Opioids are pain management medications that need to be prescribed by doctors. Although they are legal when used correctly, they are addictive and often abused. While some people obtain opioids with the intention of misusing them, addiction more often starts with people using them legally from a prescription and then becoming dependent.
The 2012 to 2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, or NSDUHs, showed an average in Kentucky of 4.31 percent of people aged 12 and up engaging in non-medical use of prescription pain-relievers in the past year. The rate was lower than previous years and was close to the middle of all states, which ranged from 3.41 to 5.31 percent. Nonetheless, Kentucky has been facing an opioid overdose epidemic like many other states. In 2015, Kentucky showed record numbers of drug overdose deaths due to opioids, with 1,248 deaths, according to the Lexington Herald-Leader,.
Since heroin is a drug similar to opioids, yet cheaper and easier to buy for illegal use, many people move from opioid to heroin use. Other people begin heroin use for recreational purposes. Like prescription opioids, heroin is within the opioid group. Heroin is an illegal street drug created from morphine and turned into powder or “black tar” heroin. People use heroin by smoking or snorting the powder, or injecting it after dissolving and diluting the drug. According to the 2014 to 2015 NSDUHs, 20,000 people in Kentucky aged 12 and older used heroin within the past year.
The use of an addictive substance often turns into abuse or addiction, known as a substance use disorder. In the 2013 to 2014 NSDUHs for Kentucky, the percentage of people aged 12 and older with an addiction to or dependence on illicit drugs, which would encompass heroin and non-medical use of opioids, was the same as the national average at 2.6 percent.
Mental health disorders often come into play with substance use disorder because many people have both types of disorders at once. In the NSDUHs, among Kentucky residents, 21.30 percent of those 18 and older had a mental illness. In these cases, it’s important to address the co-occurring mental disorder as well as the substance problem.
Heroin And Opioid Medical Detox
While drug rehab helps people to stop the patterns related to addiction, it’s important to stop using the substance and get past its withdrawal effects before moving forward with rehab. That’s why detox treatment exists. A medically-supervised detox program is designed to focus on getting the substance out of your body and helping you move past the withdrawal symptoms that often come from stopping continuous use.
Symptoms caused by quitting opioids or heroin can be tough to handle. You might sweat a lot, face anxiety, have muscle aches, experience a quick heartbeat, and go through various other mental and physical symptoms. A medical detox program provides the observation, medication, and support from professionals to ensure that your withdrawal process is as safe and comfortable as possible. This tends to make it easier and safer than if you tried to stop on your own. In addition, medically-supervised detox can make the process more effective to help you continue the quitting process. People who try to quit on their own often relapse when dealing with the difficult withdrawal symptoms.
When you have completed a detox program, you should ideally continue with rehab treatment. Detox is not seen as treatment on its own, but is instead the beginning of treatment. It gets the substance out of your body, moves you past the withdrawal phase, while rehab treatment provides counseling and other methods that help you work on your addiction causes and triggers, learn coping skills, and change your thoughts and behaviors. You learn to stop living an addicted life and live in a healthier way without substances.
Inpatient Treatment For Opiate Addiction
You have a choice of rehab programs when you finish a medically-supervised detox. A top choice is an inpatient treatment center that provides specialized treatment for opioid addiction. With this type of facility, you live on-site while taking part in your treatment program. By residing in the facility, you are able to fully focus on your treatment without stresses, pressures, and triggers of everyday life getting in your way.
Treatment in a residential program provides a comprehensive approach that can include individual therapy, group therapy, medication, and other approaches. In a quality program, the treatment plan is customized to your situation, and it can vary based on the facility. Many programs offer specialized therapy approaches such as dialectical behavioral therapy, or DBT, and cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT. The programs usually provide high-quality nutrition to give your body extra support as you recover. In addition, programs can include unique offerings, including holistic therapies like yoga, adventure or wilderness programs, equine therapy and other options.
Outpatient Opioid Treatment
Outpatient programs are another choice for your rehab treatment. Outpatient treatment varies widely from program to program, so you can find a range of very flexible to intensive options. An intensive outpatient program provides the most intensive type of outpatient care, which is similar to the level of residential treatment. Some outpatient programs are specific to treating opiate addiction by providing medication. These programs also tend to include therapy, usually group forms and sometimes individual therapy.
Medication can help ease the process of recovering from heroin or opioid addiction. It is often used to manage withdrawal symptoms during medically-supervised detox and to help your body and mind during addiction recovery. Most often, methadone or buprenorphine (Suboxone, Subutex, Zubsolv) are given within a treatment program.
Methadone works against the drug high you would normally feel from an opioid, plus, it can be used for withdrawal symptoms during a detox program. Buprenorphine reduces drug cravings without creating a high. Another option, which is not as commonly used, is naltrexone, which reduces the opioid drug’s effects. Your program and custom treatment plan will determine the type of medication(s) you might use within treatment. Generally, you would engage in other forms of treatment, especially therapy, alongside medication-assisted treatment.
Opioid Treatment Programs In Kentucky
If you are struggling with opioid or heroin abuse, addiction, or dependence in Kentucky, the state has many treatment programs designed to handle this particular problem. When you are ready to enter a treatment program to overcome addiction to opioids or heroin, you might feel overwhelmed by the choices. You’ll find countless options within Kentucky and beyond its borders.
It’s important that you find a treatment facility and program that will be able to handle your specific type of addiction and any co-occurring mental disorder you might have. In addition, make sure that the facility will offer a customized approach that addresses your specific needs.
For assistance with finding the right treatment program for your opioid addiction, contact DrugRehab.org. We will help find the drug rehab center that best fits your needs.