Substance abuse impacts the lives of many families in Oklahoma. According to the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, nearly 11.9Â percent of Oklahoma residents abuse a drug and need treatment. While a large number of families in Oklahoma face challenges with substance abuse, a rising concern is the abuse of opioid drugs. When you have concerns about a loved one’s use of opiate pain relievers or heroin, you want to consider treatment options.
What Are Opioids?
Opioids refer to a class of medications or drugs that impact the opioid receptors in your brain and body, says the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The drugs may refer to illicit and legal substances.
Legal opioids are usually prescription pain relievers, like hydrocodone or codeine. A doctor may prescribe the medication to help with pain management after a surgical procedure or after an accident. It may also be used when you have moderate to severe chronic pain that impacts your quality of life.
Unfortunately, opioid drugs are very addictive and may cause a physical dependence when you or a loved one uses the drug for legitimate medical reasons. As a result, a loved one may find it difficult to stop taking the medication without facing uncomfortable or even painful withdrawal symptoms. In some cases, a loved one may face an addiction to the substance.
Illicit opioids refer to heroin and related drugs. Heroin is made from morphine and may cause an addiction when you or a loved one takes the substance. The drug is highly addictive and is an illegal substance.
Heroin AndÂ The Dangers OfÂ The Drug
Heroin abuse is dangerous for your health or the health of a loved one. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, heroin binds to the opioid receptors in the brain rapidly after taking the drug and causes a feeling of euphoria, or a high. The drug also causes your heart rate to increase and changes your breathing patterns shortly after it enters your system.
Short-term heroin abuse may cause physical discomfort like nausea and vomiting, as well as going in and out of consciousness. When an individual uses the drug from an extended period, it may cause damage to the internal organs, infections within the heart and complications in your lungs, says the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, or SAMHSA, roughly 0.50 percent of young adults between 18 and 25 in Oklahoma use heroin. When you have concerns about a loved one’s use of opioidsÂ or a loved one shows signs of heroin abuse, you want to encourage immediate treatment. An overdose may result in the death of a loved one or may cause severe health complications.
Detoxification From OpioidsÂ In Oklahoma
Opioid abuse in Oklahoma may stem from a variety of different factors, including legitimate medical reasons. The problem is that a physical dependence causes uncomfortable and painful withdrawal symptoms.
You want to go through detoxification in Oklahoma before you start any further treatments to prevent distractions from your treatment and to avoid risks to your health. A medically supervised detoxification program allows you or a loved one the time to remove the drug from the system.
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, opioidÂ detoxification is not usually life-threatening; however, it is very uncomfortable and may cause severe pain in your body. Early symptoms develop within 12 hours after you or a loved one stop taking the drug.
In the early stages of withdrawal, you or a loved one may experience aches and pains throughout the body. Flu-like symptoms, such as chills and a runny nose, may also develop within a few hours. You may find it difficult to sleep and it causes a feeling of agitation or anxiety.
As your body removes the drug from your system, you may develop nausea or vomiting. It also causes diarrhea and abdominal cramping. In most cases, the worst symptoms start passing within 48 hours. The detoxification program will usually last from 3 to 7 days, depending on the severity of the substance abuse, the duration of substance abuse and your body’s ability to remove the substance. When you complete detoxification, you will no longer have the opioidÂ drug in your system.
Inpatient Treatment Options
After completing detoxification, you want to find a treatment program that works with your needs and goals. You have two options available for your recovery and care: inpatient and outpatient programs.
An inpatient program is any facility that you enter and stay for the duration of your treatment. The time you spend in the facility depends on the program, but usually ranges from 28 to 30 days. A long-term program may last from 60 to 120 days, depending on your needs and recovery goals. During your time in treatment, you or a loved one stays in the facility and is removed from the current home environment.
The treatment programs offer a variety of options to help with recovery goals. Facilities usually provide counseling, group therapy and family therapy as part of the treatment process. Counseling is an individual treatment that focuses on identifying the underlying causes of your substance abuse. It may identify a co-occurring disorder, like depression or anxiety, or it may focus on helping you resolve problems that add stress to your life.
Group therapy focuses on building a healthy support network. The other members of the group share their experiences with opioids and the challenges they face in recovery. It gives you a sense of community and helps you recognize that you are not alone in your recovery goals.
Family therapy builds your support network within your family. When you abuse an opioidÂ drug, it may impact your relationships and cause strife within you home. By working through the problems and gaining support from your loved ones, you have help when you leave the facility and your loved ones understand the challenges of recovery.
Inpatient programs may also offer evidence-based treatments, like cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy. Both treatments are a form of cognitive therapy. The treatments focus on identifying your thought patterns and then changing the thoughts that lead to dangerous or destructive behaviors. Dialectical behavioral therapy differs slightly because it focuses on causing a change in your life. It strives to change your behavior after accepting the current behavior patterns.
Holistic treatment programs within an inpatient facility recognize your needs as an individual. It offers a variety of treatments for physical health, emotional health and your spiritual health. Since individuals are more than just the physical body, a treatment program that offers solutions for many areas of your life may help with long-term goals. The treatments may include yoga, meditation and spiritual guidance. You may also have nutritional therapy, exercise programs and animal therapy as part of the treatment process. Holistic programs offer alternative treatments for your recovery goals while also providing traditional treatments to help with your situation.
Adventure therapy in an inpatient program allows you or a loved one to get out of the facility and engage with nature. It may include camping, hiking or other activities in an outdoor setting. The treatment teaches individuals important life skills and develops your health in a natural environment.
Outpatient Care For Opioids
When you do not have the option to enter an inpatient program or after completing the initial treatment in a residential facility, you may consider outpatient care. An outpatient treatment program for opioid abuse allows you to stay at home and go to the treatment throughout the day. You go to group therapy, family therapy and counseling during your treatment program.
Outpatient treatments may offer cognitive behavioral therapy as part of the counseling program. The primary downside is the stress that you face in your normal home environment or work environment. It does not remove you from the current situation or environment.
An outpatient program helps when you transition from an inpatient treatment program to your normal lifestyle. Since it provides support through group therapy, it may help when you face stressful situations or challenges.
Medication Assisted Treatments For Opioids
Medication assisted treatments for opioids are part of a treatment program. In some situations, a doctor may determine that you need medication to limit the health risks of withdrawal symptoms. For opioids, a doctor may recommendÂ buprenorphine or methadone as you go through the initial steps toward recovery.
The medication helps reduce the impact of withdrawal symptoms and allows you to focus on recovery. As you improve and work on recovery goals, a doctor gradually reduces the dosage of the medication.
Treatment Programs AvailableÂ In Oklahoma
Opioid treatment starts with finding a program that works with your situation and needs. In Oklahoma, you have a variety of options to assist with your recovery goals.
VizOwn is a residential program that recognizes the challenges of recovery. It provides traditional 12-step treatments, as well as alternative treatments, for substance abuse. The facility uses an individual approach to recovery and offer treatment for co-occurring disorders.
House of Home is a gender-specific residential program designed for men who are 18 years old or older. The program focuses on the specific needs of men in recovery and takes a holistic approach to the recovery process. Each individual has a personalized treatment plan based on their situation and health.
Valley Hope is a treatment program with two locations in Oklahoma. The program provides services for recovery from detoxification until you no longer need treatment. It offers residential care as well as outpatient treatments to help with your goals. The facility develops a personalized plan of action that includes traditional 12-step treatments, counseling services and medication assisted treatments based on your situation and your current health. It also focuses on healthy nutrition and exercise as part of recovery.
Seeking Treatment For OpioidsÂ In Oklahoma
When you have concerns about a loved one’s opioid use or you want to address opioid abuse in your own life, finding the right facility for your situation plays a key role in recovery. In Oklahoma, you have treatment options available to help with your specific needs and goals. To learn more about available treatment options in Oklahoma, contactÂ DrugRehab.org today.