Individuals across the nation struggle with opioid and/or heroin use. In fact, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), about 90 Americans each day die from opioid overdose. It’s largely a combination of misuse and dependence that has evolved into a national crisis.
The state of Michigan is certainly opioid and heroin abuse, addiction, and dependence. Annual overdose deaths in the U.S. are greater than that of fatal car accidents and gun violence. Yet, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), only about 7,500 people are enrolled in opioid addiction and dependence treatment programs in Michigan.
Further, SAMHSA states that of those ages 12 and older who experience drug dependence or abuse in Michigan, only about 18 percent will ever receive treatment. That’s a problem, as long-term opioid dependence has the potential for far-reaching consequences, both for the affected individual and their friends and family.
The good news is that because of the increase in opioid use, more and more is being done to raise awareness throughout Michigan and throughout the country. Understanding how opioids impact the body ,and where those challenged with opioid addiction and dependence issues can go to receive more information on treatment, will help you or a loved one find a drug rehab center and begin your addiction recovery.
Opioids: What You Need To Know
Opioids are a type of drug that is designed to treat and/or relieve pain. Specifically, they work on the body’s central nervous system and are found in tablets, capsules, and in liquid forms.
One common misconception that many people have about opioids is that they are all illegal. While it’s true that certain opioids are illegal—such as heroin—opioids are also commonly found in prescription medications, such as OxyContin, morphine ,and Vicodin, among others. Noting this, opioids may come into play both when it comes to using and abusing illegal drugs as well as when individuals become dependent on opioid-containing pain relievers. Some common signs and symptoms of opioid abuse include uncontrollable cravings, profuse sweating, mood swings, constipation, small pupils, and shallow breathing. In the case of an opioid overdose, the symptoms may intensify into respiratory failure, poor circulation, or unresponsiveness, all of which can lead to eventual death.
According to data from the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, MLive.com, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), doctors prescribe about 11 million opioid-containing prescriptions per year in Michigan, a number that exceeds the state’s population. What’s more is that 1,275 Michigan residents died from opioid overdoses in 2015—that’s more than from both traffic fatalities and gun deaths combined. For this and other reasons, receiving treatment for opioid dependence is extremely important.
Heroin: What You Need To Know
Heroin is an illegal, opioid-containing drug. Also known as diamorphine, it’s a highly addictive drug that’s often injected into the bloodstream, and known for the state of euphoria it produces. Research suggests that Michigan residents are about twice as likely to overdose on opioid-containing prescription drugs than they are heroin. Even so, nearly 400 Michigan residents died from heroin overdoses in 2015.
Detox From Opioids And Heroin
When an individual makes the decision to overcome dependence on opioids and/or heroin, usually the first step is detoxing from the drugs. Detox is simply the practice of stopping use of a particular drug. While detoxing cleanses the body from any sort of toxin, side effects are often common, especially if the individual struggled with long-term abuse, or took high levels of opioids or heroin.
The early stages of withdrawal symptoms typically range from one week to one month and often include anxiety, irritation, sweating, muscle aches, insomnia, and low energy. Following the conclusion of early-stage withdrawal symptoms, post-acute symptoms typically begin. These may occur for weeks, months, or even years after the early-stage symptoms and include mood swings, fatigue, and a lack of enthusiasm, among others.
There are various medications that can assist and help manage the withdrawal symptoms and side effects that may be experienced. The most common are methadone and buprenorphine (Suboxone, Subutex, Zubsolv). The former helps with withdrawal symptoms throughout the detox period, making it more manageable and easier, while the latter aims to decrease the time of the detox, while also alleviating withdrawal symptoms.
When it comes to overcoming dependence on opioids and/or heroin, there are two general courses of treatment following detox: inpatient treatment and outpatient treatment. Inpatient treatment is a more intensive type of treatment that consists of being admitted into a specialized treatment facility for 30, 60, 90, or up to 120 days. Inpatient treatment is essentially round-the-clock treatment, where individuals attend a number of one-on-one and group therapies throughout their stay, as well as partake in other activities designed to help replace unhealthy ones.
Though treatment centers vary on what types of therapies they specialize in, almost all include some form of group therapy. Group therapy can help patients relate with others who are struggling with the same challenges, and it can foster open and honest discussion about how their past has affected their lives and what needs to be done to make amends.
Another common type of treatment is cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, a psychotherapy that aims to replace negative thoughts and behavior with positive ones. There’s also dialectical behavior therapy, or DBT, which is designed to help individuals change behavior and also treat issues like mood disorders and mental health disorders.
Many inpatient treatment facilities are also incorporating more specialized and new-age therapies into their programs. One such method is holistic treatment, which may include activities such as yoga, meditation, massage therapy, and art therapy as a means of healing not just the body, but the mind and the spirit as well.
Another emerging therapy is adventure therapy, or wilderness therapy. Adventure therapy incorporates outdoor games and activities to help portray both a physical and emotional challenge to patients. Adventure therapy is also designed to help individuals build life skills and face and overcome issues, such as opioid and heroin dependence.
Outpatient treatment is generally a less intensive type of treatment that involves meeting for group therapy or one-on-one therapy several times a week. Unlike inpatient therapy, someone who is attending outpatient therapy is still able to go about their day-to-day life with the exception of the therapy sessions that they attend each week. Because of its less intensive nature, outpatient therapy is typically best for those who are overcoming less intense to moderate dependence challenges, and not intensive long-term use.
Outpatient centers may offer family counseling, faith-based counseling, and individuals may also receive such treatment with the assistance of certain medications.
This type of treatment permits individuals undergoing inpatient or outpatient therapies the chance to wean off opioids. The most common medication used for these purposes is buprenorphine (Suboxone, Subutex, Zubsolv), though Methadone may be prescribed as well in the case of heroin dependence. These medicines must be prescribed and must not be mixed with alcohol or other drugs. They work by mirroring the effects of opioids, but only partially. Over time, the dosages are gradually decreased to the point where the individual is completely weaned off the medication, and ideally free of opioid dependence.
Opioid And Heroin Drug Rehab Centers In Michigan
The good news for Michigan residents challenged with opioid and heroin dependence is that there are plenty of inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation centers where they can go to receive treatment. Opioid and heroin dependence is a very serious issue that almost always requires treatment to overcome.
If either you or a loved one is experiencing challenges with prescription opioids or heroin, you should seek help immediately. Visiting DrugRehab.org can help connect you with the right treatment centers and professionals.
For more information on opioid and heroin dependence, and to get the help needed to put you or a loved one back on the right track to a healthy lifestyle, contact DrugRehab.org today.
Michigan Opioid Drug Rehabs
- Ann Arbor (2)
Benton Harbor (1)
Dearborn Heights (1)
Grand Rapids (2)
Highland Park (1)
Madison Heights (1)
Mount Morris (1)
Mt. Pleasant (1)
Muskegon heights (1)
Oak Park (1)
Saint Clair Shores (1)
Sterling Heights (1)