Morphine Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms

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DrugRehab.org Morphine Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms

Morphine withdrawal symptoms occur after misusing the drug for three or more weeks, and suddenly stopping use. The rate at which withdrawal symptoms appear depend on how long and how much morphine was abused.

Symptoms of morphine withdrawal can include:

  • runny nose
  • watery eyes
  • fever
  • vomiting
  • headaches
  • sweating and chills
  • muscle aches
  • diarrhea
  • increased blood pressure
  • rapid heartbeat
  • depression and anxiety
  • insomnia

Morphine withdrawal symptoms can range from mild to severe. Severe anxiety and restlessness is common during morphine withdrawal. Some people can also experience hallucinations after stopping morphine.

Suddenly stopping morphine can increase the severity of withdrawal symptoms, compared to slowly reducing the amount morphine a little at a time. Many people who suffer from morphine addiction will also develop strong cravings for the drug while undergoing detox and withdrawal.

DrugRehab.org Morphine Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms Can Increase The Severity Of Withdrawal

Due to multiple factors influencing how fast withdrawal symptoms happen, they can start a few hours to a few days after the last dose of morphine was taken. Different individuals can have very different experiences withdrawing from morphine.

Influencing Factors In Morphine Withdrawal And Detox

The duration and severity of morphine withdrawal depends on a several different factors.

These factors include:

  • Amount and duration of morphine use: The more time and higher dose of morphine someone uses on a regular basis, the more likely they are to be dependent on the drug.
  • Biological or genetic influences: An individual’s family history of addiction and other biological factors such as specific hormone levels, can also contribute to someone’s drug dependency.
  • Co-occurring disorders: Any underlying medical or mental health conditions may impact drug dependence, withdrawal, and detox.
  • Polydrug abuse: If someone is abusing another drug while abusing morphine, this is considered polydrug use. Increasing more than one drug or substance at a time can increase the risk of developing more significant dependence, at a faster rate. This type of drug abuse will need to be addressed to ensure optimal comfort during detox and withdrawal.
  • Environmental factors: Stress, peer pressure, and an individual’s external environment can also contribute to drug abuse and dependence.

All these factors can influence the severity and duration of the morphine addiction withdrawal process. Detoxing from morphine is an individual experience, and the symptoms and timing of morphine withdrawal will vary from person to person.

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Morphine Withdrawal

Withdrawing from morphine can be a highly stressful process. Withdrawal symptoms can begin as soon as six hours after the last dose of morphine. Physical withdrawal symptoms typically last three to seven days, and psychological withdrawal symptoms can last for weeks, sometimes years.

The withdrawal process is different for every individual suffering from morphine addiction. To increase the likelihood of successful recovery, inpatient treatment is advised.

Morphine Withdrawal Timeline

Even though withdrawal will vary in each individual, it follows the same basic pattern. Within the first six to 14 hours withdrawal symptoms begin to appear. Anxiety, mood swings, and drug cravings are often amount these first symptoms.

Flu-like symptoms like chills, sweating, muscle aches, fever, and runny nose, follow the initial symptoms, and occur between 14 to 48 hours after the last dose.

People who have detoxed from other drugs are also more likely to experience trouble sleeping, rapid heartbeat, disorientation, and irritability during the withdrawal process. As physical symptoms begin to peak, some people may also begin to feel nauseous and vomit.

DrugRehab.org Morphine Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms Physcial Withdrawal Symptoms Typically Last

Three to five days after the last dose, most physical symptoms will start to decrease. Symptoms like muscle aches and nausea may start to lessen. As these physical symptoms fade out, psychological symptoms typically start to intensify.

Six or more days after the last dose, some physical symptoms are gone and psychological symptoms like anxiety, irritability, depression and drug cravings continue for weeks, possibly months.

Addiction To Morphine

Morphine is considered a highly addictive opiate and tolerance to morphine can develop quickly. Brand names for morphine include: Arymo ER, Kadian, Morphabond, and MS Contin. Some street names for morphine can include: Dreamer, MS, God’s drug, Hows, Mr. Blue and Morph.

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies morphine as a Schedule II drug, which is one of the highest levels of controlled medical substances. An estimated two million people in the U.S. are struggling with opioid addiction, including morphine.

Morphine is often prescribed to people with chronic pain conditions, who have developed too a high tolerance to another opioid painkiller like OxyContin, according to The Mayo Clinic. Once a tolerance to morphine develops, the body and brain can become dependent on it. Even people taking morphine as a prescription can develop a dependence on the drug.

Morphine is not easily available due to its high risk of dependence and addiction. When people can no longer obtain morphine through a prescription, it is possible for them to become addicted to heroin. Heroin is most readily available illicitly and converts to morphine when processed by the brain.

Individualized treatment for morphine addiction increases the likelihood of recovering from this addiction.

Signs And Symptoms Of Morphine Addiction

Although it is possible to identify morphine addiction by withdrawal symptoms, there are other signs that can indicate someone is struggling with morphine addiction.

These symptoms and signs include:

  • Changes in sleeping habits: Some people find it difficult to sleep or stay asleep while taking morphine. Others tend to sleep a lot, or go to sleep much later in the day.
  • Changes in appetite: Morphine addiction may be present if someone is eating a lot more or a lot less than normal. This change is a not a skipped meal or over indulgence of chocolate cake, it is a huge change that may signal the presence of addiction.
  • Changes in mood: While under the influence of morphine, some people may become excessively friendly and loving. People struggling with addiction can become extremely irritable, impatient, or defensive when questioned about their drug use. As a result, they may isolate themselves and become antisocial.
  • Changes in priorities: If someone loses interest in something they once loved like a favorite sport, group of friends, after school club, or time with their family, it can be a serious indication that something is wrong.
  • Complaining about vague symptoms: Whether physical pain or sleep-related, people who cannot obtain a prescription for morphine will complain about these generic symptoms in an effort to gain access other prescription pain relievers.

Medically-Supervised Morphine Detoxification

Medications that are currently approved for treating morphine addiction include buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone. Stopping morphine suddenly can cause severe and painful withdrawal symptoms. Using medications to lessen the severity of these symptoms can promote a better quality of life for someone undergoing morphine detox and withdrawal.

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Depending on the severity of the morphine addiction, some medical professionals may start morphine detox by slowly decreasing the current dosage. By slowly tapering off morphine dosage, the body has a chance to adjust to functioning on smaller and smaller amounts of the drug.

Medically-supervised morphine detox can improve an individual’s chances of fully recovering from addiction and living an opioid-free life.

Treatment For Morphine Addiction

Detox and withdrawal are only the first steps in recovery. Treating opioid addiction includes a comprehensive look at individuals and their circumstances. Treatment for morphine addiction often includes therapy, support groups, and sometimes medications.

Treating the person as a whole, can greatly improve chances of completing a successful recovery. Get in touch with us today to find treatment for morphine addiction and withdrawal symptoms.

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Sources

U.S. National Library of Medicine, MedlinePlus — Morphine