose again in the 1990s, in relation to the organized crime in the southwestern U.S. and Mexico.

The active ingredients in methamphetamine are pseudoephedrine or ephedrine. These ingredients are commonly used in the production of antihistamines or allergy medications. After meth was made illegal, the production of the drug was no longer regulated.

People began making the drug at home with ingredients around the house. These ingredients can include: acetone, rubbing alcohol, iodine, gas additives, starter fluid, drain cleaners, tips of matches, paint thinner, rock salt, and lithium gathered from batteries. The Dangers Of Snorting Crystal Meth Came To The U.S. In The 1930S

Due to the many variations in the meth-making process, and how exact it needs to be to remain a higher quality, these “homebrews” often produce low-quality meth riddled with additives that can be potentially harmful. If someone doesn’t cook out some of these harmful ingredients, they can cause a slow poisoning, or potentially death, to occur.

While any amount of meth can be harmful, taking meth with unknown amounts of additives can be far more dangerous.

Treatment Options For Crystal Meth Abuse And Addiction

Treating addiction to crystal meth can be difficult because it is such a highly addictive drug. Formal treatment starts with initial detox from the drug, ridding it from the individual’s system. Currently, there are no approved medications for treating withdrawal from meth.

Formal treatment will typically involve some form of therapy intervention that will aim to change the behaviors that lead to addiction in the first place.

To learn more about the dangers of snorting crystal meth, and addiction to meth, contact us.

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National Institute on Drug Abuse—How is methamphetamine abused?
University of Maryland, Center for Substance Abuse Research—Methamphetamine

How Long Does Alcohol Stay In Your Body? How Long Does Alcohol Stay In Your Body_Featured Image

The body has a process for breaking down alcohol. The amount of time alcohol stays in a person’s body depends on how much they drink and their overall health. After prolonged alcohol use, the liver, brain, and other organs may suffer great damage.

Understanding The Effects Of Alcohol

Alcohol (ethanol) is a central nervous system depressant that spends relatively little time in the body, but causes its functions to slow. The amount of time alcohol spends in a person’s body depends greatly on the size of their liver and their body mass. On average, the body metabolizes alcohol at a constant rate of 20 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) per hour.

“Alcohol slows your breathing rate, heart rate, and how well your brain functions. These effects may appear within 10 minutes and peak at around 40 to 60 minutes. Alcohol stays in your bloodstream until it is broken down by the liver,” (National Library of Medicine). How Long Does Alcohol Stay In Your Body_ Alcohol Slows Your Breathing

Alcohol affects each person differently. A person’s blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is determined by environmental factors such as amount consumed, presence of food in the system, type of alcoholic beverage, and genetic factors. Two people can drink the same amount of alcohol, and it will have a different effect on each of them, and different effects on their BAC.

Factors that can affect how a person’s body reacts to alcohol include:

  • age
  • weight
  • gender
  • physical health
  • genetics
  • smoking
  • how much and how often a person drinks
  • mixing alcohol with medications or other drugs
  • drinking a large amount of alcohol in a short period of time (binge drinking)

Many people drink alcohol as a way to unwind or socialize. Yet too much alcohol can damage the liver, heart, stomach, pancreas, and immune system. Abusing alcohol, binge drinking, or using alcohol to try to cope with grief, anxiety, depression, or mental illness, may contribute to alcohol use disorder.

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What Is Alcohol Use Disorder?

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a condition that occurs when the use of alcohol causes significant impairment, health problems, or distress. Many people suffering from AUD become unable to meet requirements with their career, school, or home life.

Alcohol use disorder is a progressive and primary illness. If left untreated, AUD will continue to get worse over time as drinking progresses. AUD is defined as mild, moderate, or severe.

How Is Alcohol Metabolized?

After alcohol is consumed, it quickly travels to the digestive system. The stomach tissues absorb about 20 percent of the alcohol into the bloodstream, which is known as gastric emptying. The other 80 percent of alcohol is absorbed into the tissues of the small intestine.

First-pass metabolism (FPM) is greatly influenced by the speed of gastric emptying, which can also vary based on the amount of food in a person’s system, how much they drank, their age, and their overall physical health.

Once alcohol has been absorbed into the bloodstream, it travels through the veins to the liver, where it’s exposed to enzymes and metabolized. The principle alcohol-metabolizing enzymes within the liver include alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH).

ADH metabolizes alcohol to acetaldehyde, which is a highly toxic substance that may contribute to organ tissue damage and alcohol addiction. After that, acetaldehyde is broken down into acetate, which is then oxidized into carbon dioxide in the heart, skeletal muscles, and brain cells.

Researchers have found that a person’s genetics can be a factor in the amount of ADH and ALDH enzymes they have in their body. People have different variations of ADH and ALDH enzymes in their body, and some people are able to process alcohol faster than others.

Liver Metabolism Rates

The liver is responsible for the final step of removing alcohol from the body, but any issues with the liver can slow this process. On average, it takes the liver one hour to metabolize one ounce of alcohol. The liver is the primary organ responsible for metabolizing ingested ethanol, but non-liver tissues, like the brain, can metabolize alcohol as well.

For many people, an ounce of alcohol produces a .015 blood alcohol concentration (BAC). The more alcohol a person drinks, the higher their BAC becomes. In other words, the amount of time it takes the liver to process alcohol is greatly affected by the amount a person drinks. How Long Does Alcohol Stay In Your Body_ Takes The Liver One Hour To Metabolize Alcohol

A person who suffers from an alcohol use disorder may not be able to control the amount they drink, which not only increases their chance of acute alcohol intoxication, but also increases the chance of doing serious damage to the liver and other organs.

Alcohol’s Effect On The Body

Even though its time in the body is considerably short compared to many other drugs, alcohol can have a serious impact on a person’s health on any single occasion or over time. The rate at which the the body metabolizes alcohol is greatly affected by organ health. Alcohol can cause damage to the heart, liver, brain, pancreas, and contributes to certain cancers as well.

  • Brain—Alcohol slows communication speed between neurotransmitters in the brain. Alcohol also shrinks brain cells and damages the cerebellum, limbic system, and cerebral cortex. Abstinence from alcohol can help reverse negative effects on problem-solving skills, memory, and attention.
  • Liver—Heavy alcohol consumption takes a serious toll on the liver, and can lead to a number of liver problems and liver inflammation. Liver problems caused by alcohol include fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis.
  • Heart—Some of the heart problems from alcohol include alcoholic cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia, stroke, and high blood pressure. Long-term heavy drinking is a leading cause of heart disease, which kills an estimated 610,000 people each year.
  • Pancreas—Alcohol causes the pancreas to produce a toxic substance which can lead to pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is a dangerous swelling of the blood vessels in the pancreas that prevents proper digestion.
  • Cancer—Heavy drinking increases the risk of developing cancers, which may include mouth cancer, esophagus cancer, throat cancer, breast cancer, and liver cancer.

Alcohol damage to any single organ may cause a chain reaction of organ damage. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, “The liver breaks down alcohol—and the toxins it releases. During this process, alcohol’s byproducts damage liver cells. These damaged liver cells no longer function as well as they should and allow too much of these toxic substances, ammonia and manganese in particular, to travel to the brain.”

Alcohol doesn’t just damage the body. With too much alcohol, a person can develop alcohol dependence (alcoholism), loss of job, mental disorder, and even die. Alcohol poisoning is responsible for six deaths every day in the United States.

How To Detoxify Your Body From Alcohol

A medically-supervised detoxification (medical detox) takes place at a residential treatment center, and is performed by a team of physicians, clinicians, nurses, and treatment professionals. Medical detox helps patients through potential withdrawal symptoms and other complications found in early abstinence from alcohol. Medical detox is the safest and most effective way to remove alcohol from the body.

Medical detox is an initial step toward recovering from alcohol, but isn’t considered a full treatment. Addiction is a progressive illness, which means that it doesn’t go away over time, but gets worse. Quitting alcohol may help an individual avoid serious health risks.

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Addiction Causes And Risk Factors

Addiction Causes And Risk Factors_Featured Image

Addiction is not usually the result of a single issue, but the combination of three main risk factors including biological factors, environmental risks and influences, and drug type and administration.

Biological Factors

Addiction Causes And Risk Factors_Addiction is nearly 50% genetic

Someone’s genetic predisposition, or DNA, and co-occurring mental illnesses can both increase the likelihood of addiction.

A study found that drug addiction is nearly 50 percent reliant on genes passed down through generations of family members. The study noted that children of addicted people were eight times more likely to become addicted in their lifetimes.

Mental health disorders, or mental illnesses, can also lead to an increased chance of addiction. If a mental health disorder such as depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or post-traumatic stress disorder is present, an individual is more likely to use drugs. This may be in an attempt to self-medicate the symptoms felt by the mental health disorder, like painful feelings, anxiety, depression, and loneliness.

Another biological factor that is still controversial among addiction researchers is gender. Some studies, completed at addiction treatment centers, have found that addiction can be gender-based, and that there are a larger number of men who become addicted compared to women.

Mayo Clinic also reports that changes in the brain that are the result of repeated drug use can change the way the brain feels pleasure. The addictive substance causes physical changes to some nerve cells (neurons) in the brain, resulting in an interruption to the brain’s communication system. In some cases, this structural and chemical change can remain even after the substance is no longer being abused, and sometimes it is permanent.

Environmental Risks And Influences

Environmental risks and influences, such as family beliefs, peer groups that encourage substance use, or stress, can lead to an increased likelihood of addiction.

Home life can be a very influential factor. Some studies suggest that children who have come from abusive or neglectful households are more likely to become addicted in their lifetimes. Often, drugs and alcohol are used as an emotional substitute for the unhappiness felt at home.

In addition to abusive homes, homes that allow children to be around and have access to drugs or alcohol more frequently can influence children and lead to a substance use or alcohol use disorder later on.

A person’s age can also impact their chances of becoming addicted. Studies indicate that the younger someone is when first exposed to drugs or alcohol, the more likely they are to develop an addiction. Using drugs while the brain is still growing and developing during adolescence can affect the way some brain structures form and function, making addiction more likely later in life.

Peer pressure, most likely occurring during teenage years when people are more susceptible to suggestion, can also lead to addiction. The pressure felt by some individuals to be socially accepted and liked by their peers is a common reason for trying drugs. It can be very difficult for teens to feel they can say “no” to their friends, so some may go along with drug use in order to feel like they fit in.

Stress is another environmental factor that can influence chances of addiction. Poor coping skills can lead to the inability to handle day-to-day stress. High levels of chronic stress can change the chemical composition of the brain and lead to drug and alcohol misuse as a way of escaping life stressors.

This is especially true of jobs that come with a lot of innate pressure and stress, like positions in stock exchange or major banking corporations. People in these professions may turn to drugs as a way to deal with the pressure and long work-days.

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Drug Type And Administration

Drug type and administration can be risk factors for addiction as well. Depending on the kind of drug someone tries first or has started to use, addiction may be more or less likely to occur. Drugs like heroin or meth are extremely addictive, and someone taking these drugs, compared to drugs with less potency, like marijuana, has more potential to develop a drug dependence with continued use.

Drug administration, or the way in which the drug is used, can potentially increase the likelihood of addiction. When drugs are injected or smoked, they tend to take effect much faster than when they are taken orally. Although the “high” from injecting and smoking also tends to be more intense, it doesn’t last as long as with other ways of administration, so individuals may use the drug more frequently in order to maintain their high. This can be a slippery slope towards addiction.

Although it is possible for individuals with these risk factors not to become addicted, people with these risk factors in their lives have shown an increased chance of becoming addicted.

It is possible for anyone to develop a substance use problem. Everyone is different, and some may experience more severe addictions depending on these factor and others.

Polydrug Use And Addiction

With the growing understanding of addiction as a disease which requires adequate treatment, researchers are noticing a growing number of individuals who suffer from addiction to more than one substance.

Among people who had abused drugs but had not yet become addicted, 30.6 percent abused more than one substance. Among those who were addicted, 55.7 percent used more than one substance, and 17.3 percent were addicted to more than one substance.

Research also suggests that other behavioral manifestations of addiction, like obesity, gambling, and sex addiction, share common brain and genetic pathways with addictions involving substances. When a treatment plan is focused on one specific addictive substance or behavior, it’s possible that it is not addressing the disease of addiction as a whole, but just a portion of it.

Addiction Is A Disease

Addiction Causes And Risk Factors_Children born from addicted people are eight times more likelyAddiction can range from mild to moderate to severe, depending on the course of the disease and its symptoms. Some people may experience one episode where their symptoms meet the clinical criteria for addiction and be non-symptomatic afterward. However, it is more common for addiction to be a chronic disease.

Very few people with addiction receive effective or evidence-based treatment, and the standard approach to treatment often involves brief interventions, rather than long-term chronic disease management. High rates of relapse often result, and may be due, in part, to the manner in which addiction treatment is being approached.

Treatment For Drug And Alcohol Addiction

Admitting that there is a problem is the first step toward addiction recovery. Addiction is a lifelong disease and finding proper treatment is extremely important. Knowing the causes and risk factors of addiction may help a person see how addiction may be affecting them and take the first step in finding help.

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Commonly Abused Barbiturates

Commonly Abused Barbiturates

Barbiturates can quickly become addictive after abusing them chronically. A medically-supervised detox is required to avoid potentially lethal withdrawal symptoms.

Some of the most commonly abused barbiturates include:

  • amobarbital sodium (Amytal)
  • pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal)
  • secobarbital sodium (Seconal)
  • phenobarbital (Luminal)

Amytal, Nembutal, and Seconal are all short-acting barbiturates, which are primarily used to treat people who suffer from insomnia, and seizure disorders like epilepsy. These three depressants can also be used in hospital settings as a preoperative sedative.

Luminal is a long-acting barbiturate, sometimes used in medically-supervised detox to help wean addicted individuals off other stronger, barbiturates. It is also used to treat seizures, in some parts of the world, and anxiety.

What Are Barbiturates?

Barbiturates are central nervous system depressants that work by slowing down the interaction between the brain and the rest of the body. This type of drug can cause drowsiness and relaxation, and has is very difficult to prescribe at the correct dosage.

Tolerance to barbiturates develops quickly, increasing the risk of addiction. Tolerance to the mood changing effects of barbiturates happens fast, with chronic use. However, tolerance to the lethal effects develops more slowly, increasing the risk of severe poisoning the longer the drug is used.

Commonly Abused Barbiturates_What Are Barbiturates

Before the 1970s, barbiturates were the drug of choice for treating anxiety disorders and other anxiety-related issues. Due to their high potential for abuse, the federal government limited access to barbiturates.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, barbiturates are prescribed less frequently for anxiety and sleep issues due to their increased risk of overdose, when compared to benzodiazepines. However, barbiturates are still used in hospital settings, and to treat some seizure disorders.

Abusing barbiturates is very dangerous and can lead to physical and psychological symptoms, physical dependence, and accidental death.

How Are Barbiturates Abused?

Individuals addicted to barbiturates can obtain them through personal prescription or from someone they know. Barbiturates are widely available in tablet form, so individuals may abuse them orally, or crush up the tablets and inject or snort them.

When injected, the effects of barbiturates can be felt much faster than if they were abused orally. Larger needles are required to inject barbiturates, which can lead to infected or red injection site, or scarred veins.

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Signs Of Barbiturate Abuse

Some common signs of barbiturate abuse include:

  • sedation and drowsiness
  • reduced anxiety
  • feelings of well-being
  • lowered inhibitions and impaired judgement
  • slurred speech
  • poor concentration
  • confusion and dizziness
  • impaired coordination and memory
  • slowed pulse
  • lowered blood pressure
  • slowed breathing

Barbiturates can also cause euphoria, unusual excitement, fever, and irritability in some. Often someone abusing barbiturates will exhibits signs similar to alcohol intoxication.

Commonly Abused Barbiturates_Signs Of Barbiturate Abuse

Another sign of barbiturate abuse is if someone is experiencing withdrawal symptoms from the drug. This can also be a indication that physical dependence has developed, meaning that the addicted individual cannot function like normal without the drug in their system.

Barbiturate withdrawal symptoms may include:

  • anxiety
  • restlessness
  • insomnia
  • rhythmic intention tremor
  • dizziness
  • seizures and tremors
  • psychosis

Withdrawal symptoms can vary from person to person and be mild to severe, depending on the severity of the addiction. If barbiturate withdrawal is not correctly treated, hypothermia, circulatory failure, and death may occur.

Risks Factors Of Barbiturate Abuse

Some barbiturates, in high doses, are used in doctor-assisted suicide because they can cause lethal side-effects very quickly. A reason that benzodiazepines replaced barbiturates is because it can be difficult, even for medical professionals, to determine the proper dosage of medication needed for any given situation.

This is also a problem for people who abuse this medication, because it increases the risk for fatal overdose to occur, when the drug is used in large amounts. Once the body is used to large amount of the drug in its system tolerance develops. It is also very dangerous for people who are chronically addicted to barbiturates to withdrawal without proper supervision.

It is important that someone suffering from barbiturate addiction enroll in a medically-supervised detox program to help avoid the potentially life-threatening risks of withdrawal. Mixing barbiturates with other central nervous system depressants like alcohol, increases the risk of respiratory distress and death.

Teen Barbiturate Abuse

Sedatives like barbiturates are popular among young adults because their effects mimic those of alcohol, but do not produce the smell alcohol does. About 50 percent of high school seniors admitted abusing prescription medications in 2013, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. About five percent of the seniors also reported having access to or abusing sedatives.

It is also theorized that because teenagers are still developing emotionally and physically, barbiturate abuse may manifest in different ways compared to how it would in an adult. For example, teens may be more inclined to engage in risky behaviors or express extreme emotional states more easily.

Some of these behaviors may include:

  • increased likelihood of assault
  • driving while under the influence of barbiturates
  • mixing barbiturates with other substances
  • Using too much of the drug, causing accidental overdose

Treatment For Barbiturate Abuse And Addiction

Detoxing from barbiturates is the first step toward recovery. Barbiturates are dangerous drugs, even when used in their medical applications. Using them illicitly can quickly result in tolerance and dependence, and possibly overdose.

An individualized treatment plan, that looks at the needs and circumstances of each person can be extremely helpful in aiding a successful recovery. Cognitive behavioral therapy and other medications may also be used to assist in managing substance abuse, in a treatment center.

To learn more about barbiturate abuse, addiction and treatment, contact us today.

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Signs Of A Benzodiazepine Overdose

Benzodiazepine Overdose_

When taken as directed, it is rare for benzodiazepine use to result in fatal overdose. However, when someone takes too large a dose, or mixes it with another substance the risk for overdose increases.

Some signs of benzodiazepine overdose include:

  • dizziness
  • confusion
  • drowsiness
  • blurred vision
  • slurred speech
  • unresponsiveness or weakness
  • anxiety
  • agitation
  • difficulty breathing
  • blue in the fingernails or lips
  • uncoordinated movement
  • tremors
  • altered mental status
  • coma

High doses of benzodiazepines can cause extreme drowsiness. In addition to the above symptoms, it is also possible to experience slowed reflexes, mood swings, hostile or erratic behavior, and euphoria.

Benzodiazepine Overdose_Common

Symptoms of overdose will vary from person to person, depending on several different factors. These factors include:

  • the amount of benzodiazepines consumed
  • if it was mixed with another substance
  • how long benzodiazepines have been abused
  • if a co-occuring disorder is present
  • what method of abuse (injection, oral, etc.) was used

Although it is rare, some individuals may experience serious complications following a benzodiazepine overdose, as a result of respiratory distress, lack of oxygen in the blood, or unintentional injury that occured while they were under the influence of benzodiazepines. These complications can include, pneumonia, damage to the body and brain, and death.

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What Are Benzodiazepines?

According to the Center for Substance Abuse Research, benzodiazepines are some of the most prescribed depressant medications in the U.S. There are more than 15 different types of benzodiazepine medications that treat a variety of psychological and physical conditions.

Commonly prescribed benzodiazepines include:

A Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) study discovered that, due to their widespread availability, benzodiazepines are the most frequently misused pharmaceuticals in the U.S. The study also found that the number of emergency room visits due to benzodiazepines increased by 36 percent between 2004 and 2006.

Effects caused by benzodiazepines include anxiety relief, hypnotic effects, muscle relaxant, anti-convulsant, and amnesiatic (mild memory-loss inducer). Due to their sedative properties, benzodiazepines have a high potential for abuse, particularly when used with other depressants like alcohol or opiates.

There are two categories of benzodiazepines; short-acting and long-acting. A short-acting benzodiazepine is processed at a faster rate than long-acting benzodiazepines which accumulate in the bloodstream, and can take a longer time to leave the body.

How Benzodiazepines Interact With The Body

Benzodiazepines affect the levels of a key neurotransmitter (chemical) within the brain known as the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). When the presence of this chemical increases during benzodiazepine use, it slows nerve impulses throughout the body.

The human nervous system has two types of benzodiazepine receptors. One that causes anti-anxiety effect, and one that produces the sedative effect. Even though most benzodiazepines trigger the same physical effects, their dosage and blood absorption rates can vary, the Center for Substance Abuse Research reports.

Benzodiazepine Tolerance, Dependence And Withdrawal

Over time, it is likely that tolerance to benzodiazepines will occur. Tolerance happens when a person no longer experiences the same effects when taking the same amount of the drug. It is also possible for benzodiazepines to become less effective after four to six months of daily use, according to a report released on American Family Physician.

Benzodiazepine Overdose_Emergency AdminsIndividuals usually become tolerant to the milder effects of the drug like sedation and lack of motor coordination. The Center for Substance Abuse Research notes that a fair amount of cross-tolerance exists between benzodiazepines and other depressants like alcohol and barbiturates. So, as an individual’s tolerance to benzodiazepines builds so will their tolerance to the other substances.

The Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) stated 95 percent of all benzodiazepine emergency admissions reported abusing another substance in addition to benzodiazepines. After tolerance is established, physical and psychological dependence begins. Once dependent, someone using benzodiazepines will not be able to function normally without them.

The addictive properties of benzodiazepines are incredibly strong, and tolerance can develop quickly. If someone with a dependence on benzodiazepines suddenly stops using, they will experience physical withdrawal symptoms.

The withdrawal process can be lethal due to the side effects, like convulsions, that may occur. Withdrawal symptoms can include sleep disturbance, anxiety, memory problems, hallucinations, seizures and possibly suicide.

What To Do About Benzodiazepine Overdose

If someone is exhibiting signs of a benzodiazepine overdose, contact emergency services immediately. It is important to get medical attention to reduce the likelihood of negative consequences and death.

Benzodiazepine Overdose_Flumazenil

Victims of overdose will be taken to the hospital and treated with the necessary respiratory support, and medications to reverse the effects of the overdose. Flumazenil is a common medication used to treat benzodiazepine overdose in an emergency setting.

Some individuals may face prolonged recovery times depending on the extent of the overdose and how soon they receive treatment.

Treatment For Benzodiazepine Overdose And Addiction

Benzodiazepines are not only dangerous in overdose, but also in withdrawal. People who experience benzodiazepine overdose may find detox programs helpful to come off the drug in a safe manner, by tapering doses and sometimes providing substitution therapy with a long-acting benzodiazepine.

Due to the high risk of polydrug use involved with benzodiazepine abuse, it is important to seek formal treatment because detoxing from multiple drugs can cause unpredictable and lethal side effects. In order to reduce the risk of relapse, it is vital that all addictions are addressed.

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Signs Of An Opioid Relapse Signs Of An Opioid Relapse

A relapse is one of the harsh possibilities faced during opioid addiction recovery. Knowing the signs of an opioid relapse can help prevent it from happening.

Understanding Opioid Relapse

An opioid relapse is defined as returning to use of an opioid after a period of abstinence. Opioid relapses are common though, and happen to many people in recovery, but their also dangerous. Recovery from opioids involves a life that is free from opioids abuse, but because opioids are so addictive, quitting them can be very difficult.

Many people are faced with an uncontrollable urge to use opioids after they stop, especially while in early recovery. The trouble is that even people with years of sober time may slip-up, and use opioids. Due of the nature of addiction, certain triggers, or old habits can make opioids a lifelong struggle. Signs Of An Opioid Relapse

A relapse is discouraging for both an individual and their families, but it doesn’t necessarily mean that they’ve failed in recovery. Relapse might mean that an individual needs to go back to the drawing board, and consider what made them want to use drugs again. If a person relapses, it’s critical for them get back into a healthy routine as soon as possible, to avoid falling back into addictive behaviors.

People with an opioid addiction (opioid use disorder) suffer from a chronic illness, which means that relapsing at some point is not only possible, but likely. Relapse rates are similar for people with opioid addiction to the rates of well-understood chronic illness like hypertension, diabetes, and asthma.

Signs Of An Opioid Relapse

Leading up to, and after the fact, if an individual relapses they may start spending a lot of time alone, or becoming easily agitated. If a person starts showing signs of opioid abuse, it may be time to intervene. Being able to tell if a person is on opioids can be especially trying for someone who hasn’t ever seen them in the throes of their active addiction.

Some of the most common signs of an opioid relapse are:

  • slurred speech
  • nausea
  • small pupils
  • weight loss or weight gain
  • reduced sex drive
  • spending a lot of time alone
  • dishonest, manipulative, and secretive behaviors
  • loss of interest in healthy behaviors, or passions
  • extreme mood swings – irritability
  • unexplainable need to borrow money
  • belief that support is no longer needed, or that the problem “wasn’t that bad”
  • belief that a person can return to moderate opioid use without circumstance
  • associating with people who actively use opioids
  • reappearance of unhealthy behaviors – such as poor diet, and lack of sleep

Those in recovery may be ashamed to admit that they’ve fallen back into opioid abuse, but it might just mean that they need to invest more time into their recovery program, or consider a different approach.

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Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms

Opioid dependence is caused by certain brain abnormalities caused by recurrent use of the drug. Opioids include a wide range of natural, partially synthetic, or fully synthetic drugs like heroin, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, morphine, and methadone.

A a person who’s dependent on opioid feels a physical craving for the drug, because when they stop using them, they experience painful withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawals are essentially a body’s physical reaction to the removal of a chemical that, as far as the brain and body are concerned, is needed for normal functioning. Opioid withdrawal symptoms may include:

Early symptoms of withdrawal:

  • agitation
  • anxiety
  • muscle aches
  • increased tearing
  • insomnia
  • runny nose
  • yawning
  • sweating

Late symptoms of withdrawal:

  • abdominal cramping
  • diarrhea
  • dilated pupils
  • goosebumps
  • nausea
  • vomiting

“The abnormalities that produce dependence, well understood by science, appear to resolve after detoxification, within days or weeks after opioid use stops,” (National Institute on Drug Abuse).

Can Opioid Addiction Be Treated?

Opioid addiction is considered treatable by using psychosocial and behavioral therapy, and for some a medication-assisted treatment (MAT) with buprenorphine, naltrexone, or clonidine. Yet there isn’t a single, or simple way to treat addiction, nor is there a proven cure for it.

One issue with treating opioid addiction is that it affects each person differently. A treatment program that’s based on individual needs may be necessary to completely abstain from opioids. Signs Of An Opioid Relapse

Many people in recovery will find themselves romanticizing about past drug use, or see something that causes them to have a sudden urge to use opioids—these are known as triggers. Behavioral treatments aim to teach patients both how to identify and avoid triggers, and how to cope with stress, pain, loss, and emotions.

The brain abnormalities that produce opioid addiction range much wider than opioid dependence, and may include environmental, psychological, or genetic factors. The physical, and mental components of addiction can be treated at a rehab center, but recovery from addiction requires changing environmental, and social factors as well. Recovery from opioid addiction requires living a full, purposeful life, on top of behavioral treatments.

Opioid Relapse Prevention

To help prevent relapse, many people find that it helps to keep learning about drug addiction, and to be honest and open about emotions, temptations, or expectations in recovery. As far as avoiding places that may cause a trigger, sometimes it helps to ask if there’s a good reason for being there. Many people find that getting involved in a support-based community gives them accountability, and the drug free relationships they need to stay off opioids.

Those suffering from an opioid addiction need support, guidance, and change to remain abstinent from the drug. As part of a person’s recovery support team, it’s important to stay positive about their recovery. Do whatever it takes to help them: whether it’s driving them to counseling appointments, or meetings, and not simply writing off strange behaviors.

Contact to learn about opioid addictions, and where to get treatment.

For More Information Related to “Signs Of An Opioid Relapse” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From



National Institute on Drug Abuse—Treatment and Recovery
National Institute on Drug Abuse—What is Relapse?
National Library of Medicine—Opiate and Opioid Withdrawal
National Library of Medicine—The Neurobiology of Opioid Dependence: Implications for Treatment

The Dangers Of Mixing Alcohol And Muscle Relaxers The Dangers Of Mixing Alcohol And Muscle Relaxers

Mixing alcohol and muscles relaxants is a dangerous combination which can produce extreme sedation, decreased cognitive abilities, impaired motor functioning, accidental death, and addiction. Should a person be addicted to one or both of these drugs, a comprehensive treatment program should be sought to alleviate these risks.

A person faces an increased risk of overdose, respiratory depression, fall and injuries, motor vehicle accidents, and seizure when combining alcohol and muscle relaxants (more technically referred to as muscle relaxants).

Both alcohol and muscle relaxants depress, or slow down, the body’s central nervous system (CNS), an action which can lead to these and other dangers, should these two substances be combined.

What Are Muscle Relaxers?

Muscle relaxants are prescription medications used to relax muscles, providing relief from sprains, strains, or other injuries to the muscles. Muscle relaxants produce their effect by depressing the CNS, producing sedation and a relaxing of the skeletal muscles.

When used for these purposes, muscle relaxants alleviate pain, reduce muscle spasms, aid a person in having greater mobility, and, as an additional benefit for some, provide relief from insomnia caused by these ailments. The Dangers Of Mixing Alcohol And Muscle Relaxers Tizanidine

Muscle relaxants are not typically recommended as a first-line defense for certain concerns, such as low-back pain, due to their potential for misuse and because of their side effects. These medications are generally prescribed for short-term use to to their potential for misuse, abuse, and dependence.

One of the most frequently abused skeletal muscle relaxants is called Soma, however, others may also be abused, including cyclobenzaprine (Amrix), dantrolene (Dantrium), methocarbamol (Robaxin), metaxalone (Skelaxin), and tizanidine (Zanaflex).

The side effects of muscle relaxants will vary somewhat drug to drug, and person to person, but in general they include:

  • depression
  • drowsiness
  • dizziness
  • clumsiness
  • fatigue
  • headache
  • impaired thinking
  • low blood pressure
  • nausea
  • quickened heart rate
  • unsteadiness
  • upset stomach
  • vision troubles
  • vomiting
  • weakness
  • skin rash

Muscle relaxants can also make it difficult for a person to stay alert and think clearly, causing impairments to decision-making and thought processes.
It’s worth noting that certain benzodiazepine medications may also be used as muscle relaxants due to their antispasmodic properties. Examples include: alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan), all of which are heavily abused.

Side effects of benzodiazepines may include:

  • altered sex drive or ability
  • blurred vision
  • depression
  • dizziness
  • diarrhea
  • drowsiness
  • impaired motor skills
  • mental confusion
  • nausea
  • slowed reaction time
  • trouble concentrating
  • weakness

When used properly, under caution, and as prescribed by a doctor, muscle relaxants are typically safe. However, when taken with or in close proximity to alcohol or other drugs, muscle relaxants can have dangerous, and sometimes deadly, effects.

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The Effects Of Alcohol Abuse

Despite alcohol’s notoriety as an upbeat, social drug, it’s actually a depressant. When consumed to excess alcohol will significantly slow down a person’s brain and body and reduce their ability to function properly.

Alcohol can cause:

  • abdominal pain
  • altered vision
  • anxiety
  • confusion
  • depression
  • dizziness
  • impaired judgement
  • an inability to think clearly
  • motor skill impairment
  • nausea
  • poor decision-making skills
  • poor memory
  • problems with balance
  • trouble concentrating
  • trouble walking
  • vomiting

As you can see, many of these effects echo those caused by muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines included, which is the main reason it is so risky to combine these drugs.

Why Do People Combine Alcohol And Muscle Relaxants?

Muscle relaxants, including benzodiazepines, can cause intense relaxation and euphoria, effects which lead some to abuse their own prescription or someone else’s. Some individuals may also use these medications to self-medicate as a means to induce sleep or to reduce the unpleasant feelings associated with alcohol withdrawal.

The dangers linked to this use may occur unknowingly, as a person consumes one drug in close proximity to the dose of the other. This may happen when a person is taking the muscle relaxant as prescribed and has a drink with it (without realizing the harmful interactions). It can also happen if they have a drink a short time latter while the medication is still in their system. The Dangers Of Mixing Alcohol And Muscle Relaxers Alcohol Will Significantly Slow Down

Most muscle relaxants last around four to six hours, so even if a person begins drinking several hours after they take their dose the medication will still be in their system. Muscle relaxants can be extremely potent; even having one drink while on one can cause uncomfortable, debilitating, and dangerous side effects.

While any combination of these drugs can be dangerous, many people face more extreme risks when they intentionally abuse both drugs together to create a desired, pleasurable effect. Within situations of abuse, an individual is far more likely to use a medication in large dosages. This means that they may take greater-than-prescribed doses of the muscle relaxer or take the pill more frequently than they should, behaviors which increase the odds of overdose, addiction, and other adverse health effects.

The Dangers Of Combining Alcohol And Muscle Relaxants

The CNS depression and sedation caused by muscle relaxants (including benzodiazepines) can become dangerous when enhanced by the effects of other drugs, including alcohol.

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism writes that using alcohol with muscle relaxants like cyclobenzaprine and carisoprodol may cause the following harmful reactions:

  • drowsiness
  • dizziness
  • higher risk of seizures
  • higher risk for overdose
  • slowed or difficulty breathing
  • impaired motor control
  • unusual behavior
  • memory problems

The reactions listed for benzodiazepines are the same, except for the omission of the seizure risk.

One of the biggest dangers of this combination (including benzodiazepines) is motor impairment and incoordination. Together, muscle relaxants and alcohol can make it difficult to walk and balance. This can cause a person to stumble and fall, especially when compounded by the dizziness and impaired vision which may be present from each drug. The head injuries which result from this could be grave, even to the point of being lethal.

Motor impairment also makes it very dangerous to operate heavy machinery or a vehicle. Used separately, these drugs cause an individual’s reaction time, judgement, decision-making ability, and cognition all to be adversely affected; when alcohol and muscle relaxants are used together these impacts become even more apparent and hazardous.

The sum of these adverse effects can endanger not only the person driving the vehicle, but those accompanying them as passengers, other drivers on the road, and pedestrians. Scientific American reports that “automobile drivers were much more likely to weave and speed if they were under the influence of drugs like Xanax in addition to alcohol than if they had consumed alcohol alone.”

The intense sedation and respiratory depression which results from these two drugs places an individual at a high risk of overdose, circumstances which require emergency medical services. The Dangers Of Mixing Alcohol And Muscle Relaxers Use A Medication In Large Dosages

The most recent DAWN findings document that nearly one in five emergency department visits relating to the misuse or abuse of muscle relaxants involved the use of alcohol, with carisoprodol being the most frequently witnessed muscle relaxant in these circumstances, and cyclobenzaprine the second.

Overdose from alcohol and muscle relaxants can become so severe that it’s fatal. Should you fear that yourself or a loved one is overdosing, contact emergency medical services immediately.

Muscle relaxants, especially benzodiazepines can be addictive, as can alcohol. Abusing either of these drugs places an individual at risk of addiction. Abusing both together makes this risk even more pronounced.

When a person uses one drug, their ability to reason and think properly is reduced, which can make it easier for them to abuse the second drug and/or to use it in higher quantities, behaviors which in turn up the odds of developing an addiction.

Lastly, should a person become addicted to benzodiazepines and alcohol, and suddenly stop using each, withdrawal symptoms can become severe. Withdrawal from these two drugs can actually become so extreme as to cause death.

Pursuing treatment for the abuse of muscle relaxants and/or alcohol works to protect yourself or a loved one from these risks. It also helps to protect your life.

Contact us today to learn more about addiction treatment.

For More Information Related to “The Dangers Of Mixing Alcohol And Muscle Relaxers” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From



American Family Physician — Choosing a Skeletal Muscle Relaxant
MedlinePlus — Carisoprodol, Cyclobenzaprine
US National Library of Medicine — Considerations for the Appropriate Use of Skeletal Muscle Relaxants for the Management Of Acute Low Back Pain

The Dangers Of Mixing Methadone With Adderall The Dangers Of Mixing Methadone With Adderall

Abuse of methadone or Adderall is dangerous. Mixing these drugs increases the risk of negative reactions, including addiction, overdose, and death.

Methadone And Adderall

Methadone is a semi-synthetic opioid used in treating opioid addiction. When taken as prescribed, methadone works to lessen uncomfortable opioid withdrawal symptoms and block cravings for the addictive opioid drug. Abusing methadone can result in a high sensation caused by other opioids.

The methadone dose needed to achieve this effect is different from person to person. If someone has no tolerance to opioids, abusing methadone can be dangerous because it can more easily result in overdose. The Dangers Of Mixing Methadone With Adderall Prescribed Does Not Result

Adderall is a combination of the stimulants dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. It produces a chemical reaction in the brain which causes a flood of hormones. This increase in hormones causing changes in the communication pathways in the brain, allowing for increased focus and alertness.

Taking Adderall as prescribed does not result in a high sensation. Adderall abuse, on the other hand, can produce a high effect. When abused, Adderall has the potential to be highly addictive and should be taken with caution.

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Dangers Of Mixing Methadone And Adderall

Perhaps the greatest danger of mixing methadone with Adderall is that the effects of the drugs combined are capable of masking symptoms of potential overdose. Adderall, for example, can reduce drowsiness and lack of concentration symptoms caused by opioid overdose.

Methadone is an opioid medication that works to suppress the functions within the central nervous system, while Adderall is a stimulant medication designed to speed up brain function. Sometimes this combination of opposing effects can lead to unpredictable and dangerous side effects.

The result of mixing Adderall and methadone can be severe, and may cause the following:

  • slowed, depressed, or stopped breathing
  • coma
  • overdose
  • cardiac arrest, heart attack, or heart failure
  • death

Abusing a stimulant after abusing opioids can make some people feel confident they are able to consume more opioids. This can be dangerous because Adderall is processed more quickly by the body than methadone.

When the Adderall wears off, and there is still an abundance of methadone in the body, it can lead to opioid overdose. Even after the effects of methadone wear off, the active ingredients remain in the body for much longer, and taking more methadone can result in overdose.

The effects of mixing methadone and Adderall will vary from person to person. They will even vary in the same individual, depending on how much of each drug is used. This increases the risk of unpredictable side effects.

Effects of combining drugs may include:

  • increased intoxication (feeling more high)
  • worsened withdrawal symptoms
  • increased likelihood of risky behavior and accidents
  • violent behavior
  • becoming physically and/or mentally dependent on one or more drugs
  • decreased social life
  • depression and anxiety
  • increased risk of medical problems (liver disease or heart problems)
  • overdose

What Happens When Opioids And Stimulants Are Mixed?

Mixing Adderall and methadone puts a lot of stress on the body. On their own, these drugs affect the heart, lungs, and brain. When mixed, the effects on these systems are intensified. Depending on the amount of each drug, body systems can speed up or slow down, and these effects also change as the amount of drug in the body changes. The Dangers Of Mixing Methadone With Adderall Methadone And Adderall

When taken as prescribed, in therapeutic amounts, these two drugs do not produce any notable negative reactions. However, when abused and taken in higher than recommended amounts, negative reactions can occur.

The combination of methadone and Adderall is a much less potent version of a more widely-known opioid and stimulant mixture, heroin and cocaine. Although methadone is used to treat heroin addiction, when abused methadone can produce a similar, but less potent high. And while Adderall is not cocaine, it does interact with the brain in a similar way, especially when taken in abusive amounts.

Why Do People Mix Methadone And Adderall?

Methadone and Adderall are mixed to produce a more potent high than taking just one of the drugs would produce. Drug abuse is a disease that greatly affects a person’s health. Polydrug abuse or, abusing more than one drug at once, can be even more serious.

Both methadone and Adderall are prescription medications, and only under rare circumstances are prescribed at the same time. Some may believe taking Adderall with methadone helps with relieving chronic pain, however, this extra relief is only temporary. Most doctors agree that the risks of mixing these two drugs outweigh any possible benefit.

Finding Treatment For Polydrug Addiction

Treating drug addiction may be a difficult process, but with the right help, it can be done. When someone is addicted to more than one substance, it can further complicate the treatment process. It is easy to build a tolerance to both methadone and Adderall, even when used as directed.

When abused, tolerance to these drugs increases to a greater extent and this can make the detox process longer and more difficult. However, medical support and professional aid can assist addicted individuals in successfully completing detox so they can move on to treatment.

Both methadone and Adderall are often used over long time periods. The body becomes used to operating with these drugs in its system over this time. Because of this, tapering off each medication is the safest way to quit these drugs. Inpatient drug rehab may be the best option for treating polydrug addiction because it provides more structure and support.

To find out more about treatment for multiple drug addictions, reach out to us at

For More Information Related to “The Dangers Of Mixing Methadone With Adderall” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From



Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet—Polydrug use
National Institute on Drug Abuse—Stimulant ADHD Medications: Methylphenidate and Amphetamines
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services—Methadone

Is It Dangerous To Detox From Opiates Cold Turkey? Is It Dangerous To Detox From Opiates Cold Turkey_

Yes, it can be dangerous to detox from opiates cold turkey. Without the assistance of a medically-supervised detoxification program an individual is exposed to numerous risks during withdrawal from heroin or prescription opioid painkillers. These include adverse physical and mental health effects, relapse and a reduced opportunity for a successful drug-free life.

When a person quits an opiate slowly, without reducing their dosage (tapering), and without the appropriate supportive treatments, this is called cold turkey. Opiate drugs can form intense physical dependencies, quickly. When this happens, a person will likely experience symptoms of withdrawal which often accelerate to painful and debilitating extremes if not treated properly. Effective treatment of opioid withdrawal most commonly includes medications which reduce or alleviate the symptoms of withdrawal.

What Are Opiates?

Opiates include those drugs derived directly from the opioid poppy, while the term opioid is more commonly used to include these and synthetically produced drugs which mimic the effects these substances produce. The opioid drug class includes opiates like heroin and a variety of highly-addictive prescription painkillers. Is It Dangerous To Detox From Opiates Cold Turkey_ Intense Physical Dependencies

Every drug within this class has the potential to be abused in a manner which leads to addiction, overdose, and withdrawal, some more so than others.

Opioid painkillers are responsible for countless addictions; these drugs include:

Opioids create their effects due to the way they work on your central nervous system (CNS), an impact that produces the pain-relieving and euphoric effects opioid are known for. The effects on the CNS system are also what produce withdrawal, should the drug suddenly become absent, or the dosage drastically reduced.

When a person takes an opioid on a regular basis, either through prescribed or illicit use, their body may become reliant on it to function. This is called a physical dependency. A dependency from prescribed use does not mean a person is addicted, however, it may mean that they encounter symptoms of withdrawal should they quit cold turkey.

When a dependency is accompanied by patterns of drug seeking and using, intense cravings, and drug-induced adverse health effects, among other things, the dependency is part of an addicted state.

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What Is Opioid Withdrawal?

Once a person’s body has become physically dependent on a drug there’s a good chance their body will react harshly to the drug’s absence, often in painful and uncomfortable ways.

Symptoms of opioid withdrawal can become intense and debilitating without the proper, specialized treatment. Withdrawal can cause a person to have goosebumps, hence the name “cold turkey.” In addition to this it may also include:

  • abdominal cramping
  • agitation
  • anxiety
  • dilated (enlarged) pupils
  • diarrhea
  • insomnia
  • intense cravings
  • muscle aches and pains
  • nausea and vomiting
  • sweating
  • restless leg syndrome
  • runny nose
  • teary eyes
  • yawning

In many cases withdrawal associated with prescribed use isn’t as severe as that which accompanies addiction. Despite this, even those who are physically dependent from prescribed use should still judiciously taper their dosage as per a doctor’s orders.

For those who are addicted to heroin or prescription opioid painkillers, withdrawal should never be undergone without medical assistance. Attempting to do so can jeopardize a person’s safety, their pursuit of sobriety, and in certain cases, their life.

The Dangers Of Quitting Opioids Cold Turkey Is It Dangerous To Detox From Opiates Cold Turkey_ Withdrawal Can Cause A Person ToQuitting heroin or prescription painkillers can increase both the severity and danger of withdrawal symptoms.

Severe gastrointestinal distress, marked by diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, can cause extreme dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Our body requires fluids and electrolytes to function properly; without this, certain important systems within our body can begin to malfunction.

Another danger of withdrawal-induced vomiting are lung complications. Should a person vomit then inhale the vomit into their lungs (aspiration) they could develop aspiration pneumonia, a severe infection of the lungs.

According to MedlinePlus, this condition could cause:

  • abscesses within the lungs
  • respiratory failure
  • shock

If not promptly treated, this infection could spread to a person’s blood and travel throughout the body causing even more dangers. In certain cases this infection, and those complications which follow, could become so severe that they become life-threatening.

Can Opioid Withdrawal Cause Death?

Even though the direct symptoms of withdrawal are not in themselves life threatening, certain situations which result from them may very well be.
If a person aspirates their vomit there’s another way they could die: if a person breathes in their vomit and chokes they could suffocate.

Withdrawal symptoms can become very intense, to the point that some individuals contemplate, and even attempt, suicide.

Beyond these dangers, should a person relapse back to drug abuse as a way to curb withdrawal-associated cravings, they’re putting their life in jeopardy everyday. Overdose from opioids is a very real threat, even for individuals who have used chronically for extended periods of time.

Once a person returns to heroin or prescription opioid painkillers, they’re subjecting their body and brain to a dangerous drug which has the potential to cause illness and death in other ways.

The Risks And Dangers Of Continued Opioid Abuse

Even though these risks don’t happen directly because of withdrawal symptoms, it’s important to understand them. Should a person relapse during unsupervised withdrawal these are dangers continued drug abuse may expose an individual to down the road. Is It Dangerous To Detox From Opiates Cold Turkey_ Use Disorders Can Destroy A Person's

Opioid use disorders can destroy a person’s quality of life, leaving negative impacts on a person’s family life, career, finances, and educational pursuits. One of the ways this damage is experienced most intensely is within a person’s physical and mental health.

Opioid abuse and addiction may lead to:

  • brain damage and cognitive deficits
  • criminal activity
  • damage and disease to your organs (lungs, heart, kidneys, and liver)
  • hormonal and sexual dysfunction
  • miscarriage
  • mood disorders like depression
  • seizures
  • sleep problems
  • transmissible diseases like HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C
  • unsafe sex and unwanted pregnancies

Detoxifying in a safe, supportive environment, such as that provided by a medically-supervised detoxification program, is the first step towards protecting a person from these and other risks of opioid drug abuse.

Finding A Treatment Program That Treats Opioid Withdrawal

Treatment for opioid addictions quite often entails two parts: a medically-supervised detoxification and rehabilitation.

While you can pursue these treatments separately, choosing a program which offers both on site allows for a more seamless transition, and in turn, the opportunity for a more successful recovery.

These services can often be found within inpatient rehabilitation programs. In choosing a program which is formatted this way, an individual is afforded the opportunity to move directly from detoxification to treatment for the psychological addiction.

If you’d like more information on how to detox safely, within a medically-supervised detoxification program, contact today.

For More Information Related to “Is It Dangerous To Detox From Opiates Cold Turkey?” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From


Opiate Addiction and Low Testosterone

Opiate Addiction Low Testosterone_

Research shows that chronic opiate use can cause opiate induced hypogonadism, a condition which can result in markedly reduced testosterone levels in men. From these changes, a person’s health may become drastically out of balance. This is only one of many serious adverse health effects which can result from an opiate addiction.

Fortunately, with the help of the right treatment program, an individual can begin regaining improved physical and mental health while working to overcome their addiction.

What Are Opiates?

Opiates are directly derived from the opium poppy and include codeine, heroin, morphine, and opium. The term opioid includes these and synthetically-produced opioids which also bind to the opioid receptors in our brains and bodies.

It is this binding effect which creates the pain relief opioids are known for and also the euphoric state which many drug abusers seek. Taking opioids in greater than prescribed quantities to achieve this effect can quickly lead to addiction, as can self-medicating pain issues.

While prescription opioid painkillers can be safely used to manage pain, they are widely abused in ways which lead to addiction.

Examples of commonly abused opioid painkillers include:

Should an individual use these drugs on a chronic level they could develop certain side effects, including significant decreases in testosterone.

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Understanding Testosterone

Testosterone is the principal male sex hormone, or androgen, though women’s bodies do produce and rely upon this hormone as well, albeit in more limited amounts and instances.
Testosterone plays a vital role in regulating men’s health and overall physical functioning. As explained by Mayo Clinic, this hormone is essential within the production and upkeep of masculine physical characteristics.

In men, according to Mayo, testosterone is responsible for the following functions:

  • bone: density and red cell production in bone marrow
  • brain: aggression and sex drive (libido)
  • male sex organs: erectile function, prostate growth, and sperm production
  • muscle: mass and strength
  • skin: body hair, facial hair, and baldness

Opiate Addiction Low Testosterone_Responsible

When testosterone levels fall, these functions and processes can malfunction and/or slow down, leading to adverse health effects, illness, and disease.

In women, testosterone also effects sex drive, bone strength, muscle mass, and strength.

When an individual becomes addicted, the urge to use a substance begins to outweigh all else, including an individual’s pursuit of self-care and good health. A main characteristic of addiction is when a person continues to use a drug despite the knowledge that it’s creating physical or mental health problems.

Unfortunately, many individuals do not realize the impact that opioid drugs can have on testosterone levels, and in turn, other aspects of their health which are regulated and influenced by this hormone.

The Link Between Opiate Addiction And Low Testosterone

When an individual takes opiates over a prolonged period of time, either through prescribed use or within patterns of addiction, their principal sex hormones may be disrupted, especially testosterone.

Studies show that all opioid drugs have the capacity to prevent testosterone from reaching normal levels. Using opioids on a daily basis for more than a month may begin to imbalance a person’s endocrine system, the system which regulates hormonal function.

The exact way that an opioid drug impacts a person’s hormones is dependent on many factors, including, but not limited to a person’s unique physiological makeup and the amount and frequency of opioid abuse.

Opiate Addiction Low Testosterone_50%

It is believed that opioid-induced low testosterone can happen to either men or women, though research suggests the effects are more pronounced and life-altering in men. In fact, “Testosterone is suppressed by nearly 50% in opioid-using men,” as reported by journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

When this happens it’s termed opioid-induced endocrinopathy. “Opioid-induced endocrinopathy, specifically hypogonadism, is a physiological side effect in which opiate use suppresses the sex hormones, among other substances,” explains Practical Pain Management. Hypogonadism is clinically defined low testosterone.

Some research refers to these circumstances as opioid associated endocrinopathy or opioid related endocrinopathy, or even more specifically, opioid associated androgen deficiency (OPIAD).

Side Effects And Dangers Of Low Testosterone

While many of the side effects of low testosterone (low-T) are in themselves not debilitating, the cumulative effect of several experienced together can drastically reduce a person’s quality of life. Further, research illustrates that low testosterone may cause a greater risk of death, specifically premature death, in men.

In men, symptoms of low testosterone include:

  • anxiety
  • bone loss
  • decreased facial and body hair
  • decreased libido
  • delayed ejaculation
  • depression
  • erectile dysfunction
  • fatigue
  • fertility problems
  • hot flashes
  • increased fat deposits
  • low energy
  • night sweats
  • poor concentration
  • osteoporosis (may lead to bone fractures)
  • reduced bone density
  • reduced muscle mass and size
  • reduced muscle strength
  • reduced sperm count
  • disrupted sleep, including insomnia
  • sweating
  • weight gain

Women may experience some of these symptoms as well, aside from those which are specific to the male anatomy.

The mental effects of low-T, such as depression and poor concentration, could potentially impair an individual’s performance on the job or within school, as could insomnia. Some people may encounter intimacy or relationship issues as they experience sexual dysfunction.

Opiate Addiction Low Testosterone_DeathBeyond these effects, low testosterone may even jeopardize your life. ABC News reports that “Men with low testosterone had a 33 percent greater death risk over their next 18 years of life compared with men who had higher testosterone.”

One study found that low testosterone may also increase an individual’s risk of heart disease, a factor which has been shown to contribute to low-T’s role in premature death.

Elaborating on this, ScienceDaily reports that within the period of study, nearly two times the number of men with low-T died versus those who had normal levels of the hormone.

Opioid abuse carries has its own side effects and dangers, some of which can be even more debilitating and dangerous than those associated with low testosterone. For this reason, both comprehensive medical and addiction treatment is often necessary.

Treating Low Testosterone And Opiate Addictions

If an individual is believed to have low testosterone, laboratory tests may be ordered to confirm these suspicions, so that the appropriate treatment may be administered. Low testosterone may be treated with androgen (testosterone) replacement therapy.

If you or a loved one is suffering from low testosterone caused by an opioid addiction, your treatment plan should focus on treating both the addiction and the hormonal imbalance. Opioid abuse, especially that which accompanies patterns of addiction, can be life-threatening, as opioid drugs are very potent and hold a great potential for overdose.

Because of this, it’s critical that you seek treatment as soon as possible. In addition to low testosterone, opioid addictions can lead to brain damage and cognitive difficulties, organ damage and failure, transmissible diseases, and a host of other side effects and dangers.

Some individuals may determine that they wish to treat the addiction before addressing the low testosterone, whereas others may desire to treat both at the same time; the exact order of treatment should be determined by the specific circumstances surrounding your health and addiction.

It’s important to speak with a physician and addiction specialist to ensure you’re making the best decision for your unique health needs. Doing so will help to ensure that you receive thorough and timely care for each condition.

Not every treatment facility will be equipped to treat hypogonadism and low testosterone. A limited number of facilities offer medical support and the proper therapies to treat hypogonadism. When selecting a treatment program you should take into account this condition and any other health and medical concerns which could influence your treatment needs.

When health and medical issues are present alongside of addiction, an inpatient drug rehabilitation center is quite often the best choice. If low testosterone is causing anxiety or depression, a dual diagnosis treatment program should be considered so that these co-occurring disorders are effectively managed.

Contact our highly-trained addiction specialists at today for more information on treatment programs which address health and medical needs.

For More Information Related to ” Opiate Addiction and Low Testosterone” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From



The National Institute on Drug Abuse — Commonly Abused Drugs Charts
MedlinePlus — Could you have low testosterone?

Insomnia from Cocaine Use Insomnia from Cocaine Use

Cocaine gives the user an intense rush of energy that can persist long after the euphoria wears off, and often leads to insomnia. An addiction treatment program helps people overcome cocaine addiction and get back into a normal sleep pattern.

Does Cocaine Lead To Insomnia?

A person struggling with a cocaine addiction may not be able to find any enjoyment in life without the drug, so they start using it more often in an attempt to feel better. The more a person uses cocaine, the less productive sleep they get. Many people who abuse cocaine develop a co-occurring disorder of cocaine addiction and insomnia.

Even with low doses of cocaine, a person experiences a rush of dopamine into the central nervous system (CNS). Cocaine stops the brain from reabsorbing this dopamine, so when a person uses cocaine, they may become overly energetic and elated. Actually, cocaine speeds up the whole body, and as the initial high wears off, the brain and circadian cycle are interrupted; especially after long-term use. Insomnia from Cocaine Use 7,000 People

Insomnia is defined as habitual sleeplessness, or an inability to sleep. Whether it’s a result of caffeine, stress, anxiety, change of environment, depression, eating too late, alcohol, or cocaine, insomnia is difficult to manage.

Sleep disruption is common in people who struggle with cocaine use.

Some of the most frequently reported sleep problems with cocaine addiction are:

  • sleep deficits
  • declines in sleep quality and quantity
  • lack of awareness of sleep problems
  • impairments in learning and attention

The truth is that cocaine-induced insomnia is more than just a sleep problem; it can actually contribute to relapse. As a result of relapse, a person may start a vicious cycle of using cocaine to try to feel normal.

Cocaine abuse can also lead to cognitive deficits involving sleep patterns, and even though people don’t realize it, they become addicted and use more of the drug to try to get back on a normal sleep schedule.

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What Is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a naturally-occurring derivative of the coca plant. It’s a water-soluble white powder that can be snorted, inhaled, smoked, or injected into the veins. Cocaine belongs to a drug class known as CNS stimulants, and is abused for the feeling of euphoria and increase in energy it produces.

The effects of snorted cocaine take a few minutes to be fully active, then wear off after 15 to 30 minutes. Smoked or injected cocaine kicks in almost instantly, but wears off faster than when the drug is snorted. Insomnia from Cocaine Use Impair The Brain's

In some cases, the high from cocaine will last up to an hour, but for the most part cocaine produces a short-term euphoria characterized by intense bursts of energy. The psychological effects of cocaine don’t always wear off as rapidly as the initial high, and it’s common for the drug to disrupt sleep patterns.

Someone might stay up late as a result of cocaine, but this habit can have vast effects on the body and mind. Continuing to use cocaine can result in addiction—which becomes the obsession and compulsion to use a drug.

What Are The Dangers Of Cocaine-Induced Insomnia?

Sleep is vital to our physical and mental health. Getting the right amount of sleep contributes to healing and repairing the heart, as well as the blood vessels, and allowing the brain to rest.

Cocaine may impair the brain’s ability to gauge its own need for sleep. Sleep deficiency is a common contributor to heart disease, kidney disease, diabetes, stroke, and high blood pressure. Insomnia from Cocaine Use Do Not Perceive Sleep Problems

Not only does insomnia lead to mental and physical problems, it can also contribute to the likelihood of relapse. Dr. Robert Mallison of Yale stated that “unlike most people with chronic insomnia, including alcoholics, cocaine abusers do not perceive sleep problems and may not ask clinicians for treatment to improve sleep,” (National Institute on Drug Abuse).

Because sleep problems aren’t always recognized, they aren’t addressed, and therefore they persist over time. As a result, insomnia can lead to cognitive impairment, which often renders treatment less effective.

Withdrawal Symptoms Of Cocaine

When a person suffering from cocaine addiction stops using the drug, they may first experience a crash followed by withdrawal. Depending on the amount of cocaine they used, withdrawal can last anywhere from one to three weeks. Certain withdrawal symptoms, like depression, can last for months after a person stops using cocaine.

Certain cocaine withdrawal symptoms may be exacerbated by insomnia, including:

  • agitation
  • depression
  • fatigue
  • lack of pleasure
  • restlessness
  • general discomfort
  • vivid and unpleasant dreams
  • fear and anxiety
  • paranoia
  • suicidal thoughts

Cocaine does more than disrupt sleep patterns. From 1999 to 2015, there were 86,468 cocaine overdose deaths in the United States. That is an average of 15 people per day.

Cocaine Addiction Treatment

Cocaine abuse can lead to addiction after just a couple uses, but overcoming cocaine is possible. Addiction is a disease recognizable by the obsession and compulsion to use a drug. Even though recovery may seem bleak, addiction is still treatable, and so is insomnia.

In treating a co-occurring disorder, many people will attempt to stop using drugs, but neglect to treat the mental disorder as well. Failing to treat an insomnia disorder that occurs with cocaine addiction is known to cause relapse.

Overcoming a cocaine addiction isn’t always easy. Withdrawal symptoms like insomnia, anxiety, and irritability can make recovery hard, but they don’t make it impossible.

The trusted professionals at a drug rehab center understand addiction, and help addicted individuals overcome the obsession and compulsion to use cocaine. Treatments focus on attitudes, behaviors, relapse prevention, accountability, and understanding how individuals react to their environment.

Contact us today to learn more about cocaine addiction and treatment options.

For More Information Related to “Insomnia from Cocaine Use” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From



U.S. National Library of Medicine—Cocaine

Diazepam (Valium) Withdrawal And Detox

Diazepam (Valium) Withdrawal And Detox_

Anyone who suddenly stops taking Valium after taking it for more than three to four weeks is very likely to experience withdrawal from the drug. Diazepam withdrawal may cause a variety of side effects when the drug is no longer consumed.

Benzodiazepines, like Valium, are often prescribed to treat insomnia and excessive anxiety. Tolerance to diazepam develops rapidly in the body, which makes long-term use of this drug dangerous because it can lead to dosage increases.

Diazepam (Valium) Withdrawal And Detox_WithdrawalIncreasing the dose of diazepam makes stopping use of the drug more difficult. Once a person becomes accustomed to the increased amount, he or she will not be able to suddenly stop taking the drug without experiencing uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms.

The process of gradually removing Valium from the body is referred to as detoxification. The detox process allows individuals to slowly remove diazepam from their bodies while minimizing the uncomfortable symptoms of withdrawal.

Individuals who need to taper off diazepam must do so gradually. For this reason, it may be best for addicted individuals to undergo detoxification at an inpatient treatment facility that can monitor dosage amounts carefully and ensure the greatest comfort level possible.

Factors That Can Affect Diazepam Withdrawal

The following factors may influence the duration and severity of withdrawal from diazepam:

  • Time period of drug consumption—the greater the frequency of diazepam abuse, the greater the tolerance and degree of dependency.
  • Dose amount—the detoxification process may be extended for people who have abused larger doses, as this often reflects a greater dependence on diazepam.
  • Individual circumstances—Someone’s environment, behavioral tendencies, and their genetic makeup can all influence the withdrawal and detox process.
  • Level of dependence on diazepam—Valium is a strong psychiatric medication, with a high risk potential for abuse. When dependence is formed, withdrawing from diazepam becomes much more difficult.

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Diazepam (Valium) Withdrawal Timeline

Diazepam (Valium) is a long-acting benzodiazepine. This means that withdrawal from diazepam may take longer than withdrawal from other drugs because it has a greater half-life than some other benzodiazepines.

Withdrawing from diazepam can be broken down into two main stages: acute withdrawal and late withdrawal. Acute withdrawal from diazepam occurs first, typically within the first two weeks of stopping diazepam.

Late withdrawal has less to do with the physical symptoms of withdrawing from diazepam and more to due with the psychological symptoms. Depending on the severity of the addiction, the amount of diazepam abused, and duration of abuse, late withdrawal symptoms can sometimes last for years.

Although the withdrawal timeline will vary for each person, it tends to occurring in the following pattern.

During the first 24-48 hours after the last dose of diazepam, individuals may feel symptoms like anxiety and restlessness. These symptoms will gradually increase in severity the more time the body goes without another dose of diazepam. Diazepam withdrawal symptoms tend to peak around the two-week mark. Initial symptoms of anxiety and restlessness will worsen and other uncomfortable symptoms may also occur.

Generally, withdrawal symptoms from diazepam continue for up to one month after discontinuing use. The intensity felt in previous weeks begins to taper off around week three, making things more manageable.

Individuals who have suffered from addiction to benzodiazepines, like diazepam can sometimes experience post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS). PAWS can occur suddenly, months after, and sometimes even years after not having experienced any diazepam withdrawal symptoms.

Signs And Symptoms Of Diazepam (Valium) Withdrawal

Due to diazepam’s long-lasting effects, an individual may not show signs or symptoms of withdrawal for several days.

Acute diazepam withdrawal symptoms are unique to each individual, but can include:

  • tremors
  • abdominal or muscle cramps
  • vomiting
  • sweating
  • headaches
  • muscle pain
  • extreme anxiety
  • tension
  • restlessness
  • confusion and irritability

In some severe cases, people can also experience late withdrawal from diazepam:

  • derealization (believing what is real is not real)
  • depersonalization (periods of feeling disconnected or detached from one’s body and thoughts)
  • hyperacusis (extremely decreased tolerance to normal environmental sounds)
  • numbness or tingling in arms and legs
  • hypersensitivity to light, noise, and physical contact
  • hallucinations
  • epileptic seizures

Medically-Supervised Diazepam (Valium) Detox

Detoxification from diazepam can be dangerous without medical guidance. Suddenly stopping diazepam can send the body into shock and cause withdrawal symptoms to be more severe and potentially life-threatening.

The largest factor in detoxification from diazepam is the severity of the addiction to it. The more severe the addiction, the longer the detox period will take. Because the body is exposed to much larger doses of diazepam with a more severe addiction, people with severe addictions will require more time to taper off the medication in a safe and reasonable manner.

Risks Of Abusing Benzodiazepines

Risks of abusing benzodiazepines like diazepam can include driving impairment, morbidity, and mortality related to overdose and withdrawal. Patients 55 years and older have been shown to have increased cognitive decline, dementia, and falls due to long-term abuse of diazepam. Some research also reports evidence of increased mortality among all age groups with long-term use.

Diazepam (Valium) Withdrawal And Detox_BenzodiazepinesSome people who abuse diazepam long-term may also experience Rebound Anxiety, a transient syndrome where the symptoms that led to treatment of diazepam (Valium) happen again in an enhanced form. Rebound anxiety may occur upon discontinuation of treatment, and may be accompanied by other reactions including mood changes, anxiety, and restlessness.

People stopping use or abuse of diazepam should gradually decrease the dosage to avoid the increased risk of withdrawal and rebound anxiety when treatment is abruptly discontinued.

The Importance Of Treatment After Detox

While detox may be necessary for people who are stopping use of diazepam, detox alone is not a complete treatment. After an addicted individual has completed detox, he or she is ready for formal treatment.

Treatment will look different from one person to the next, but people struggling with a severe addiction to benzodiazepines like Valium may benefit most from an inpatient treatment program. Seeking treatment at a drug rehab center allows individuals to receive care that is customized to their needs, access evidence-based treatment methods, and surround themselves with peers who are also in addiction recovery.

For More Information Related to “Diazepam (Valium) Withdrawal And Detox” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From



Food and Drug Administration—VALIUM® brand of diazepam TABLETS
National Center for Biotechnological Information—Management of benzodiazepine misuse and dependence
U.S. National Library of Medicine—Diazepam

Vegan-Friendly Drug And Alcohol Rehab Centers

Vegan-Friendly Drug And Alcohol Rehab Centers

No two drug and alcohol treatment programs are the same. Today, many forward-thinking drug and alcohol treatment centers now approach recovery with the whole individual in mind, including diet and nutrition. When it comes to a healthy diet during recovery, veganism has a lot to offer.

What is Veganism?

Veganism is the most restrictive form of vegetarianism. No animal products are consumed, at all, including eggs and dairy products. It can be a major lifestyle change to adapt to veganism, and may not be right for everyone. However, veganism can be beneficial to some people recovering from drugs and/or alcohol.

The Benefits Of A Vegan Diet During Detox And Treatment

Vegan-Friendly Drug And Alcohol Rehab Centers _Vegan DietThe first few weeks of recovery are typically the most difficult. They are filled with emotional ups and downs caused by major hormone swings in the body. These hormone swings can bring about excess weight gain, as is common in people going through the process of quitting a substance.

A vegan diet can help someone in recovery maintain a healthy weight throughout their recovery. Studies have also shown a vegan diet can promote clear skin, decrease the risk of heart disease and type II diabetes, and help in preventing some cancers.

Additionally, many nutritionist believe that the mood disorders experienced during recovery from drugs and alcohol may happen, at least in part, due to an excess of Omega-6 fatty acids. Omega-6 fatty acids make up a majority of the American diet. They can be found in foods like vegetable oil, salad dressing, cookies, and french fries, to name a few.

However, some studies show that a leafy-green diet, like veganism, rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, can have a positive effect on mood. This type of diet has also been shown to reduce anxiety and depression markers in some people, which is a major benefit to those in recovery. Foods that are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids can include but are not limited to:

  • kale
  • spinach
  • cabbage
  • brussel sprouts
  • seeds (pumpkin, sun flower, and flax)
  • olive oil and fish oil

Vegan-Friendly Drug And Alcohol Rehab Centers _Omega-3 Rich Foods

Omega-3 fatty acids have also been known to benefit eye and heart health, joints, and overall brain function. Diets that include a lot of omega-3 fatty acids typically are low in the types of fats that slow digestion, this can be helpful when going through the initial detox period of recovery.

Plant-based diets can also battle against inflammation which helps to keep many diseases at bay including breast and ovarian cancer, and obesity. After a long-time addiction a vegan diet can be an excellent source of antioxidants, which is very beneficial in fighting off free radicals in an abused body.

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Drug And Alcohol Rehabs That Provide Vegan-Friendly Options

When selecting a rehabilitation center that provides a vegan-friendly diet option it is also important to consider the additional services that may be offered, as well. A holistic focus on the mind and body through various therapies, exercise courses, and mindfulness practices can be very beneficial to some as they go through the process of recovery.

Stabilizing one’s mood during the initial recovery process may mean the difference between a successful and an unsuccessful recovery. A meat-free diet, in combination with plenty of exercise and counseling, can be the key to leveling out your mood and providing clarity needed to quit the addictive substance.

The following are examples of drug and alcohol treatment centers that have been recognized by PETA to provide vegetarian-friendly (including vegan) diet options as wells as other holistic treatment services, to service the whole individual.

The Caron Foundation, is located in Berks County, Pennsylvania and offers five-star eating. “…the Caron Foundation is a vegan’s paradise.” A not-for-profit leader in behavioral health and addiction rehab. The Caron Foundation has impacted thousands of lives in their 60 years of service.

The Meadows, is located in Wickenburg Arizona and has helped patients for 40 years with various types of addiction including drug and alcohol and eating disorders. The Meadows has a holistic approach to healing and believes that to fully heal one must address the underlying conditions that lead to addiction.

These are just a few examples of treatment centers that offer vegan diets, and more centers are adding this option to their offerings everyday. It is important to consider these options and many more as you decide on the right place for your individual needs.

If a vegan-friendly diet is a serious concern, it may be important to ask if the treatment center has a licensed nutritionist on-site that can help address your individual needs on a one-on-one basis. This can help you get the greatest benefit from your rehab experience and allow you to maintain this lifestyle choice into the future, beyond your recovery.

Drug and alcohol treatment is becoming less about treating the symptoms of addiction and more about treating the individual at the source of their addiction. Recovering at a vegan-friendly drug and alcohol treatment center could mean all the difference.

For More Information Related to “Vegan-Friendly Drug And Alcohol Rehab Centers” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From



Harvard Health Publishing Harvard Medical School – Is a vegetarian or vegan diet for you?

What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center

While every drug rehabilitation center differs in what is and isn’t allowed, there are some items that are generally prohibited. What’s more, strict policies serve to provide the best care in a variety of effective treatment options.

Drug Rehab Centers Have Different Policies

In 2014, the Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) conducted a survey that showed over 21 million people needed treatment for abusing drugs or alcohol. Out of all those people struggling with some kind of drug addiction, the sad truth is only around 2 million people received the proper treatment they needed. For whatever reason, it is clear that people suffering from drug addiction are unwilling to seek critical treatment needed for recovery.

Deciding to enter a drug rehabilitation center is a major choice, and one that requires in-depth research to ensure you’re receiving the best treatment for you. What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center Over 21 Milllion people

What to bring, and what not to bring, to a drug rehabilitation center can be difficult to access, and may add more stress to an already stressful situation. It is important to understand that all rehabilitation centers are different, and may implement different policies. Which policies are implemented depend on the particular center, level of care, and specific needs of the individual.

You may want to check out the drug rehabilitation center’s frequently asked questions (FAQs) page for more information. Regardless of which center you choose, there are things you should never bring to a drug rehabilitation center.

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What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center

Across the board, it is generally the case that all drug rehab centers will have strict policies and rules for treatment. Strict policies promote good health, a stable and safe environment, and fewer distractions during the rehabilitation process. While all treatment and drug rehabilitation centers have different rules, the following items are generally prohibited:

  • illicit drugs
  • alcohol
  • food or drinks
  • unnecessary prescription medication
  • weapons of any kind
  • opened or previously used over the counter medications
  • pornography
  • clothing with inappropriate language or images
  • excessive amounts of jewelry or makeup

This may not be a complete list of every item you cannot bring to drug rehab, but does include common things that are usually considered problematic for your recovery. These items may also be construed as suspicious or potentially used to sneak drugs in, tempt you to seek a desired high or escape by any means possible, or pose safety risks to yourselves or others.

The above items are likely to be prohibited at all drug rehabilitation centers, but other items may be restricted, or possibly allowed, at some centers.

Items That May Be Restricted Or Prohibited What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center No Cell PhonesSome items may simply prove to be too much of a distraction. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disorder that requires extensive measures to treat. Any unnecessary distraction may inhibit the success of treatment. Some of these items may be prohibited or restricted:

Restricted items may be available for use under certain caveats or stipulations. While this may seem harsh, these items are restricted to benefit the individual and provide essential lifestyle changes needed in order to beat addiction. Before you jump to conclusions, it is crucial to understand why successful treatment demands letting some things go during the process.

Why Certain Items Are Restricted Or Prohibited

As you research drug rehabilitation centers, it may be frustrating to come across so many strict rules and policies for treatment. However, it is crucial to understand why drug rehab centers operate in ways that seem restrictive, or even oppressive. Drug addiction is a disease that changes a person’s behavior, and drug rehabilitation centers enact policies to make sure these complex behaviors do not influence the course of treatment.

When a person uses drugs, they are likely to act in ways that only serve their addiction. For example, a person may continue to use drugs despite obvious harm to themselves or others. Successful treatment must then employ strict policies to change destructive behavior.

By the time people enter a drug rehab facility, they are often to the point where drugs have taken over their lives. Abusing drugs is likely all they think about, and can disrupt their relationships to family, the workplace, and the community. Treating addiction is more than just stopping use of a particular drug, but must address all aspects of the person’s life, needs, and behavior in order to be successful.

This is why the most effective programs inform people what not to bring to a drug rehabilitation center, so the person can limit all distraction and focus solely on improving their choices and behavior.

Understanding what treatment options are available may be useful for getting in the right mindset, and willingly leave the extraneous things behind.

Drug Rehabilitation Treatment Options

Effective programs implement a variety of treatment options. These include:

Family Therapy is especially useful for younger populations struggling with drug addiction. The person will examine how family interacts with their drug use, and how certain dynamics or relationships may contribute to the cycle of abuse.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy aims to help patients deal with stressful situations that may occur outside of the facility after treatment. In order to get better, the person must change their attitudes and behavior about using drugs.

Motivational Enhancement Therapy works to change internal behaviors that can help a person become more responsive to seeking treatment in the future. The person may be less concerned with what not to bring to a drug rehabilitation center, and more focused on getting better and receiving treatment.

Contingency Management uses positive reinforcement to reward behavior that is needed for successful treatment. Things like staying drug free, engaging in counseling and therapy sessions, and limiting distractions may be rewarded in order to reinforce productive behavior. What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center Family Therapy

Modifying a person’s behavior and attitude towards drugs require multiple components that also include substance abuse monitoring, recovery support programs, and constant care. All these components, and many more, establish a person will get quality treatment; however, they only make a difference when the person is 100% committed to getting better.

Asking what not to bring to a drug rehabilitation center matters less than an individual’s willingness to put themselves out there, engage in therapeutic activities, and do whatever it takes to beat drug addiction.

For More Information Related to “What Not To Bring To A Drug Rehabilitation Center” Be Sure To Check Out These Additional Resources From



NIDA – Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations
NIDA – The Science of Addiction: How do the best treatment programs help?
NIDA – Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction